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Cutting Propagation 100 Hours Certificate Course


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Cutting Propagation 100 Hours Certificate Course

Price: £325.00Course Code: BHT211
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Cutting Propagation 100 Hours Certificate Course

Cutting Propagation course online. Become an expert at cut flower growing. Cut flower growing has experienced rapid expansion in recent decades, resulting in increased demand for training in the skills and knowledge required by this industry in increasingly affluent countries. This course provides a thorough basic training for the commercial cut flower grower.


Learning Goals:  Cutting Propagation BHT211
  • To familiarise the student with the principles of propagating plants by cuttings
  • To develop an understanding of how to propagate plants from stem cuttings
  • To develop an understanding of how to propagate plants from non-stem cuttings
  • To develop an understanding of the materials and equipment used for propagating plants from stems
  • To understand the principles of growing media in relation to cutting propagation
  • To understand how and why cuttings form roots. To learn how to manipulate the formation of roots on cuttings
  • To understand the principles for establishing successful plant propagation areas
  • To understand the principles of nursery crop scheduling


Lesson Structure:  Cutting Propagation BHT211

There are 8 lessons:

1  Introduction.

  • The principles of propagating plants by cuttings
  • Importance of cuttings
  • Phenotype vs genotype,
  • Why choose cutting propagation
  • Where to get cuttings from
  • Basic cutting technique.

2  Stem cuttings.

  • Ease with which tissue forms roots
  • Types of stem cuttings (softwood, hardwood, semi hardwood, herbaceous, tip, heel, nodal, cane etc)
  • Treatments (eg. basal heat, mist, tent, etc), testing rooting, etc.

3  Non-stem cuttings.

  • Leaf cuttings
  • Root cuttings (natural suckering with or without division
  • Induced suckering
  • In situ whole root cuttings
  • Ex situ detached root cuttings)
  • Bulb cuttings
  • Scaling and twin scaling
  • Sectioning
  • Basal cuttage.

4  Materials and equipment.

  • Selection and maintenance of stock plants
  • Disinfecting cutting material;

5  Growing media.

  • Propagation media; biological, chemical and physical characteristics of propagation and potting media
  • Testing for toxins
  • Air filled porosity
  • Potting up cuttings
  • Soil-less mixes
  • Rockwool, etc.

6  Factors affecting rooting.

  • Juvenility
  • Cutting Treatments (hormones & their application, anti transparents
  • Acid/base treatments
  • Disinfectants etc)
  • Callusing
  • Mycorrhizae
  • Carbon Dioxide enrichment, etc.

7  Setting up a propagation area.

  • Creating and managing an appropriate cutting environment in terms of: Water; Disease; Temperature; Light and Air Quality. Greenhouses and other structures
  • Watering methods (mist, fog, capillary etc), heating, etc.

8  Management of cutting crops.

  • Estimating cost of production; Keeping records, etc.


Practicals - What You Will Do In This Course:
  • Establish an area near where you live that can be used for the raising of cuttings ,It doesn't need to be a greenhouse, just a sheltered place where you can raise the cuttings you will be asked to grow for this course.
  • Select ten different plants that can be grown by stem cuttings. Practice preparing different types of cuttings until you feel you can do this well.
  • Place samples of your cuttings in a propagating mix and place in the propagation area. Keep the mix moist and observe the behaviour of the cuttings. (eg. does it put on new leaves? Do changes in temperature effect growth? Do any cuttings die? etc. )Make notes of your observations. You will be asked questions about your results later in the course.
  • Prepare leaf cuttings for five different plant species.
  • Prepare root cuttings for five different plant species.
  • Prepare bulb cuttings for five different plant species.
  • Place samples of cuttings in a propagating mix.
  • Visit three plant propagation nurseries and see if you can find out where they obtain their propagation material.
  • Test soil samples and name them.
  • Go to your local nursery and/or garden supply and find out what rooting hormones they sell. See if you can discover what chemicals the products contain.
  • Visit three different commercial greenhouses.
  • Prepare a pot of cuttings and estimate the cost of production for each cutting produced.


The quality of this course is second to none, from the in-depth learning you will get to the expert individual mentoring you will receive throughout your studies. The mentors for this course are: 
Bunch of yellow rosesSusan Stephenson
BSc in Applied Plant Biology (Botany) Univ. London 1983.
City and guilds: Garden Centre Management, Management and Interior Decor (1984)
Management qualifications in training with retail store. Diploma in Hort level 2 (RHS General) Distinction. 
Susan Stephenson is a passionate and experienced horticulturist and garden designer. She has authored three books, lectures at 2 Further and Higher Education Colleges, teaching people of all ages and backgrounds about the wonders of plants and garden design, and tutors many students by correspondence from all over the world.
Susan studied botany at Royal Holloway College (Univ of London) and worked in the trading industry before returning to her first love plants and garden design. She is therefore, well placed to combine business knowledge with horticulture and design skills. Her experience is wide and varied and she has designed gardens for families and individuals. Susan is a mentor for garden designers who are just starting out, offering her support and advice and she also writes, delivers and assesses courses for colleges, introducing and encouraging people into horticulture and garden design.
In 2010, Susan authored a complete module for a Foundation degree (FDSC) in Arboriculture.
Susan holds the RHS General with Distinction. She continues to actively learn about horticulture and plants and (as her students will tell you) remains passionate and interested in design and horticulture.
Steven Whitaker course tutorSteven Whitaker
Diploma in Garden Design (Distinction) – The Blackford Centre, Gold Certificate of Achievement in Horticulture, Level 2 NVQ in Amenity Horticulture, Level 1 NOCN Introduction to Gardening, – Joseph Priestly College, BTEC Diploma in Hotel, Catering and Institutional Operations (Merit), Trainer Skills 1, & 2, Group trainer, Interview and Selection Skills – Kirby College of Further Education
Steven has a wealth of Horticultural knowledge, having ran his own Design and Build service, Landscaping company, and been a Head Gardener. His awards include five Gold awards at Leeds in Bloom, two Gold awards at Yorkshire in Bloom and The Yorkshire Rose Award for Permanent Landscaping. Steven has worked with TV’s Phil Spencer as his garden advisor on the Channel 4 TV Programme, “Secret Agent”. 
He is qualified to Level 2 NVQ in Amenity Horticulture and has a Diploma in Garden Design which he passed with Distinction. Steven’s Tutor and Mentor was the Chelsea Flower Show Gold Award-winning Garden Designer, Tracy Foster. He also works for a major Horticultural Commercial Grower in the field of Propagation and Craft Gardening. Steven lives in Leeds where he is a Freelance Garden Designer and Garden Advice Consultant. 


Excerpt From The Course

You will always improve your success in cutting propagation, if you use the right equipment and materials for the job.


Stock plants are those plants from which you take your cuttings or other vegetative material (e.g. bulbs, layers, divisions). Stock plants are frequently the most under-rated aspect of vegetative production.

Note: 'Your Cuttings Are Only Ever As Good As The Plants They Come From!'

If your stock plants are in poor condition:

  • Your cuttings may have a lower rate of success.
  • Your cuttings may be slower to form roots.
  • You may transmit pest or disease problems from your stock plants to other plants in your propagation bed or greenhouse.
  • Your cuttings may not develop as strong a growth as they might otherwise.

Selecting Stock Plants

Only use:        

  • Plants free of disease and pests.
  • Plants which are true to type. The stock plants need to be correctly identified and clearly labelled.
  • Plants which have been grown under preferred conditions.
  • Plants which have been growing well.
  • Plants which have been adequately fed, and are free from signs of any nutrient deficiency or leaf burn.

Selection of a 'true-to-type' cultivar is something which may require the expert knowledge of a botanist, a taxonomist or a horticulturist. Clonal selection, practised in some countries, involves careful selection of one plant of optimum quality and type. All stock plants are then propagated from this one parent plant.


When deciding what plants to grow or stock in a nursery, you should take into consideration the following criteria:

Ease of Propagation

Is it very easy, of average ease or difficult?

Very easy to propagate plants may bring a lower wholesale price, and their supply in the marketplace might be greater. Difficult plants may be more costly to produce, and more risky to get a profit from unless you have better than average skills.

Availability of Stock

Can it always be purchased in the form you want it (i.e. is seed or tube stock of the plant available for purchase). If the propagation material is to be imported you will need to consider quarantine restrictions.

Time to Grow It

Some plants can be ready to sell within months, others take many years. Plants that can be produced and sold quickly will generate income quickly.

Suitability to Your Facilities

Do you have the right buildings, propagation equipment and other facilities to grow the particular plants under consideration?

Do you have the money and the space to provide those facilities?

Suitability of Climate

What plants are most suitable to grow in your climate?

It is always more efficient to work with the environment rather than trying to modify environments.

Distance from Potential Markets

Transport is costly, and can be risky.

Your Staff's Skills

Don't try to do what you are not skilled to do.

Someone with more or specialist skills will probably do it better and cheaper.

Stock Plants Must Be Labelled CorrectlyAlways cross-check the spelling with a reputable publication - such as the Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary or Hortus.

Planting Out Stock Plants

Stock plants should be planted and maintained in the very best conditions. Aspect, light conditions, soil type, etc. should be considered carefully. Avoid areas that have been used in recent times for any form of crop production, particularly if crops grown in the area are in any way related to the stock plants you wish to grow, or the pests and diseases that are common to the crops that were grown are likely to be problems also for your stock plants.

Any stock plant area should be cleaned thoroughly before planting. Remove all weeds and rubbish from the area.

Stock plants should be kept apart from the main production area of a nursery, so that disease or pest problems in the nursery can be stopped before they infect the stock area.

Treatment throughout the Year

Pruning may be necessary to control the type of growth as well as the size and shape of the plant. Pruning a few months prior to taking cuttings can stimulate more growth of the type which is best suited for cuttings.

Feeding should be adequate, but be careful ‑ too much nitrogen can stimulate too much soft growth.

Irrigation is important, particularly during the main growing season.

Some types of plants (e.g. those grown from hardwood cuttings) may require very hard annual pruning to encourage suitable cutting material to develop for the next season.


Course Info
How Do Our Tuition Fees Compare?Full time classroom based Further Education Courses - Approx. £5,000 per year - Part-time classroom based Adult Education Courses - Approx. £7.00 per hour - N.B. classroom tuition means you learn at the pace of the class. One-to-one private tuition - from £15.00 per hour - ADL one-to-one tution fees - From £340 per 100 Hour Course = Average of £3.40 per hour - N.B. one-to-one tuition is tailored to your own individual learning availability and pace.
Course StartBegin your learning at any time.
Course Prerequisite None - Our course levels are an indication of the depth of learning you should receive. They do not describe the level of difficulty.
Course Qualification (Study Option A)Endorsed Qualification from TQUK - Training Qualifications UK, an Ofqual Approved Awarding Organisation - Completed written assignments and final evaluation per course/module to be taken.
Course Qualification (Study Option B)Certificate of Attainment from ADL - Completed written assignments only - no final evaluation.
Comparative Credits InformationUK Course Credits: 10 - U.S. Credit Hours: 3 - when compared to regulated courses.
Course Duration and DeadlinesCourse hours given are a guide only. You will be encouraged to work at your own pace to learn as much as you can, with no assignment deadlines or end date by which you must complete your course by. You are in control!
Study SupportPersonal tutor/mentor support from industry relevant professionals throughout your whole course. Mentors are contactable by e-mail, telephone and through the Moodle online classroom. They provide assistance with your course material, plus discuss, explain and give advice when needed. They will also mark and grade your assignments, plus provide constructive and helpful feedback vital to your success.
Suitability for Self Employment and Small BusinessesOur courses are ideal for sole traders and small business owners and their staff. Customer confidence in what you can do will determine how successful you are in getting clients. Doing the job right using the correct knowledge and skills, leads to repeat business and referrals to friends, family and work colleagues. Completing one or more of our courses for the service you have to offer, will give you the tools to achieve this and grow your business.
Recognition of Your Course By EmployersWe aim to achieve the correct balance between your qualification being recognised and providing you with the in-depth learning, to empower you to succeed. If you can demonstrate that you have the level of knowledge and transferable skills necessary to an employer, you should stand out from someone who has only received a superficial understanding of what's required - Select study option A when enrolling, so an employer can check the status of the awarding organisation for your qualification on the Ofqual Register.
Recognition of Your Course By UniversitiesAs you will see on our Testimonials page, previous students have used their qualification from us to get into university. However each one will have its own entrance criteria and acceptance may also depend on your other qualifications and experience. We can approach up to three universities on your behalf with details of our course before you enrol, so you will know whether it will be accepted as part of their application process. Please complete our contact form and we will begin the process.
Designing Your Own QualificationBundle up your choice of related courses to form your own qualification. Our Advanced Certificates (4 courses), Diplomas (6 courses), Advanced Diplomas (8 courses) and Higher Advanced Diplomas (12 courses), are used to differentiate between the in-depth knowledge and skills you will acquire in your chosen area of study. e.g. Advanced Certificate in Turf Care Management, which includes individual courses: Turf Care, Sports Turf Care, Turf Repair and Renovation and Turf Grasses.
How Can I Enrol?Online by selecting your study option, learning materials, plus payment option and then clicking the Enrol Now button - By contacting us for an application form - By telephoning us on 01227 789 649 (International: 0044 1227 789 649). Lines open 9am till 5pm Monday to Friday, excluding Bank Holidays and between Christmas and New Year.
How Can I Get a Pro-forma Invoice for my Employer?Contact us with details and we will email your employer an invoice. We will need: employer's name, address, telephone number, email address and contact name. We will also require your name, telephone number, email address, date of birth and the course and code you wish to enrol for.

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