Newsletter 2 August 2022: Be careful, there are seedy goings on!

Greenhouse Cut Flowers 100-Hour Certificate Course

Achieve fantastic flowers from greenhouse production! A course for commercial cut flower growers who are concerned exclusively with greenhouse production. International trade in cut flowers has grown over recent decades. In most countries, developed or in development, it is now possible to get the most popular types of cut flowers almost any time of the year. Learn how to maximise yield and prolong cut flowers for best results and profit.
There are 12 lessons:
  1. Introduction to Cut Flower Production
  2. Cultural Practices
  3. Flower Initiation & Development
  4. Pest & Disease Control
  5. Greenhouse Management A.
  6. Greenhouse Management B.
  7. Management, Harvest & Post Harvest
  8. Herbaceous Perennials
  9. Annuals & Biennials
  10. Bulbs, Corms, Tubers & Rhizomes
  11. Filler Plants
  12. Miscellaneous

The Meanings Behind Flowers

Humans have an uncanny and incredible capacity to attribute meaning to pretty much anything and teach that meaning to others. This ability to create a language from everyday items and symbols allowed the Victorians from the upper strata of society, who were taught expressing certain things by word improper, to make grand, intense declarations of love, hate, friendship or indifference via bouquets of flowers and herbs.

It was not proper, nor polite, to declare social war on another in speech. But it was perfectly acceptable to do so via a bouquet of Tansies. Could one tell the handsome gentleman one met at that dance they thought he was hot stuff and extremely eligible? Absolutely not! What kind of Victorian lady would stoop to such crass levels? No, the proper way to do so would be with a nosegay, perhaps with a big lavender or lilac rose in the middle, surrounded by pretty daisies and a few sprigs of myrtle. Depending on the dictionary the sender or receiver were using, they would discern a message of falling in love at first sight, innocent devotion and interest in marriage. That is, depending on how the nosegay was tied and then delivered… No-one said Floriography, the art of language via flowers, was simple to discern.

gentleman about to hand over a posie of herbs and flowers to waiting lady


While we associate herbs with bouquet garni more than a decorative bouquet, the Victorians used herbs to send messages too. Basil was so hated, that a bouquet with this fragrant herb was used to express how much the person receiving the bouquet was disdained.


Carnations, like roses, meant different things depending on their colour. A solid coloured carnation meant the answer was “yes”, unless it was yellow, in which case it meant the opposite. A striped one represented, “I’m sorry, I can’t be with you.” Pink Carnations sent someone the message “I will never forget you”. A lovely sentiment for a loved one who was going away on a long trip or moving away for good.


A yellow Iris represented passion. Otherwise, it could express faith, hope, wisdom or simply, “My compliments.”


Successfully growing these gorgeous flowers is a matter of pride among gardeners. With their glorious, big blooms and fragrant scent, no wonder they are popular bouquets. However,  for a Victorian, receiving a bouquet with Peonies meant the person who sent them to you harboured seething resentment against you.


Depending on the floriography dictionary used, receiving Petunias could either mean the person sending them was full of resentment against the receiver, or it could mean that the sender found the receiver’s presence soothing.


Rhododendrons were introduced in the UK around the 1700s before anyone knew they would become such a pest. The Victorians must have sensed the trouble they would cause because they mean “beware”.


Depending on the colour, roses could mean several things. A red rose still represents love. A white rose, favoured by brides, used to say indifference. Orange roses expressed desire and yellow joy and friendship.


A Tansy has a fluffy, yellow flower and is slightly sweet to look at. However, a Victorian sending these to someone meant they were entering strife with them.

Something to think about before November…

Looking for a challenge next month?  There’s always Movember coming up soon for those who fancy experimenting with their facial hair.  But for those who, for whatever reason, may have a problem growing a truly magnificent moustache (pretty much everyone then) or are simply facing more of a creative and mentally stimulating challenge you might consider Nanowrimo.

If you love to write, or are simply looking for an excuse to practice your skills and do something productive, National Novel Writing Month or Nanowrimo as it has come to be known, is always a fun event to take part in.  The premise is simple – before the month of November is up you need to write a 50,000 word novel.  The subject and topic of the book is completely up to you.  If you’ve ever felt you had a story inside you wanted to come out, it’s an excellent time to get involved in writing.

Though it’s called National Novel Writing Month and began in America, it has since expanded across the world with writers from all over participating and adding to their creations.  Some do it for charity, but many others simply do it for the challenge or desire to achieve something.  How you get your 50,000 words is entirely up to you.  You might spread it out, writing your quota every day or you may find you have to make time up on your days off due to your busy schedule.

To help aspiring writers, Nanowrimo runs numerous seminars, workshops and guides online.  They do this throughout the year, but especially during the challenge month to help motivate participants to complete their word count.  Additionally, as a worldwide thing, support groups of writers spring up all around the world, often meeting together in coffee shops and other places in the community to help motivate and help one another.  However, if you don’t want to get involved with the larger community that’s entirely fine too – the checking system for word counts is completely online and automated and, if you’re shy about anyone knowing what you’ve done, nobody need ever know – you can sign up anonymously.

Everyone who completes their word count prior to the 1st of December is considered to be a winner and entitled to download a certificate bearing the name of their novel provided by the Nanowrimo organisers. Something to show the world of your achievement.  Remember that it’s all about writing “A” novel, not “The” novel, and quality, thankfully, isn’t a concern (at least at this point).

Of course when quality is a concern you’ll need to get some training.  If, after participating in Nanowrimo, you find yourself bitten by the writing bug, you might want to explore the possibilities of finding work where your responsibility is to write, or perhaps even try to write a proper quality novel to sell.  Whether you want to write for children, the news or just improve your regular standard of writing, there is an ADL course to help you.

Interested participants for Nanowrimo have until the 31st of October to sign up.




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