Basic Plant Biochemistry 100 Hours Certificate Course
Dear sir / madam , I am writing to ask you few questions about the certificate course of Basic Plant Biochemistry . Here are the following questions I would like to ask : 1) Is there any examinations in this course ? Do I need to hand in homework online only to complete the course ? 2) When do I need to finish the course ? Is there any deadline to complete the homework ? 3) How to apply for this course ? How to pay for the course ? 4) Will the certificate be sent to my address in Hong Kong ? Thanks. Yours faithfully , Vivian Yung
I'll answer your questions below:
1. There is an exam in this course but all exams can be completed at your location. You will need to complete all assignments in order to be able to do the exam. All assignments can be submitted online.
2. There is no deadline to complete your course.
3. To purchase this course, simply click on the 'enroll now' button and then go to 'your cart' option at the top of the page and proceed with the payemnt.
4. Yes, your qualification will be posted to you as well as a digital copy emailed to you.
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Basic Plant Biochemistry 100 Hours Certificate Course
Basic Plant Biochemistry course online. Learn about the composition and function of plantsBiochemistry is the chemistry of living beings. This course concentrates on the biochemistry of plants.Learn Plant Biochemistry with outstanding experienced tutors. Our Problem-Based Approach for learning makes the learning experience practical and applied, helping you to understand, absorb and retain your new knowledge. Course prerequisites: Some secondary school chemistry will be helpful though not essential.
Learning Goals: Biochemistry 1 - (Plants) BSC102
- Identify characteristics of common chemical compounds important in plant biochemistry.
- Explain the characteristics of major biochemical groups including; carbohydrates, lipids and proteins.
- Explain the characteristics of chemicals which control biological processes, including enzymes and hormones.
- Identify the role of nitrogen in plant biological processes, including the nitrogen cycle.
- Identify the role of photosynthesis in biological systems.
- Explain the role of respiration in plants.
- Explain characteristics of assimilation and transpiration in plants.
- Explain the effect of acidity and alkalinity on biochemical systems.
- Develop simple chemical analysis skills relevant to testing plants and soils.
- Identify applications and uses for biochemical processes and products.
Lesson Structure: Biochemistry 1 - (Plants) BSC102
There are 9 lessons:
- The Basics: Atoms, Elements and Compounds, Table of Significant Elements
- Parts of a Compound
- Other Common Biochemical Groups
- Chemical Names: Alkyl Groups, Arrangement of Atoms in a Compound
- Organic Compounds
- Types of Carbohydrate: Proteins, Amino Acids, Lipids, Nucleic Acids
- Biochemical Processes in Plants and Animals
- What is Life?
- Classification of Living Things
- Atoms: The Atomic Nature of Matter, The Structure of Atoms
- Biochemistry: Biochemical Process in the Cell
- The Carbon Cycle
- Calculating the Components in a Chemical: Atomic Weights of Elements
- Recommended Reading
2 Lipids and proteins
- Function: Carbohydrates trap light energy, Carbohydrates release energy, Energy Supply in Animals/Humans, Types of Carbohydrates
- Aromatic Compounds
- Lipids & Proteins: Characteristics of Lipids, Naturally occurring & commercially useful lipids
- Proteins: Amino Acids, Types of Proteins
- Proteins in the Human Diet
- Protein Structure
- Plant Hormones
- Chemical Growth Modification
- Enzymes Additional Information: Effect of Temperature, Effect of pH, Activation, Isoenzymes, Inhibition
4 Nitrogen and the nitrogen cycle
- The Role of Nitrogen
- The Nitrogen Cycle: Nitrogen fixation, Ammonification, Nitrification, Denitrification, Nitrogen loss, Forms of Nitrogen
5 Photosynthesis and respiration
- Photosynthesis: The Light Reactions, The Dark Reactions, Environmental factors which affect photosynthesis
- Respiration: Glycolysis, The Krebs cycle, The Electron Transport Chain
- The Rate of Respiration is Affected By..............
6 Assimilation and transpiration
- Water and Plant Growth
- Transpiration: Environmental Factors that Affect Transpiration and Water Uptake
- Metabolism of Plants and Animals
- Mechanisms of Nutrient Uptake in Plants
7 Acidity and alkalinity
- Measuring pH: Methods of Measuring pH
- What is an Acid or Base?
- Soil pH
- Nutrient Availability and pH
- Cation Exchange Capacity and pH
- The Acid-Base Balance in Human Exercise Physiology: Buffer Effect, Respiration, The Kidney Effect
8 Chemical analysis
- Chemical Analysis: Laboratory testing of Soils, Soil Sampling, Measuring Salinity
- Gas Spectrometers
- Atomic Absorption Units
- Conductivity: Conductivity and Hydroponics
9 Biochemical applications
- Alkaloids: Pyrrolidine Alkaloids, Quinoline and Isoquinaline Alkaloids, Pyridine & Piperidine Alkaloids, Indole Alkaloids
- Poisonous Plants
- Herbal Medicines
- Preparing Herbal Remedies
- Chemical Toxicities: Chemical Pesticides: Insecticides, Characteristics of Pesticides, Summary of Main Chemical Groups of Insecticides, Comparative Toxicities of Pesticides
- How Poisonous is a Chemical?
- Tissue Culture: Uses, Problems
- Tissue Culture Procedures: Explants, Sterilisation, Nutrient Media, Methods of shoot induction and proliferation, Multiplication by adventitious roots, Rooting and Planting Out
- Environmental Conditions: Types of media, Composition of Nutrient Media, Cleanliness, Light and Temperature Conditions, Hormones
- Laboratory Requirements
- Glossary of Terms
- Biotechnology in Horticulture: Tissue Culture Development
- Cell Fusions
- Overcoming Pollination Incompatatbility
- Explain the formulae of ten specified, chemical compounds commonly found in plants.
- Calculate the percentages of elements contained in two specified chemical compounds.
- Differentiate between characteristics of major groups of biochemicals including:
- amino acids
- nucleic acids
- Compare differences between monosaccharides and polysaccharides.
- Differentiate between plant and animal biochemistry, with three specific examples of biochemical processes which are unique to each.
- Differentiate between a fat and an oil.
- Explain the characteristics of a specified protein formula.
- Compare two fibrous proteins with two globular proteins.
- Explain the functions of carbohydrates in plants.
- Explain two commercial applications for lipids for the learners chosen industry.
- Explain two commercial applications for proteins for the learners chosen industry.
- Explain two commercial applications for carbohydrates for the learners industry.
- Distinguish between an enzyme and a hormone.
- Explain how one specific enzyme functions in a living organism.
- Explain how one specific hormone functions in a living organism.
- Explain the relevance of hormones to the learners industry sector.
- Explain the relevance of enzymes to the learners industry sector.
- Explain plant inoculum in relation to nitrogen use in plants.
- Define relevant terminology, including:
- Nitrogen Fixation
- Symbiotic Bacteria
- Explain the effect on plant yield of a deficiency in available nitrogen.
- Explain the effect on plant yield of an excess in available nitrogen.
- Compare differences in nitrogen deficiency symptoms between monocotyledons and dicotyledons.
- Analyse the nitrogen cycle with diagrams.
- Explain the significance of the nitrogen cycle to plants and animals.
- Perform an experiment comparing the growth of 4 plants grown under differing light conditions.
- Explain differences in plants grown under different light conditions.
- Explain the processes of photosynthesis, with diagrams.
- Explain the importance of photosynthesis to plants.
- List the main biochemical processes which occur during respiration in plants.
- Identify the differences between anaerobic and aerobic respiration.
- Explain glycolysis, including the sequence of chemical reactions which take place.
- Explain the Krebs cycle, including the sequence of chemical reactions involved.
- Compare respiration in a plant with respiration in an animal.
- Explain differences in plant respiration, under different climatic conditions, for a specified situation.
- Define relevant terminology, including:
- Vapour Pressure
- Explain how water is absorbed into a plant, with the aid of diagrams.
- Explain how nutrients are absorbed into a plant, with the aid of diagrams.
- Perform, a simple experiment, showing the movement of dyed water into, and through a plant.
- Explain how water is moved about in a plant.
- Explain how nutrients are moved about in a plant.
- Explain the purpose of transpiration, in plant function.
- Define pH terminology including; acid, alkaline, base and neutral.
- Explain the control of acidity and alkalinity in different living organisms, using 4 specific examples, including:
- chemical reactions
- Explain how soil pH affects plant nutrient availability.
- Explain plant responses to changes in soil pH.
- Analyse the effects of three different fertilizers on the pH of growing media.
- Explain the effects of abnormal pH levels in a specific case study of a physiological process, in a living organism.
- Identify factors involved in controlling acidity and alkalinity in a specific case study.
- Define relevant terminology, including:
- Compare chemical pH test kits with chemical pH meters, in terms of the following:
- ease of use
- Explain the practical applications of various analytical techniques including:
- chromatography (TLC, GC)
- atomic absorption
- Determine the value of analytical techniques used in industry including:
- ease of use
- Differentiate between chemical toxicity and tolerance.
- Explain the implications of LD50 characteristics with five different chemical substances.
- Explain the implications of half-life characteristics with five different chemical substances.
- List the active toxins in ten poisonous plants which commonly occur in your home locality.
- Explain the effects of two naturally occurring toxins on the human body.
- Explain the function and use of two different plants as medicines for humans or animals.
- Determine three different applications for plant tissue culture.
The quality of this course is second to none, from the in-depth learning you will get to the expert individual mentoring you will receive throughout your studies. The mentors for this course are:
BSc in Applied Plant Biology (Botany) Univ. London 1983.
City and guilds: Garden Centre Management, Management and Interior Decor (1984)
Management qualifications in training with retail store. Diploma in Hort level 2 (RHS General) Distinction.
Excerpt From The Course
THE ROLE OF NITROGEN
Nitrogen is vital for all living organisms. It is important as a macronutrient for plant growth, and is essential for the formation of amino acids and for protein and nucleic acid synthesis. It chiefly exists as an invisible, odourless, chemically inactive gas, which forms 78% of the Earth’s atmosphere.
Plants take up nitrogen from the soil as nitrate (NO3-) or more rarely as ammonium (NH4+) or nitrite (NO2) ions. Nitrogen is present in hundreds of compounds in plants, including amino acids, enzymes, chlorophyll and genes. It is needed in highest concentration in actively growing parts of the plant, ie. shoots, flowers, fruit and root tips. Deficiencies lead to spindly plant growth and yellowing of the leaves. The symptoms first appear in the older leaves and generally appear gradually.
Soil nitrogen is replenished by natural processes (ie. the nitrogen cycle and nitrogen fixation) and through fertiliser applications including urea, ammonium sulphate and ammonium nitrate. Too much nitrogen produces soft tissues with a high water content that are particularly prone to frost damage. Excessive leaf growth may occur at the expense of flowering and fruit set, and potassium deficiencies may be induced.
THE NITROGEN CYCLE
The nitrogen cycle is the circulation of nitrogen between living organisms and the environment.
Nitrogen is an essential element for all living organisms, although most living things cannot use atmospheric nitrogen (which makes up 4/5 of the Earth’s atmosphere) to make proteins and other organic substances. It first must be converted by bacteria into ammonium or nitrate which cells can use.
This is the process whereby atmospheric nitrogen is ‘fixed’ in the soil by soil microorganisms. The main soil nitrogen-fixing microorganisms are:
- Rhizobium bacteria that live in nodules in the roots of legumes
- Blue-green algae in moist soils
- Free-living micro-organisms that are found in most soils
The symbiotic bacteria which includes Rhizobium bacteria, are by far the most important in terms of the total amounts of nitrogen fixed. In the symbiotic relationship between legumes and Rhizobium, the legume supplies the Rhizobium with carbon compounds as an energy source and also provides a protective environment. The legume, in return, obtains nitrogen in a form usable for the production of plant proteins.
Rhizobium invades the roots of pasture legumes such as alfalfa, clovers, peas, soybean, beans, as well as Australian native legumes including Acacias. The bacteria are attracted to the legume by a growth substance and invade the root hairs. They then divide forming filaments and infect the root cortex in which a nodule forms. The bacterium fixes nitrogen by means of the enzyme nitrogenase.
In commercial agriculture, soil nitrogen levels are boosted by growing leguminous plants which are inoculated with Rhizobium bacteria. The plants are then harvested, leaving behind the nitrogen-rich roots or by plowing the whole plant back into the soil.
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