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Beef Cattle 100 Hours Certificate Course
Learn About Beef Cattle
Beef Cattle course online. Develop your abilities to analyse and make decisions about the management requirements of beef cattle. This comprehensive distance learning course covers cattle breeds and breeding, diseases, feeding and nutrition.
You will also develop your skills in management (including feed lot and stud herd management), economics and marketing.
Lesson Structure: Beef Cattle
There are 10 lessons in this course
1 Introduction to Beef Production and Beef Cattle Breeds
- The role of beef cattle in agriculture
- Scientific classification
- Examples of breeds worldwide
- British Beef breeds - Angus, Hereford, South Devon, Sussex, Red Poll
- U.S. Developed Beef breeds - Santa Gertrudis, American Brahman, Amerifax, Beefmaster
- Eurpean Beef breeds - Salers, Charolais, Simmental, Gelbvieh
- Australian Beef breeds - Braford, Beefmaster, Droughtmaster, Murray Grey, Australian Lowline
- South African Beef Breeds - Salorn, Tswana, Tuli, Africkander,
- Breed selection considerations - horned vs poll, colour, gestation length, birth weight, mothering ability, post weaning growth, meat quality etc
2 Beef Cattle Production Systems
- Various systems of production - extensive, intensive, semi-intensive
- Choosing a suitable system - considerations include size, climate, soils, transport, markets etc
- Cattle handling facilities
- Materials used in cattle handling
- Cattle identification - branding, ear marking, tattooing, ear tags
- De-horning - chemical and mechanical methods
- Castration, dips and dipping, and injecting cattle
3 Beef Cattle Breeding
- Heritability, performance testing, progeny testing, selection
- Pure versus cross breeding - advantages and disadvantages
- Calving percentage
- Management factors to improve calving percentage
- Weaning calves
- Factors affecting calf weaning
- The anatomy of the male reproductive system
- The physiology of the male reproductive system
- Fertility problems in the male
- The anatomy and physiology of the female reproductive system
- Fertility problems
- Pregnancy and partition
- The structure of the mammary glands
- Secretion of milk
- Growth and development
- Post natal growth
- Compensatory growth
4 Diseases in Beef Cattle (Viral and Bacterial)
- Determining health status of the animal
- Signs of a healthy animal
- Causes of ill-health
- Injury, poor nutrition, poisoning, parasites, hereditary conditions etc
- Preventing ill-health
- Correct feed and nutrition, insect control, parasite control, vaccinations, control stress etc
5 Parasitic and Other Diseases in Beef Cattle
- Some parasitic diseases
- Other ailments of cattle - actinobacillosis, anaplasmosis, arthritis, beef measles
- poisoning, pink eye, milk fever, bloat etc
6 Nutrition for Beef Cattle
- Feed type - roughages and concentrates
- Carbohydrates, protein, fats
- Grass or grain feeding
- Rations for beef cattle - maintenance or production rations
- Maintenance rations
- Procedure for calculating a ration
- Supplementary feeding of protein
- Lot Feeding
- Common macromineral deficiencies
- Common trace mineral deficiencies
- Diagnosis of trace mineral deficiencies
- Water for farm animals
7 Commercial Herd Management
- The breeding herd
- Production systems
- Cow-calf herd
- Beef production systems using dairy stock
8 Feed Lot Management
- Lot feeding - types of feedlot
- Managing cattle in a feedlot
- Feedlot Records
- Article on pen feeding in South Africa
9 Stud Herd Management
- Time of calving
- Indicators of fertility in bulls
- Indicators of fertility in cows
10 Management, Economics and Marketing
- Factors affecting gross output
- Factors affecting variable costs
Learning Goals: Beef Cattle
- Describe the nature and scope of Beef Cattle Production
- Compare different beef production systems
- Discuss beef cattle breeding and its significance to production
- Develop a sound, but general introduction to animal health
- Describe significant parasites that infect cattle and determine appropriate management of these and related problems
- Recommend appropriate provision of feed for commercial beef production
- Develop a management strategy for a commercial beef herd
- Explain feed lot management for beef production
- Explain Stud herd management for beef production
- Determine significant management requirements for a beef production enterprise, in order to attain and sustain a viable economic performance
Practical (Set Tasks)
Practicals: Beef Cattle
Visit a range of enterprises which may include farms, agricultural shows, and suppliers of farm products in order to research, photograph, describe and specify facilities in the places visited as a basis, or part basis, of assignment questions;
- Identify beef cuts on a labelled diagram of a steer's body;
- Judge a beef animal according to commonly recognised commercial standards;
- Choose two breeds suitable for beef production in specified climates;
- Observe and report on common cattle husbandry tasks, including dehorning, castration, dipping, vaccination, and drenching;
- Explain methods that are used to control beef cattle movements;
- Prepare a production schedule or timetable of husbandry practices for a typical beef cattle property in your locality for a period of 12 months;
- Attempt to determine the nature and scope of beef cattle breeding in your state or country;
- Explain the differences between and advantages of pure breeding and cross breeding;
- Describe and explain management and other factors that can affect calving percentage and calf weaning;
- Visit a supplier of health care treatments for cattle to determine what products (eg. dips, medicines etc) are available;
- Describe a significant viral disease, including its identification, symptoms and control;
- Interview someone working in the industry to determine the significance and nature of disease problems in beef cattle;
- List parasites and related organisms that are significant to beef cattle in your region;
- Report on the preferred food requirements for beef cattle on a beef property you have visited;
- Explain common health problems affecting animals, including the circumstances under which animals contract health problems, and methods used to prevent the development of ill health.
- Analyse physical indicator symptoms of ill health in animals.
- Explain the diagnostic characteristics of the main types of animal pathogenic microorganisms.
- Explain the methods used in the treatment of pests and diseases in farm animals.
- Explain the role of inflammation, including it's symptoms and causes, in animals.
- Determine the taxonomic class of animal pests and diseases.
- Explain the biological processes which affect and control the immune system in animals.
- Explain the biological processes which affect and control tissue repair in animals.
- Determine procedures for the management of wounds to animals, on a farm.
- Explain the processes involved in cellular change in animals.
- Diagnose simple health problems in farm animals.
- Develop guidelines for assessing general signs of ill health in beef cattle. These guidelines should consider diseases and nutritional factors;
- List minimum equipment required to run a commercial beef cattle property. Equipment will include suitable machinery and tools;
- In table form (or chart), distinguish between bulls, heifers and calves;
- Describe three diseases affecting feedlot cattle;
- List criteria for selecting cattle for a feedlot and state what characteristics of the cattle should be considered;
- In table format with two columns, compare the management of beef cattle in feedlot with the management in a paddock;
- Explain in 500 words the management of a stud beef herd on a property you visited;
- Explain in 200 words the legal requirements and regulations concerning beef cattle;
- Distinguish the following terms of grades of beef: prime, choice, good, standard, utility.
Your learning experience with ADL will not only depend on the quality of the course, but also the quality of the person teaching it. This course is taught by Vicky Protopapadaki and your course fee includes unlimited tutorial support throughout. Here are her credentials:
MSc (Distinction) Applied Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare (University of Edinburgh), BSc Business Administration (University of the Aegean), Cert. Companion Animal Behaviour (University of Edinburgh ), Cert. Animal Use and Care (University of Prince Edward Island).
Vicky’s passion for animals led her to obtain her MSc in Applied Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare, despite her having a background in business and management. Apart from her personal experience with animals, she volunteers at various animal shelters around Greece and has done research on feline behaviour at the University of Prince Edward Island in Canada and on primate behaviour at Edinburgh Zoo. She is currently researching PhD opportunities in the field of animal ethics and studying entrepreneurship for the purpose of creating her own charity for animal protection in Greece.
Excerpt From The Course
CAUSES OF ILL HEALTH IN FARM ANIMALS
An injury can cause disease in two different ways:
- The animal may be injured in a way that it cannot function properly. The injury might be localised (eg. a bruise or lameness, which can be treated and put right fairly easily); or it may be severe (eg. a broken leg, which could require the animal to be destroyed). In general, treating serious injuries is a matter of economics on the farm. If the cost of treatment is greater than the value of the animal, then the animal may be best destroyed.
- The injury may cause tissues to be exposed through wounds, which subsequently become infected by bacteria and other organisms. Examples of such diseases include blood poisoning, septic wounds, gangrene and tetanus (lockjaw).
Poisons cause chemical processes to occur inside the animal, which lead to degeneration and death of body cells. There are two types of poisons:
- Those present in plants eaten by animals. Some weeds which grow in pasture can be a problem (eg. Patterson’s Curse and other weeds can change the flavour of milk, affecting its market value).
- Those which are chemicals (eg. pesticides) which contaminate the animal by accident.
In some cases, an excess of a useful mineral (eg. iron, fluorine, sulphur or selenium) can cause poisoning.
Assessment is based on a combination of completing all assignments and sitting for a final short one and a half hour exam, in your own location.
If you don’t cope well with exams then you may elect to undertake a project instead. This is a popular option.
In addition, most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson placed before the assignment. This is an opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge and skills and practical experience. This ADL feature is an added bonus not found at most online schools. Set Tasks are not required for assessment.
Some courses also have optional Self-Tests which are available on our online learning platform. These are not available by correspondence or by USB, and do not form part of your overall grade.
How our courses work
- Choose Your Learning Method
You choose how you would like to receive your course material, i.e., Online, USB or Correspondence. The choice is yours. You may also work on online or offline.
- Tutor Allocation
Every student is assigned their own dedicated tutor who is an expert in their subject area. They provide as much or as little individual contact as you require. You can contact your tutor whenever you need – your hours are not limited.
- Feedback and Assignments
Tutor Feedback is an essential component in helping you understand the subject matter. Tutor feedback is given in the form of notes written on the assignment. We encourage you to contact your Tutor where help with clarification and understanding of course material may be required.
Your assignments are located at the end of each lesson. You submit them for marking whenever you are ready. There is no time limit.
- Set Tasks and Self-Tests
Most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson before for the assignment. This is where you get the opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge, skills and practical experience. Many modules also have short Self-Tests.
Once all assignments have been completed you may then elect to sit for a one and half hour exam in your own location. If you prefer not to take the exam you do have the option to undertake a project instead.
Once the exam or project part of the course is completed, your Certificate is then processed. Please allow approximately 4 weeks for this.
- Design Your Own Qualification
ADL offers students the flexibility to self-design their own qualification – bundling together a combination of 100-hour modules into a qualification higher than a certificate.
What your tuition fees include
- All Course Material via Online, USB or Correspondence
- Assignments Marked
- Professional Tutor Feedback
- Set Tasks - Practical Exercises to help you develop skills
- Self-Tests – multiple choice questions at the end of lessons in most modules
- Unlimited Personal Tutor Support – via our student classroom
- Committed and Friendly Admin Support – vital to your success
- ADL Ebook where relevant
- All ADL Exam or Project fees (exception RHS exams)
- Qualification Certificate
- Official Transcript with assignment grades
- Student Manual
- Academic Writing course (optional - 10 hours only)
- Critical Thinking course (optional - 10 hours only)
- Job Seekers Careers Guide
- Study Tips on How To Study Better
- Career Counselling by ADL Staff
- CV Writing Help, Tips and Advice