Agronomy II (Grains) 100 Hours Certificate Course
Ask a question
Agronomy II (Grains) 100 Hours Certificate Course
Learn to Grow Grain Crops
The Grains industry both for animal and human consumption, is very extensive and crops include growing common grains like wheat and rice, plus uncommon grain crops, such as Amaranth and Soybeans. The production of a large amount of staple foods worldwide is mechanised and produced on big farms, although there are many smaller scale enterprises as well. Regardless of the size of the enterprise, good quality seed and germination rates, the protection of seeds from diseases and pests, correct preparation in nutrient rich soil and sowing at the right time to take the best advantage of climate, moisture and temperature factors, are all vitally important to achieve success.
By completing this course, you will acquire a sound understanding of Agronomy as it relates to cereals, pulses and pseudo grains. As well as learning about different grains, you will gain skills regarding which species and cultivators you should choose. Making the right choices will enable you to employ efficient techniques to get the best harvest.
Those who will benefit from completing Agronomy II (Grains) include:
- Farmers, farm mangers and farm workers
- Farm equipment or service suppliers
- Agricultural professionals or students
- Farmers looking to move into new "specialised" crops
- Farm animal owners or managers wishing to produce food for their livestock
Learning Goals: Agronomy II (Grains)
- Classify important existing and emerging grains or cereals grown around the world and explain the production systems both large and small scale, used for growing, harvesting and storing grains in different countries.
- Describe important farm structures, equipment, vehicles, supplies and natural resources required for successful production of cereal/grain crops
- Describe and compare the properties and production systems of the major ‘cool season’ cereals, namely: wheat, triticale, spelt, barley, oats and rye.
- Describe and compare the properties and production systems of the major ‘warm season’ cereals, namely: maize, sorghum and millet
- Describe the four main broad habitats where rice is grown and explain the variety of production systems used within these different habitats.
- Explain and compare the production systems and uses of important cool and warm season pulse crops grown around the world.
- Describe production of ‘non-grasses’ that are existing or emerging as important‘cereals’, such as chia, quinoa, amaranth and buckwheat.
- Explain post harvest storage and processing methods used for cereals for human consumption and examine the various sales procedures used.
- Describe the production of important warm and cool season grasses used for forage and stock feed
- Describe the storage, processing and sale of cereals used for livestock and demonstrate the calculation of some sample stock rations
Lesson Structure: Agronomy II (Grains)
There are 9 lessons in this course:
1 Introduction to grains
- Production of crops in different climates and ecological zones
- Crop growing periods and growing degree days
- Cropping season as affected by moisture availability
- World cropping
- Cereal crop growth stages
- Grain types
- Production systems
2 Cereal/grain infrastructure and machinery requirements
- Equipment requirements
- Grain storage
3 Wheat, triticale, spelt, barley, oats, rye.
- Wheat and Spelt
4 Maize, Sorghum, millet
- Rice (Orryza SPP.)
- Crop health and diseases
6 Pulse crops
- Pidgeon Peas (Congo beans)
- Lima beans
- Mung beans
- Chick peas
- Faba beans
- Field peas (Green peas)
7 Pseudo cereals
- Sesame seed
8 Processing grains for human consumption
- Post-harvest processing
- Grain processing and consumption
- Wheat processing
- Processing maize (corn)
- Processing rice
- Processing oats
- Processing pseudograins
- Fortifying foods
9 Grains for livestock consumption
- C3 and C4 grasses
- Nutrient-dense forages and forage quality
Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.
Excerpt from the Course
Grains need to be harvested at the right time in their growth cycle, in order to obtain the best quantity and quality in the harvest. Subsistence farmers have harvested grain crops manually for thousands of years, and some still do. Most commercial grain crops though, will be harvested with machines. Machine harvesters may be owned by large farming operations; but for smaller operations, the harvesting may be contracted to someone with the machinery to do the job.
One of the first issues is to harvest the crop while it is at its best. That is while the moisture content is at the maximum acceptable level but not too wet to cause storage or quality issues.
Another issue that approaches at harvest is weather damage. Crops are quite susceptible to loss of quality if rain falls on a ripe crop, wind, hail or heavy rain can cause crops to shed grain, or shatter pods.
As a general rule of thumb, pulse crops such as chickpeas weather quite well for a short period of time as the grain is protected inside a pod, however with canola the pods become very brittle when ripe and can shatter very easily which is why a windrower is often used to lay the crop on the ground to reduce the chance of pods shatter from adverse weather.
Some cereal crops weather better than others, some wheat varieties can weather quite well whereas barley has a fairly soft straw and can lodge (fall over) if too much rain falls onto a ripening crop. For this reason, farmers often have some form of grain storage. Grain storage can open up a range of marketing options as well. If crop prices are not particularly attractive during harvest (which often happens) farmers can then store their crops and sell them at a time when markets are priced more favourably. So with this in mind, we will look at some basic storage options for a grain farmer.
Silos are the most permanent form of grain storage. They are usually large steel cylinder structures with a cone base; however some silos have flat bottoms. The cone base helps the grain to flow down to the bottom of the silo into a hopper where an auger can pump the grain into a truck. Most large grain farms have a silo complex (a number of silos for seed storage as well as grain storage during harvest). Silos complexes usually are attached to power so that grain dryers can be used.
Grain dryers are used to bring the moisture content down to a level that is acceptable to the grain receiver and this is particularly useful if a farmer has to harvest grain at a higher moisture content just to get the crop out of the field, whether that is because adverse weather conditions are forecast, or large areas of crop need to be harvested so the farmer just has to get on with it.
Most modern silos are fitted with aerators. These are small fans fitted into the base of the silo that forces air up through the silo. They help keep the grain at a constant temperature which maintains the quality of the grain. It is a good idea to think of grain as a living thing, as adverse temperatures or moisture in storage will ruin the viability of any grain kept for seed. Grain dryers are also particularly good at keeping grain insect free, so are a good investment if planning on constructing new silos.
Silo bags are large heavy plastic sausage-like bags that can hold up to 220 tonnes of wheat. They have a life of up to 18months out in the open. They are very useful for storing grain on the sides of fields during harvest, however, the grain must be of the right moisture content otherwise the grain will sweat in the bag and go mouldy. They are quick to use and quite good for temporary storage however you may have issues with access when the time comes to unload them if they are out on the edge of a field (as opposed to permanent silos that usually have a heavy gravel pad around them allowing for all weather access). They also require a specialise bag unloader and if you are planning on leaving them in the field for a period of time they will require an electric fence constructed around them as pigs and other animals can puncture them and they have been known to tear open like a ladder in a stocking which is can cause quite a bit of grain loss.
Bunkers describe where grain is dumped in a large pile on the ground, or a cement slab, sometimes bunkers are covered with a plastic tarp (which is most desirable to reduce weather damage). These are a very temporary form of storage and grain is usually moved as quickly as possible out of a bunker. An ideal bunker site should be raised to allow water to drain away from the grain. Most farmers would have this area known as the pad, to be built up by a grader and have the floor packed hard.
Insect pest control in grain storage
Grain insects develop quickly in stored grain if the right conditions are prevalent. Most grain pests reproduce rapidly at temperatures of around 30°C, so cool storage conditions are best if possible at around 20°C or less, this could be quite difficult to achieve in some countries but aeration of silos will help. Grain insects in some countries have already developed resistance to some grain protectant chemicals, so often a combination of protectants is necessary.
The use of protectants hinges on the withholding period of the product so in some situations will not be suitable if grain needs to be sold within the withholding period. Protectants are not designed to be applied to grain with a visible insect infestation, they are meant to be applied to grain as it enters storage. We encourage you to familiarise yourself with the resistant grain insects. We also recommend that you investigate the main grain pests to your region or country.
Sometimes known as grist milling, milling is the process by which grain is flattened or ground. In the past, water and wind have been used to powered mills; today's mills are usually electric steel roll mills. This means that the grains are rolled between two steel rollers with roughened edges or teeth to break the grains. After this, grains are sieved, such that the endosperm (white flour) is separated from bran layers and germ. The endosperm is then milled again until the desired level of refinement is reached. In some cases, bran layers and germ are also ground finer, and added back into the endosperm grounds to produce brown and wholemeal flours.
|How Do Our Tuition Fees Compare?||Full time classroom based Further Education Courses - Approx. £5,000 per year - Part-time classroom based Adult Education Courses - Approx. £7.00 per hour - N.B. classroom tuition means you learn at the pace of the class. One-to-one private tuition - from £15.00 per hour - ADL one-to-one tution fees - From £340 per 100 Hour Course = Average of £3.40 per hour - N.B. one-to-one tuition is tailored to your own individual learning availability and pace.|
|Course Start||Begin your learning at any time.|
|Course Prerequisite||None - Our course levels are an indication of the depth of learning you should receive. They do not describe the level of difficulty.|
|Course Qualification (Study Option A)||Endorsed Qualification from TQUK - Training Qualifications UK, an Ofqual Approved Awarding Organisation - Completed written assignments and final evaluation per course/module to be taken.|
|Course Qualification (Study Option B)||Certificate of Attainment from ADL - Completed written assignments only - no final evaluation.|
|Comparative Credits Information||UK Course Credits: 10 - U.S. Credit Hours: 3 - when compared to regulated courses.|
|Course Duration and Deadlines||Course hours given are a guide only. You will be encouraged to work at your own pace to learn as much as you can, with no assignment deadlines or end date by which you must complete your course by. You are in control!|
|Study Support||Personal tutor/mentor support from industry relevant professionals throughout your whole course. Mentors are contactable by e-mail, telephone and through the Moodle online classroom. They provide assistance with your course material, plus discuss, explain and give advice when needed. They will also mark and grade your assignments, plus provide constructive and helpful feedback vital to your success.|
|Suitability for Self Employment and Small Businesses||Our courses are ideal for sole traders and small business owners and their staff. Customer confidence in what you can do will determine how successful you are in getting clients. Doing the job right using the correct knowledge and skills, leads to repeat business and referrals to friends, family and work colleagues. Completing one or more of our courses for the service you have to offer, will give you the tools to achieve this and grow your business.|
|Recognition of Your Course By Employers||We aim to achieve the correct balance between your qualification being recognised and providing you with the in-depth learning, to empower you to succeed. If you can demonstrate that you have the level of knowledge and transferable skills necessary to an employer, you should stand out from someone who has only received a superficial understanding of what's required - Select study option A when enrolling, so an employer can check the status of the awarding organisation for your qualification on the Ofqual Register.|
|Recognition of Your Course By Universities||As you will see on our Testimonials page, previous students have used their qualification from us to get into university. However each one will have its own entrance criteria and acceptance may also depend on your other qualifications and experience. We can approach up to three universities on your behalf with details of our course before you enrol, so you will know whether it will be accepted as part of their application process. Please complete our contact form and we will begin the process.|
|Designing Your Own Qualification||Bundle up your choice of related courses to form your own qualification. Our Advanced Certificates (4 courses), Diplomas (6 courses), Advanced Diplomas (8 courses) and Higher Advanced Diplomas (12 courses), are used to differentiate between the in-depth knowledge and skills you will acquire in your chosen area of study. e.g. Advanced Certificate in Turf Care Management, which includes individual courses: Turf Care, Sports Turf Care, Turf Repair and Renovation and Turf Grasses.|
|How Can I Enrol?||Online by selecting your study option, learning materials, plus payment option and then clicking the Enrol Now button - By contacting us for an application form - By telephoning us on 01227 789 649 (International: 0044 1227 789 649). Lines open 9am till 5pm Monday to Friday, excluding Bank Holidays and between Christmas and New Year.|
|How Can I Get a Pro-forma Invoice for my Employer?||Contact us with details and we will email your employer an invoice. We will need: employer's name, address, telephone number, email address and contact name. We will also require your name, telephone number, email address, date of birth and the course and code you wish to enrol for.|
"Fantastic Teacher. Well organised modules. Assignments force me to learn and research more so I can prepare well for exams. I really enjoyed studying via ADL. I can now continue study at Ulster University which accept my certificate from ADL". Level 4, Advanced Certificate in Applied Science, VSC001, Stanislawa, Poland.
Its with great pleasure I am announcing you my new job as 'Park Manager' for a 5 star hotel in Reunion Island. Its definitely my courses with ADL (Botany, Agronomy and Tree for Rehabilitation) which were decisive for my nomination. Accordingly, my sincere thanks goes to all the ADL team.
"The course was a valuable learning experience as it provided me with the knowledge and understanding for me as a Careers Advisor. The feedback was very good from my tutor, and allowed me to build upon my assignments that were marked. The comments were very informative and very useful. Well written course material." Andrew W, Careers Counselling, UK
"It exceeded my expectations. It was more comprehensive than I expected and the assignments really stimulated deep study of the subject. Thank you for your guidance. I am delighted with my certificate and will recommend this course and ADL to my friends and colleagues." G Flaherty, Ornithology BEN102, Ireland
"I want to thank you for the course - Hotel Management- I've just finished now. The course was comprehensive and well edited. For sure it can give a new worker in the hospitality industry the basic theoretical and practical knowledge required". Daniel K, Hotel Management, Romania
"Upon completing the Interior Plants Course I was offered my dream job. Taking this class was one of the best decisions I've made, the information I received was invaluable. Thank you ADL". Meg V, Interior Plants, Florida, USA.
“I am delighted to report that I passed the exam and received a “Pass with Commendation”. I appreciate very much the detail that you went into, in the correction of my assignments and I found your advice and extra subject information invaluable in advancing my interest and knowledge in horticulture”. Go raibh mile maith agat! (a thousand thanks!) Colin, RHS Cert II, Ireland
"Although my main interest in Earth Science is Geology I found this course excellent. The course notes were very interesting and useful throughout the course. Thank you to the ADL staff for their excellent service" Barry. Earth Science
"I received good feedback, and had an efficient turnaround of assignments, useful comments and grades to analyse." Andrew, Calf Rearing
"I enjoyed the course and developed a good understanding of learning and behaviour disorders. I feel this will be helpful in my role as a Clerk at a local primary school". The course met my expectations and I enjoyed the challenge of learning about conditions i knew little about. The presentation of the course and the opportunity to communicate with my tutor was valuable. I enjoyed the course so much , I am planning to do another! Jennifer C, Developmental Learning and Behavioural Disorders in Children and Adolescents, UK