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Human Biology IB - Bioenergetics 100 Hours Certificate Course


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Human Biology IB - Bioenergetics 100 Hours Certificate Course

Price: £325.00Course Code: BSC201
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Human Biology IB - Bioenergetics 100 Hours Certificate Course

Human Biology IB - Bioenergetics course online. Learn to understand and manage energy in the human body. Discover how energy affects our body, how to manage people's energy, where it comes from and what affects energy levels.

Learn about energy and movement within the human body. What are the factors that makes us move better? By understanding these factors you can better manage people's capacity to move, and to manage optimum levels of energy within their body.

Prerequisite: Basic understanding of body systems Human Anatomy and Physiology

This course gives you the tools to manage energy levels in people. Learn what is energy, how to increase people's energy levels and maintain them in different situations, when rest is the perfect recovery tool and how to perform exercises for better energy management.


Learning Goals: Human Biology IB - Bioenergetics BSC201
  • Explain how energy is used in the human body to create work and power.
  • Explain energy pathways during resting, work and recovery.
  • Explain the significance of the acid-base balance in the body.
  • Explain movement of materials in and out of living cells.
  • Explain the affect of changing atmospheric pressure on the body.
  • Explain temperature regulation in the body.
  • Explain ergogenic aids to body performance during activity/exercise.


Lesson Structure: Human Biology IB - Bioenergetics BSC201

There are 7 lessons:

1  Energy and Work

  • Introduction
  • Anaerobic Energy Supply
  • Phosphate Energy (ATP-PC System)
  • Lactic Acid Energy (Anaerobic glycolysis)
  • Aerobic Energy Supply
  • Summary of the aerobic energy system
  • Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP)
  • Adenosine Triphoshate (ATP)
  • ATP-PC System -Anaerobic
  • Lactic Acid System - Anaerobic
  • Oxygen System - Aerobic
  • Energy Requirements for Different Activities: Prolonged but Not Intense Activity, Prolonged Mild to Medium Activity, Prolonged Intense Activity, Short Bursts of Intense Activity
  • Breathing
  • ATP Movement
  • Krebs Cycle
  • So where is the ATP?
  • Some key points about the citric acid cycle
  • Recovery From Exercise
  • Oxygen Debt
  • Alactacid oxygen debt component
  • Lactacid oxygen debt component

2  Energy Pathways

  • Energy and Definitions
  • The Nature of Energy
  • Units of Measurement
  • Production and Storage of Energy
  • Carbohydrates in an Animal or Human Body: Glycogenesis, Glycogenolysis, Gluconeogenesis, Hyperglycaemia, Hypoglycaemia
  • Carbohydrate Oxidation: Glycolysis, Hydrolysis, Hydrolysis of metal salts, Hydrolysis of an ester link
  • Energy Production Pathways From Different Foods: Fats (Triglycerides in the body), Carbohydrates, Proteins
  • Respiratory Quotient (i.e.R or RE)
  • Resting Quotient
  • Aerobic Capacity
  • What Happens During Exercise
  • Recovery From Exerise: Alactacid oxygen debt component, Lantacid oxygen debt component, Replenishing Muscular Glycogen
  • Lactic Acid
  • Calculations

3  Tha Acid-Base Balance

  • pH
  • Acidity: What is it?
  • Effect of pH on Enzymes
  • The Urinary System: Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder
  • The Physiology of the Urinary System
  • The Urea Cycle
  • Things to note about the Urea Cycle

4  Osmosis and Diffusion

  • Diffusion
  • Some Examples of Diffusion
  • The Nature of Diffusion
  • Types of Diffusion
  • Movement of Molecules Through Cell Membranes
  • Endocytosis
  • Membranes
  • Structure of Cell Membranes
  • Osmosis
  • An Example of Osmosis
  • Osmosis and Filtration
  • Hydrostatic Pressure
  • Active Transport
  • Phagocytosis
  • Pinocytosis
  • Membrane Transport
  • Simple Passive Transport
  • Facilitated Passive and Active
  • Chemical Potential
  • Osmotic Pressure
  • Reverse Osmosis

5  Atmospheric Pressure

  • Introduction
  • Partial Pressure Gradients  
  • Altitudes
  • Effects of Changes in Pressure
  • Equalising When You Dive
  • Gas Solubility
  • Breathing at Different Atmospheric Pressures
  • Calculations

6  Temperature Regulation

  • Introduction
  • DQ / Dt = k A DT / Dx,
  • DQ / Dt = 14.5 A Sqrt (v) DT
  • DQ / Dt = e s A (Tb 4 - Ta 4)
  • DQ / Dt = (Dm / Dt) L.
  • Lowering Temperatures
  • Raising Temperature
  • Effect of Temperature on Enzymes
  • Sweat (Sudoriferous) Glands: Eccrine Glands, Apocrine Glands
  • Energy Production
  • Factors Affecting Individual BMR
  • Fever
  • Mechanism of Fever
  • Shivering
  • Other Temperature Disorders
  • Grades of Fever
  • Signs of Fever

7  Ergogenic Aids to Performance

  • Ergogenic Aids
  • Drugs
  • Steroids
  • Amphetamines
  • Oxygen
  • Carbohydrates
  • Carbohydrate Loading
  • Protein
  • Vitamins and minerals
  • Water
  • Caffeine
  • Vitamin and Mineral Supplements
  • Tips for Choosing a Vitamin Supplement
  • Antioxidants


  • Explain biological energy cycles, using illustrations where appropriate.
  • Explain two examples of energy pathways in the body, including an anaerobic and an aerobic pathway.
  • Explain the function of ATP in body energy pathways.
  • Explain the significance of the following terms to understanding body energy pathways:
    • energy
    • work
    • power
    • efficiency during exercise
  • Explain the consumption of oxygen during different stages of activity, including:
    • at rest
    • warming up
    • peak activity
    • cooling down
  • Calculate the net cost of exercise in litres per minute, for a set situation.
  • Explain the measurement of efficiency during the exercise carried out in a set task.
  • Explain problems which may occur in physiological processes during running a marathon.
  • Explain in one paragraph for each, the following acid-base terms with relevance to exercise:
    • Buffer
    • Alkali reserve
    • Alkalosis
    • Acidosis
  • Describe respiratory regulation of pH in the human body.
  • Describe how regulation of pH occurs in the kidneys.
  • Explain the affect of strenuous exercise on body pH.
  • Explain osmosis in a specific biological situation (of your choice).
  • Distinguish between diffusion and facilitated diffusion in the human body.
  • Explain how electrochemical forces maintain cellular equilibrium.
  • Explain how active transport mechanisms occur at a cellular level.
Course Info
How Do Our Tuition Fees Compare?
Course StartBegin your course at anytime.
Course Prerequisite None - Our course levels are an indication of the depth of learning you should receive. They do not describe the level of difficulty.
Course Qualification (Study Option A)Endorsed Qualification from TQUK - Training Qualifications UK, an Ofqual Approved Awarding Organisation - Completed written assignments, plus final exam (N.B. Some courses have Final Project alternative).
Course Qualification (Study Option B)Certificate of Attainment from ADL - Completed written assignments only - no final exam.
Comparative Credits InformationUK Course Credits: 10 - U.S. Credit Hours: 3 - when compared to regulated courses.
Course Duration and Deadlines100 hours approx. Course hours given are a guide only. Work at your own pace with no assignment deadlines or completion date. You are in control!
Study SupportPersonal tutor/mentor support from industry relevant professionals throughout your whole course. Mentors are contactable by e-mail, telephone and through the online classroom. They provide assistance with your course material, plus discuss, explain and give advice when needed.
Suitability for Self Employment and Small BusinessesN/A
Recognition of Your Course By EmployersWe aim to achieve the correct balance between your qualification being recognised and providing you with the in-depth learning, to empower you to succeed. Select study option A when enrolling, so an employer can check the status of the awarding organisation for your qualification on the Ofqual Register.
Recognition of Your Course By UniversitiesPrevious students have used their qualification to get into university. However each one will have its own entrance criteria and acceptance may also depend on your other qualifications and experience.
Designing Your Own QualificationBundle up your choice of related courses to form your own qualification. Choose from a Diploma (6 courses), Advanced Diploma (8 courses) and Higher Advanced Diploma (12 courses.
How Can I Enrol?Online via eCommerce, by completing our Online Application Form, or by calling us on +44 (0) 1227 789 649. Lines open 9am till 5pm Monday to Friday, excluding Bank Holidays and between Christmas and New Year.
How Can I Get a Pro-forma Invoice for my Employer?Contact us with details and we will email your employer an invoice. We will need: employer's name, address, telephone number, email address and contact name. We will also require your name, telephone number, email address, date of birth and the course and code you wish to enrol for.

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