Human Biology II - Muscles & Movement 100 Hours Certificate Course
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Human Biology II - Muscles & Movement 100 Hours Certificate Course
Human Biology II - Muscles & Movement course online. Learn about human muscles and their movement. This course describes why humans see, touch, smell, taste and hear the world around us like we do. Practical examples show how our body is able to move and how to improve flexibility, performance and posture. Get a better understanding of the operation of muscles and nerves, in movements and reactions observed in the body.
This course develops an understanding of the operation of muscles and nerves, in movements & reactions observed in the body. This course covers: nerves, the nervous system, motor skills, structure & function of skeletal muscle, muscular strength, endurance and flexibility.
Prerequisites: Human Biology IB or equivalent.
Learning Goals: Human Biology II - Muscles & Movement BSC202
- Explain how nerves cause reactions in the human body.
- Explain how the nervous system affects motor skill performance.
- Explain the function and structure of skeletal muscle in the human body.
- Describe the organisation of muscle tissue in the human body.
- Describe the mechanics of muscular movement.
- Explain development of muscular strength and muscular endurance.
- Selecting muscular flexibility exercises.
- Explain significance of muscles to posture and general well being
Lesson Structure: Human Biology II - Muscles & Movement BSC202
There are 8 lessons as follows:
1 How Nerves Work
- Structure of the Nervous System
- Cells of the nervous tissue
- Parts of a Neuron
- Classification of different Neurons
- Neuron Function
- Main anatomical features of Neurons
- How Muscles Work With Nerves
- Basic Body Functions
2 Nerves and Motor Skill
- The Nervous System
- Neural Circuits
- The Science of Motor Skills
- How Motor Skills Develop
- General Nervous System Physiology
- Homeostatic Reflex Arc
- The Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
- The Parts of the Brain That Controls Motor Skills
- Central Sensorimotor Programs
3 Skeletal Muscle
- The Skeleton
- How bones are formed
- The Anatomy of Bone
- Fractures and Fracture Healing
- Types of Bones
- Joints of Bones
- The Skeleton
- Skeletal Muscles
- Smooth Muscle
- Striated Voluntary Muscle
- Cardiac Muscle
- The Relationship Between the Muscles and the Skeleton
4 Muscle Organisation
- The Muscular System: Tendons, Deep fascia, Epimysium, Perimysium, Endomysium, Fascicle, Motor neuron, Blood vessels, Sarcolemma, Muscle fibre
- A Simple Version of how Muscles Move
- Muscle Types: Smooth muscle, Striated Voluntary Muscle, Cardiac Muscle, Skeletal Muscle Types
- Summary of "Selected" Skeletal Muscles
5 Muscular Movement
- Human Muscular Movement
- How Do Muscles Move?
- How Skeletal Muscles Produce Movement
- Origin and Insertion
- Group Actions
- Some Useful Definitions
- Muscle groups and movement: Facial Expression, Anterolateral Abdominal Wall, Breathing, Pelvic Floor, Hamstrings, Adductor Compartment of the Thigh, Feet, Shoulder, Arm, Hand
6 Muscular Development
- Muscular Bodily Function
- Energy Systems in the Human Body
- Sources of Energy in the form of ATP
- Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Respiration
7 Muscle Flexibility
- Muscles and Flexibility
- Excitation-contraction of muscle: Action Potential, Neurotransmitter Release, Binding, Calcium Release, Filament Binding, Muscle Contracting
- Different Levels of Flexibility: Dynamic, Static-active, Static-passive
- Influences of Flexibility: Internal Flexibility, External Flexibility
8 Muscles and Posture
- Gravity Support
- Net Movement
- Benefits of Posture
- Postural Mechanisms
- Slow and Fast Twitch Muscles
- Muscle strength and length
- Nervous system feedback on the body's position in space
- Listen to your body
- Ergonomics: Furniture Design, Computers, Making a Change
- Draw a cross section of the spinal cord, and label the anatomical parts.
- Explain what happens when an electrical stimulus is sent along the central nervous system, by illustrating and labelling the reflex arc.
- Explain nerve to nerve synapses, during a specific body movement.
- Explain activity at muscle-nerve junctions, during the specific body movement.
- Explain how proprioceptors function, during the specific body movement.
- Explain processes which occur in the nervous system, when a specific muscle moves.
- Explain the functioning of the following different sensory receptors:
- Distinguish between the functions of the following different neuroglia:
- Ependymal cells
- Satellite cells
- Explain how the function of different parts of the brain affect different specific muscular movements in the body.
- Explain how a specific voluntary skill is learnt by the body.
- Explain the dampening affect, as exerted through the cerebellum.
- Explain how the body perceives speed through the nervous system.
- Explain the operation of tendons, during a specific movement of a limb.
- Compare the function of motor with sensory fibres in nerves supplying muscles.
- Compare differences in the structural characteristics of red and white muscle fibres.
- Summarise events occurring during muscular contraction, at a microscopic level.
- Explain how muscles of the hand move when you pick up a tennis ball.
- Prepare diagrams showing the muscles in the back which provide both support and movement for the spinal column.
- Explain the significance of these muscles to health, wellbeing and mobility.
- Explain the principle of levers related to an observed muscular movement.
- Explain the principle of moments related to an observed muscular movement.
- Explain muscular movements which occur in the observed subjects, when using three different types of exercise machines.
- Explain three different body movements, in terms of the action of different bones, muscles and nerves; including the movement of a limb in exercise, and the bending of the back, and one hand movement.
- Distinguish between isotonic, isometric, eccentric and isokinetic contractions.
- List ways how strength can be maintained and increased.
- List ways how endurance can be maintained and increased.
- Explain three different physiological changes which accompany increased strength.
- Explain the overload principle, related to muscular development.
- Explain biological processes in force to effect strength and endurance in an athlete observed and interviewed by you.
- Compare static and dynamic flexibility, in an individual observed by you.
- Explain the structural limits to flexibility, in three different people of different ages.
- List ways of developing flexibility in a specific individual.
- Explain the relationship between flexibility and aspects of performance in a specific case study.
- Develop an exercise program to develop/maintain flexibility for a person.
- Submit photos together with comments on the posture of each person you studied. Comment on the age, sex &, occupation of each of these people.
- How might posture affect general well being, including arthritis and back pain.
- Explain how muscles of the hand move when you pick up a tennis ball.
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