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Dairy Cattle 100 Hours Certificate Course
Learn About Dairy Cattle
Dairy Cattle course online. Learn to independently analyse and make decisions about the management requirements of dairy cattle:comparing dairy breeds, managing anything from one cow to a large herd, and producing dairy products (milk, cheese, cream butter etc).
This is a very sound foundation course developed in collaboration with industry and by our team of experts (agricultural and animal scientists, veterinary surgeons etc).
This is a very practical foundation course; providing unique and extensive support from university qualified and industry experienced experts. If you want to learn about dairy cattle and their management, this is the course for you.
Lesson Structure: Dairy Cattle BAG205
There are 9 lessons as follows:
1 Dairy Breeds
- Dairy Breeds: Choosing a Dairy Breed
- Comparison of Dairy Breeds: The Ayrshire, The Guernsey, The Jersey, Holstein – Friesian, Brown Swiss, Milking or Dairy Shorthorn
- Score Card: General Appearance, Dairy Character, Udder
2 Dairy Products
- Milk: The Composition of Milk, The percentage breakdown of the composition of milk, Protein, Lactose, Ash
- Factors Affecting the Composition of Milk: Feed, Weather, Stages of Milking, Incomplete Milking, Frequency of Milking, Disturbance, Dipping, Individuality of the Cow, Breed, Course of Lactation, Gestation, Age of the Cow, Oestrus and Gestation, Disease
- Milk: Oxidation, Lipolysis
3 The Lactation Cycle
- The Lactation Cycle
- The Influence of the Farmer on Lactation
- Is Every Cow in My Herd Producing to its Genetic Potential?: Infertile Cows, Feeding, The Milking Shed
- Planning for Feed-Flow: Climate, Soil Type, Irrigation, Aspect, Slope, Natural pastures, Management, Present Feed Flow
- Planning the New Feed-Flow Program
4 Pests & Diseases of Dairy Cattle
- Mastitis: Types of Mastitis, Mastitis-Causing Organisms, Contagious Bacteria, Environmental Mastitis Organisms
- Mastitis Detection - Cell Counts: Mastitis Control, Effective Shed or Parlour Routine, Milking Equipment, Treating Mastitis
- Correct Treatment Techniques
- Dry Cow Therapy: Difficulties of treating lactating cows, Drying off - the danger period
- The Five-Point Plan Against Mastitis
- Viral & Bacterial Diseases in Cattle: Signs of Health in Cattle, Other signs which should be noted
- Disease Types in Cattle
- Viral Diseases
- Bacterial Diseases
- Parasitic Diseases
- Protozoal Diseases
- Other Diseases: Screw Worm, Ophthalmia
5 Feeding Dairy Cattle
- Feeding the Dairy Cow: Working out Dairy Rations, Maintenance Requirements for a Dairy Cow, Production Requirements, Working out the Total Needs of a Dairy Cow, Feeding a Ration to Meet the Nutrient Needs, Roughage, Concentrate Foods
- The Dairy Ration
- Working Out the Cost of Dairy Rations
- Model Answers to Dairy Feed Exercise
6 Managing Dairy Cattle
- The Dairy Heifer
- Managing the Heifer: Growth, Measuring Growth, Why emphasise growth?
- Feeding the Heifer: Factors Affecting Growth
- Age of Breeding: Effect of Early Breeding on Size of Animals, The Effect of Early Calving on Milk Production
- The Dairy Cow: Management of the Dairy Cow, Factors Affecting the General Health of a Cow
- Factors Affecting Milk Yield: Lactation Curve, Breed, Milking Frequency, Age, Milkings, Season, Heat Stress, Feeding
7 Breeding Dairy Cattle
- Selection: Animal Breeding Programs, Have a Clear Aim, Decide on your priorities, Dual Purpose Animals
- Artificial Selection: Understanding The Sire, Selection Intensity, The Generation Interval, The Heritability, Selection for Milk Yield, Gene Groups
- Selection Using Family Groups
- Disadvantages of Inbreeding
- Performance Testing: Sib Testing, Progeny Testing, Contemporary Comparisons and Relative Breeding Values (R.B.V.), Relative Breeding Value (R.B.V.)
- Artificial Insemination: The Technique of Artificial Insemination, Synchronised Heats
- Ova Transplants
8 Managing Dairy Facilities
- The Dairy
- Basic Requirements of All Dairies: Siting of Dairy Premises, The Milking Shed, The Dairy Room and Wash-up Room, Milkers' Wash Room and Lavatory, Water Supply, Drainage, Equipment
- Cooling of Milk
- Machine Milking: Planning a Milking Machine System, Reasons for Using Milking Machines
- Components of a Milking Machine: The Vacuum Pump, Teat Cups and Liners (Inside the Clusters), Claw-piece or Beaker-cup, Cluster, Pulsator, Vacuum Controller, Sanitary Trap, Releaser, Pipelines
- Choosing a System
- Different Types of System: Normal Cowshed, Abreast Milking Shed, Turntable Milking, Open Sided Shed
- Other Considerations: Handling facilities, Computers
- Four Essential Points When Choosing a Milking System: Vacuum Stability, Udder Stimulation, Milk Quality, Emergency Facilities
9 Dairy Business Planning
- Economics of Dairying
- Business Plan Example
- Break-Even Production
- When Fodder is Bought In
- What is a Heifer Calf Worth at Birth?
- How Long a Cow (That is Not In Calf) Should Be Kept
- Months to Wait
Learning Goals: Dairy Cattle BAG205
- Select appropriate dairy breeds for different farming situations.
- Describe the different characteristics, including their nature and scope, of dairy products.
- Explain the management of the lactation cycle in dairy cattle, on a farm property.
- Manage general husbandry operations for the dairy cow.
- Manage the wellbeing of a dairy cow, including consideration of its health and vigour, to optimise quality and quantity of production.
- Explain the significance of animal breeding programs for milk production.
- Explain the management of the facilities, including buildings and machinery, at a farm dairy.
- Develop a business plan for the management of a dairy property.
Practical (Set Tasks)
- Distinguish between three different breeds of dairy cattle, which are either significant in the learner's locality, or have potential in the learner's locality, including: size, appearance, preferred conditions, milk, cost per head
- Evaluate the suitability of three different dairy cattle breeds to a specified property, in a locality with which the learner is familiar.
- Select three appropriate dairy cattle breeds for each of four specified situations, with regard to: pasture varieties, climatic conditions (eg. temperature and weather patterns), locality, market requirements for the product
- Judge a dairy cow, using a standard score card, such as the dairy cow unified score card produced (and revised in 1982) by the Purebred Dairy Cattle Association.
- List the different dairy products which are commonly available, in the learner's locality.
- Describe the composition of milk, with reference to different characteristics, including: Economics of Dairying, bacteria count, chemical impurities, somatic cell count, added water, flavour
- Explain the different types of flavours in milk, referring to both cause and prevention factors, and using relevant terminology, including: feed, rancid, flat, unclean, foreign, salt, acid, oxidised flavours
- Explain how milk composition can affect its use for different purposes.
- Explain how milk is processed, on a property visited by the learner, including the process of pasteurisation (sanitisation).
- Explain how cheese is made, on a specific property.
- Explain how yoghurt is made, on a specific property.
- Explain how milk is processed to obtain cream, at a typical dairy.
- Describe the lactation cycle of a dairy cow.
- List the farm husbandry factors which can influence the lactation cycle.
- Explain how three different variations in a cow's diet may affect lactation.
- Prepare a plan for a feed flow program to support milk production on a specified property.
- Produce a log book record of management tasks carried out, over a period of 1 month, to control the lactation cycle in dairy cattle on a specified property.
- Milk a cow, verifying the proper undertaking of the task.
- List the routine husbandry tasks carried out on different dairy cows, including those in milk and those that are dry.
- Explain the routine husbandry tasks carried out on two different types of dairy cows, including those in milk and those that are dry.
- Compare the management of heifers with that of milking cows on a specified dairy farm.
- Describe the management of dairy cattle for meat production on a specified dairy farm.
- Evaluate a production system on a dairy farm, in a locality familiar to the learner.
- List the pests and diseases that are significant for dairy cattle in the learner's locality.
- Develop a checklist for the signs of ill health, which should be routinely checked, in dairy cattle.
- Describe three significant pests or diseases of dairy cattle, including mastitis.
- Explain treatments for three different pests or diseases in dairy cattle.
- Explain the irregularities which can occur in the functioning of the digestive system of dairy cattle.
- Distinguish between a maintenance ration and production ration for a dairy cow.
- Explain the nutritional requirements of a typical dairy cow on a specific property.
- Calculate the rations for a dairy cow in accordance with specified characteristics, including: weight, quantity of milk being produced, butterfat concentration,
- Prepare a collection of pasture plant species from two different dairy properties, and including: samples of plants (ie. pressings of different plants in the pasture), comments on the suitability of the pasture for dairy cattle.
- Produce a twelve month plan to manage the vigour of dairy cattle, on a specified property, which includes: a list of disease management procedures, feed program variations throughout the year
- Explain a breeding program in use for dairy herd improvement on a specified property.
- Explain the artificial insemination methods used with dairy cattle on a specified property.
- List the criteria for selecting cattle for a dairy breeding program, in a locality which is familiar to the learner.
- Plan a hypothetical breeding program, to improve milk quality and production for dairy cattle.
- List the minimum physical facilities required for a viable dairy farm.
- List factors affecting the siting of a dairy on a farm.
- Prepare a plan for the construction of dairy facilities on a specified site, including: sketch or concept plans of buildings, fencing surrounding buildings, and interior layout, a list of materials, including types and quantities required for construction, a list of equipment to be installed, a schedule of construction tasks
- Develop a profile of an ideal dairy farm site.
- Select the machinery needed to operate a specified, hypothetical dairy farm.
- Develop a maintenance program for dairy farm machinery, on a farm investigated by the learner.
- Explain the operation of typical milking machinery.
- Explain the significance of farm water to the operation of a dairy farm.
- Develop procedures for control of goods on a typical dairy farm, including: ordering, receipt, dispatch
- Explain two different ways to manage waste effluent from a typical dairy.
- Develop guidelines for safe working practices at a typical dairy farm.
- Explain legal requirements which are relevant to a dairy farm in a specified location.
- Report on research, conducted by the learner from an information search, into innovations in the dairy industry.
- Report on the implementation of recent innovations in the dairy industry.
- List factors affecting profitability of a dairy property.
- Explain factors affecting the cost of dairy production on a specified farm.
- Write a job specification for one member of staff on a specific dairy property.
- Develop criteria for assessing the management of a dairy property.
- Prepare or evaluate a dairy farm budget for a specified property.
- Prepare or evaluate a dairy farm financial report for a specified property.
- Analyse marketing systems for marketing dairy products produced by a specified enterprise.
- Explain factors affecting sales of dairy products on a specified farm.
- Describe the selection and preparation of dairy cattle for sale in the learner's locality.
- Develop a marketing plan for a specified dairy product which addresses: product presentation, delivery of product, promotions, customer relations
- Develop a business plan for a specified dairy property.
- Describe how the sale of dairy meat can be managed, in accordance with a business plan, while adhering to relevant regulations.
Assessment is based on a combination of completing all assignments and sitting for a final short one and a half hour exam, in your own location.
If you don’t cope well with exams then you may elect to undertake a project instead. This is a popular option.
In addition, most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson placed before the assignment. This is an opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge and skills and practical experience. This ADL feature is an added bonus not found at most online schools. Set Tasks are not required for assessment.
Some courses also have optional Self-Tests which are available on our online learning platform. These are not available by correspondence or by USB, and do not form part of your overall grade.
How our courses work
- Choose Your Learning Method
You choose how you would like to receive your course material, i.e., Online, USB or Correspondence. The choice is yours. You may also work on online or offline.
- Tutor Allocation
Every student is assigned their own dedicated tutor who is an expert in their subject area. They provide as much or as little individual contact as you require. You can contact your tutor whenever you need – your hours are not limited.
- Feedback and Assignments
Tutor Feedback is an essential component in helping you understand the subject matter. Tutor feedback is given in the form of notes written on the assignment. We encourage you to contact your Tutor where help with clarification and understanding of course material may be required.
Your assignments are located at the end of each lesson. You submit them for marking whenever you are ready. There is no time limit.
- Set Tasks and Self-Tests
Most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson before for the assignment. This is where you get the opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge, skills and practical experience. Many modules also have short Self-Tests.
Once all assignments have been completed you may then elect to sit for a one and half hour exam in your own location. If you prefer not to take the exam you do have the option to undertake a project instead.
Once the exam or project part of the course is completed, your Certificate is then processed. Please allow approximately 4 weeks for this.
- Design Your Own Qualification
ADL offers students the flexibility to self-design their own qualification – bundling together a combination of 100-hour modules into a qualification higher than a certificate.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Due to our years of experience and wide range of online courses, here are a list of our FAQs and Answers asked by Students.
Q. Do I need to buy text books?
A. No, you are not required to purchase expensive text books for any of our courses, since each module has been written by highly qualified tutors and writers, and our courses are updated on a regular basis, adding new information, methods and knowledge. You are supplied with all “essential” references. Extra books are always useful though, especially for special projects. Tutors will advise you what to buy if you decide you would like to have extra reading material, but it is not essential. Check out our eBookstore if you’re looking for a starting point.
Q. What sets the Academy apart from other institutions?
A. A unique feature of our courses is that we combine knowledge of the subject matter with practical tasks (set tasks, found at the end of each lesson). So you get to do practical components in each lesson. The benefits of this approach are immense: – your skills and knowledge are developed to a much higher level not normally found at other distance learning institutions.
Q. How do the practical exercises (set tasks) work?
A. The practical component of each lesson can be in the form of : Field Research, Networking and Analysis, Conducting Surveys, Growing, Collecting, Photographing and Processes.
Q. Can I pay by instalments?
A. Yes, you can view all available payment options here.
Q. Are there any hidden costs?
A. There are no hidden extras – the tuition fee covers all course material, unlimited tutor support, assignment marking/feedback and any text books where specified and exams. The only extras are for the public examinations fees for the ICB Bookkeeping course and the RHS (Royal Horticulture Society) exams.
Q. Are your courses up-to date?
A. Our courses are continually updated. The course content is rapidly updated and improved without the red tape and bureaucracy experienced at other educational institutions.
Q. Do you have a Cancellation policy?
A. We have a cancellation policy that is fair and equitable. For further details please click here.
Q. What Recognition do you have?
A. The Academy for Distance Learning has various forms of recognition:
These include TQUK (Training Qualifications UK) – an Ofqual Awarding Organisation – ADL is an approved TQUK Centre.
IARC – International Approval Registration Centre, approved member. Accredited Training Provider for ICB (Institute of Certified Bookkeepers) and Approved Distance Learning Provider for the RHS (Royal Horticultural Society) and many more. Our graduates come from many parts of the world and have used our qualifications for successful employment and progression onto higher education. To view our full list of recognition and memberships please click here,
Q. Will I have any opportunity to engage with other students?
A. We have a Student Community group based on facebook! If you don’t have a facebook account already, you could make one just for talking with fellow students on the group.
Q. Why should I enrol with the Academy for Distance Learning?
A. Here at the Academy our students are our priority – we treat every student as a unique individual. This philosophy allows us to nurture those who are “slow and steady” learners rather than letting them fall through the cracks, while catering for those who are in a hurry to complete.
Q. Can I study from anywhere in the world?
A. Our courses are available to anyone, anywhere in the world from the comfort of your own home. The course content is relevant to any country, culture or economy.
Q. Completing the course- how long will it take?
A. Completion of modules varies from student to student. Many factors come into play such as work commitments and family life- there are always distractions. Some students work quicker than others. For a 100 hour module many students will take up to 3- 6 months, others take less time and some are even longer. It’s all up to you. There is no pressure to complete or deadline to finish. Naturally, longer courses will take more time.
Q. What learning formats are there?
A. Your enrollment comes with the Online Classroom study option by default. For a small additional cost you also have the options of USB or Correspondence.
USB: Your course is sent to you on a USB stick, so that you can carry it in your pocket. Ideal for those with unreliable internet connections. This option is an additional £5/module
Correspondence: You download the course content and then print your own copy to your requirements. You can then bind the lessons to suit your needs.
Q. Assessment – how does it work?
A. For each 100 hour module you are assessed by assignments (at the end of each lesson) and a final one and a half hour exam (or you may elect to complete a project instead of sitting the exam) – the choice is yours – you sit for the exam in your own location, or you can visit us in Canterbury, England to sit the exam if want to. Exam fees are included in the tuition fee you paid. You can read more about the examination process here. At the end of each lesson, there is an assignment. You submit it to the academy who then submits it to the tutor for marking, comments and feedback. Our policy is to have a grade for you within 5 to 7 days.
Q. How many assignments do I need to complete for each module?
A. At the end of each lesson, there is an assignment – so if a course has say, 10 lessons there would be 10 assignments. The number of lessons per module varies from module to module. See the course content from our website for further details.
Q. When do I have to hand in my first assignment?
A. There is no deadline for handing in the first assignment. Submit when you are ready. There are some students who hand in assignments within the first couple of weeks of enrolment – while there are others who submit their work 6 months later. It’s all at your own convenience to suit you. Everyone has different work and home commitments and we cater to these needs.
Q. I am having difficulty attending workshops/industry meetings, what can be done?
A. If your course requires attendance at workshops, conferences, or industry meetings; alternative arrangements can be made in your country; however, there may be an additional expense. We can appoint an appropriately qualified person anywhere to work through curriculum documentation supplied by us, to satisfy the requirements set down in a course.
Q. What qualification will I receive?
A. For individual modules, you would receive a Certificate (providing you complete all assignments and the exam). If you just want to complete the assignments only, then a Letter of Achievement would be awarded. For more details on qualifications awarded please click here.
Q. Is there a next level to progress to?
A. Yes – you can progress from one module to a combination of many modules and to higher qualifications i.e. Advanced Certificates, Diplomas and Higher Advanced Diplomas. Read more about course levels here.
Q. Can I customize my diploma/higher qualification?
A. Not all educational institution’s certificates /diplomas meet everyone’s needs. The opportunity to design your own diploma at the Academy (subject to our approval) is an added bonus, not found at other colleges. It’s a very popular option and widely used by many students. You quite simply choose the appropriate number of related modules needed to complete the qualification and submit them to us for approval as a custom diploma.
Q. What do I get when I complete the course? Will I receive a transcript?
A. At the completion of a 100-hour Certificate course and providing all assignments and exam have been completed, you will receive a Certificate and Transcript. The Transcript will list your GPA. Each 100-hour module is worth 3 credit hours.
Q. Do I have to sit for an exam?
A. Exams are optional but need to be undertaken in order to receive the Certificate or higher qualification. Exams are one and a half hours long. You appoint an adjudicator (subject to our approval) to supervise the exam. You sit for the exam in your own location. Its that simple.
Q. I don’t cope well with exams – what can I do?
A. If you feel you don’t cope well with exams you may elect to undertake a Project (set by the tutor) instead of sitting the exam. Many students prefer this option as they find researching the material for the project sharpens their research skills.
Q. If I don’t sit for the Exam do I still get a qualification?
A. If you don’t sit for the exam but complete the project alternative, you will still receive your endorsed qualification. If you don’t sit for an exam or complete a final project, providing you have completed all the assignments you will be awarded a Certificate of Achievement.
Q. Do I have to sit for the exam at the Academy?
A. No – whilst you are more than welcome to come to our location in Canterbury, U.K. and sit the exam in our classroom; the more popular option is to sit for the exam in your own location. You appoint an adjudicator to supervise the exam. Click here for more information on that process.
Q. Our tutors – who are they?
A. We only employ tutors who have are currently active in their industry with at least 5 years of real-world experience. Not only are they highly qualified but also experienced, knowledgeable, and professional- experts in their chosen fields from all parts of the world.
Q. Can I contact my tutor at any time?
A. Yes- you have unlimited access to tutors. We strongly encourage students to develop a dialogue with their Tutor. This is why we encourage students to submit their first assignment fairly quickly at the beginning of the course.
Every Academy student is assigned a tutor who supports you throughout your course and beyond. Your tutor is there to guide and facilitate your learning and provides as much or as little individual contact as you would like. When you submit your coursework the tutor will give you feedback that helps you develop your ideas and provides motivation. For those who do like to have interaction with other students, the ADL discussion forum connects you to students from all over the world.
Q. How do I contact my tutor?
A. You have direct contact with your tutor by email through the Online Classroom. Alternatively, you can write, fax, email, or phone the academy. Leave a message if your tutor isn’t available and they will phone, write or fax back; whatever suits you.
Q. If I don’t understand a question or a lesson may I contact the tutor?
A. You may contact a tutor as often as you like. There is no additional charge or restriction on this service. Contact can be made via the Student Zone, email, or by phone.
Q. Practical work – How is this done?
A. To find out more about this part of the course please visit the section on How Our Courses Work here.
What your tuition fees include
There are no hidden extras
FAQ - RHS Theory Qualifications
If you require further details about any of the RHS industry recognised qualifications please, call one of our friendly RHS Course Advisors on +44 (0)1227 789 649 or email: [email protected]
Q: When can I Enrol/Start My RHS Course With ADL?
A: Anytime, Anywhere. There are no enrolment deadlines.
Q: I live Overseas. Can I Study From Overseas?
A: You can study any of the RHS theory qualifications overseas. All courses are offered in English. You will need to email RHS Qualifications direct to arrange sitting for your examination overseas.
Q: Is There a Time Limit for Completing an RHS Qualification?
A: At present there are no time limits. However, RHS is contemplating in the future, the introduction of course time-lines.
Q: Are There Any Entry Requirements (Pre-Requisites)?
A: The RHS Theory courses do not require prerequisites, previous experience or any knowledge of horticulture. You just need passion for all things horticulture.
Q: What Course Should I Start With First? I Am New To RHS Qualifications.
A: We highly recommend that you start with Level 2 – Principles of Garden Planning, Establishment and Maintenance.
Q: What Does ADL Course Material Include?
A: Includes Power Point Presentations, Videos and written course lessons.
Q: When Do Exams Take Place?
A: Exams are held on fixed dates in February and June of each year. You should register as a candidate at least 3 months before these dates, so please do not leave exam registration to the last minute
Q: Where Do I Take My Exams?
A: UK: You take the exams at the RHS Wisley Centre, located between Cobham and Ripley in Surrey or at other authorised RHS centres around the UK.
Overseas: please email RHS qualifications direct for centre information.
Q: Exam Pass Marks?
A: Module – pass 50%. Commendation 70%.
Qualification: 50% pass for all modules.
Commendation awarded for all modules.
Each question carries a value of 10 marks.
Q: I’m Not Happy With My Exam Results?
A: You have the opportunity to re-sit your exam at the next opportunity.
There are no restrictions on the number of re-sits you can take. The highest mark you achieve will remain.,