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Poultry 100 Hours Certificate Course
Learn About Poultry
Poultry Course Online – A Certificate course where you’ll learn to successfully manage your poultry either for commercial or domestic purposes.
This online home study course will teach you to manage poultry on a small or large scale, and for the production of eggs, meat, and young birds.
You will become skilled in all aspects of POULTRY CARE and MANAGEMENT, including terminology, breeds, nutrition, disease, layers, broilers, incubation, brooding, record-keeping, economics, and marketing.
This online Poultry course is relevant to free-range or other forms of production and may be studied for commercial or domestic purposes.
If your goal is to enter the poultry industry or start your own commercial poultry business or simply learn more about poultry as a hobby, this Certificate course will equip you with the necessary knowledge and skills needed for these purposes.
When You Complete This Poultry Course!
As you progress through this poultry course, you will develop a level of expertise and insight into how chickens, ducks, geese and other kinds of poultry, are raised and managed successfully.
Also, your knowledge of the wide variety of breeds and the numerous ways to keep poultry will help you in your assessment of what breeds will best suit your circumstances.
If you are a recreational poultry breeder this course will help you raise your birds more productively; and as a skilled and expert poultry farmer, your poultry knowledge will be at such a professional level, that you will be able to advise others about how to be a more productive poultry farmer.
The Value of this Course is Ideal for:
• Anyone: who wants to breed a small number of birds at home, as pets, and for eggs.
• Poultry Breeders: sellers of bird supplies, who provide feed, coops or other poultry facilities to poultry holders.
• Professionals: veterinary assistants, wanting to expand their knowledge of poultry.
• Anyone: with enthusiasm for all things poultry, or commercial interest in poultry breeding.
Poultry Association Memberships
Passionate about Poultry, then you might like to join any of the following Poultry associations. Membership in Industry Associations is usually a good reference source for what is happening in the industry.
The British Poultry Council
The Poultry Club
The British Hen Welfare Trust
If you would like to know more about this course please contact a Course Advisor on
+44 (0)1227 789 649. (9am – 4.30pm London time)
Lesson Structure: Poultry BAG208
There are 8 lessons:
- Introduction, Terminology and Breeds
- History of Poultry
- Contract Growing
- Management Factors
- Small Scale Production
- Classifying Fowls (Egg Laying Breeds, Meat or Table Birds, Dual Purpose Breeds)
- Cross Breed Poultry
- Sex Linkage
- Skeletal System
- Poultry Husbandry (Stock Selection, Feeding, Watering, Housing, Health)
2 Poultry Nutrition
- Digestive System (Gullet, Crop, Proventriculus, Gizzard, Intestine, Caecum, etc)
- Nutrient Sources (Carbohydrate, Protein, Minerals etc)
- The End Product
- Modern Feed Requirements
- Phase Feeding
- Limited Feeding
- Consumption Feeding
- Avoiding Stress
- Viral diseases
- Bacterial diseases
- Mycoplasmosis, fungal and protozoan disease
- Non-infectious diseases
- Extensive (free-range) System
- Semi-Intensive System
- Intensive Systems
- Deep Litter System
- Battery Units
- Feeding the Laying Hen
- Replacing the Flock
- Brooding Period
- Feeding Broilers (Starter Period, Finisher Period)
- Hygeine and Health
- The natural method (using broody hens)
- The artificial method (using incubators)
- Selecting Eggs
- Storing Hatching Eggs
- Turning Eggs
- Managing a Incubator (Temperature, Humidity, Testing, Hatching)
- Reasons for Poor Hatchability
- The canopy brooder
- The infra-red lamp
- The battery brooder
- The haybox brooder
- Floor Space
- Problems during rearing
8 Record Keeping, economics and Marketing
- Growth Records
- Egg Production records
- Small Scale Business
- Compatible Ventures (Manure, etc)
- Preparing a Farm Business plan
- Land Management
- Analyzing the Market place
- Developing a Marketing Plan
Learning Goals: Poultry BAG208
- Select appropriate poultry breeds for use in different production situations.
- Explain the techniques used in the management of condition, including both feeding, and pest and disease control, of poultry.
- Explain the management of poultry as layers.
- Explain the procedures for the management of poultry as broilers.
- Explain the techniques used in the management of poultry incubation.
- Explain the management of brooding poultry.
- Develop management strategies for a poultry business.
Practical (Set Tasks)
- Distinguish between cross bred and pure bred poultry, being grown in your locality.
- Categorise different breeds of poultry, including ducks, geese, chickens and turkeys; into groups, including:
- Egg laying bird
- Meat/Table birds
- Dual purpose breeds.
- Explain the advantages of cross breeding poultry for two different specified purposes.
- Label the parts of a chicken on a supplied unlabelled illustration.
- Evaluate ten different poultry breeds to determine the most suitable breeds for three different specified purposes.
- Label on an unlabelled illustration, the parts of the digestive tract of a fowl.
- Describe the function of different parts of the digestive system of poultry.
- List the dietary sources of different nutrients for poultry.
- Describe the function of five different ingredients in specified poultry feeds.
- Explain how rations of feed are determined for poultry.
- Describe the feeding of poultry stock in a specified situation.
- Describe possible dietary disorders in poultry.
- Describe commercially significant pests and diseases in poultry.
- Explain the treatment of six different pests and diseases in poultry.
- Describe a poultry vaccination program for a specified property.
- Explain the techniques for, and the value of, quarantine procedures for poultry.
- Compare extensive (free range), semi-intensive and intensive production systems, in terms of:
- production cost
- product quality product quantity.
- Describe different housing requirements for poultry.
- Explain a commercially viable method of collecting eggs, used on a specific poultry farm.
- Explain three procedures used in an egg production system which are critical to the efficient operation of a specified farm.
- Develop a production plan for laying poultry, which includes details of;
- birds required
- facilities required
- materials needed
- a schedule of husbandry tasks
- cost estimates.
- Describe the brooding period for a typical fowl, on a specified property.
- Explain how brooders are successfully fed, on a specific property visited by you.
- Explain appropriate housing for broilers being provided at a poultry farm, as observed by you.
- Explain how hygiene and health are managed in a broiler production system, as observed by you.
- Evaluate the successful management of broilers in a specified situation.
- Describe daily routine tasks carried out in farming of broilers at a poultry farm visited by you.
- Describe the process of incubation, as observed by you on a poultry farm.
- Compare natural with artificial incubation methods, to determine appropriate applications for each type.
- List criteria for selecting eggs for incubation in a specified situation.
- List five different reasons for poor hatchability.
- Compare two different incubator designs with respect to cost and application.
- Describe the management of a specific incubator which the learner has inspected.
- Describe the characteristics which distinguish brooding poultry from other poultry.
- Explain how to create an appropriate brooding environment for a specific situation.
- Compare different types of brooders.
- Describe the operation of different brooding equipment.
- Prepare a timetable of husbandry tasks from hatching to maturity for a brooding fowl.
- Explain problems that may occur during rearing, including:
- Develop a checklist for monitoring the condition of a brooding fowl.
- List records which should be kept by a poultry farmer.
- Analyse purchasing procedures for routine supplies, used by a specified poultry farm.
- Explain the value of different records kept by a poultry farmer, including:
- growth records
- egg production records.
- List the minimum machinery required for a specified poultry enterprise.
- Calculate the cost of production, showing a breakdown of the costs, of one marketable produce item in a small poultry business.
- List factors which may be critical to successful marketing for a poultry farm.
- Explain any legal requirements which apply to a specified poultry enterprise.
- List poultry products being marketed in your locality.
- Write a job specification for one member of staff on a poultry property.
- Prepare a report on innovations in the poultry industry being used in your locality.
- Develop a detailed poultry production plan.
- Describe a successful marketing strategy employed by one supplier of poultry products in your locality.
- Recommend an innovative approach to marketing for a poultry enterprise which you are familiar with.
- Match credit to business needs of a poultry farm to develop the most suitable strategy for the enterprise.
Laying hens are kept in flocks made up of only a few hens to many thousands. Because of this variation in the size of the units and the various preferences of the market, there are a number of systems for housing a flock. The various systems include:
• Extensive (free-range)
THE EXTENSIVE SYSTEM
The extensive system of poultry production (commonly known as “free-range”) is based on the practice of allowing the bird access to foraging areas outside the poultry house. This system was widely practiced prior to the development of more productive strains of poultry and better management facilities (automated feeding and watering, better housing, environmental control) around the middle of the 20th century.
Nowadays, extensive poultry production is generally practiced by a specific range of growers, including:
• Organic farmers
• Village and community groups
In broad terms there are two basic forms of housing for extensive poultry production:
1. A house or number of houses established in a permanent position
2. A number of smaller houses fitted with skids or wheels which can be moved around (see figure 7 below).
With either of these methods, the house is used to protect the birds at night and to provide somewhere for the birds to lay their eggs. Whatever the size, the hen house should be fitted with perches to allow the birds to roost at night.
There should also be sufficient nesting boxes to allow for laying.
Preventing predators from gaining access to the birds is a major consideration with free-range systems, and there are a number of ways of addressing this problem.
One popular method is to fit the houses with a small hatch (pop-hole) which can be closed to keep the hens in at night to preclude predators and opened in the morning to allow the hens out.
Another method gaining in popularity is to construct predator proof fencing around the forage areas, and place some form of guard animal (mareema dogs and wethered alpacas are both used for this purpose) to ensure the predators don’t get near the birds.
Housing for Free-range Birds
The normal system is to move young pullets into a laying house about four weeks before they are due to start laying. This is done to allow them to become used to the new house and to give them time to settle in.
The pullets should be kept in the house and not allowed to range for the first two days after the move. After this time, they can be allowed out in the day. They will find their own way back to the house at nightfall – “putting themselves to bed” so to speak.
If any of the pullets roost on top of the house or in nearby branches at nightfall, they should be caught by hand and placed in the house. Birds that roost outside will almost certainly be taken by predators so it is worth trying to break this habit as soon as you notice it.
Hens on free-range are sometimes provided with food and water outside the house, however this practice is not recommended, particularly in those areas where there is a risk of avian influenza and other diseases being carried by wild birds.
Regardless of whether the feed and water is presented inside or outside the house, it is important to ensure that adequate feed and water space is provided. As a general rule, allow 100mm (4”) of feed trough space and 50mm (2”) of water trough space per bird.
Management of the forage areas is an important consideration for free-range production systems. When any class of poultry is allowed access to natural forage in the form of grasses, herbs and other green forage, they will invariably denude the area immediately adjacent to the house.
This fact is one of the reasons that moveable houses have gained popularity, particularly in organic and Permaculture applications, where sustainability and effective use of resources are important.
By regularly moving the house, the birds are presented with new forage areas on a regular basis, whilst the previously foraged areas get the opportunity to recover and rejuvenate. This process has the added bonus of preventing the build-up of harmful organisms, particularly internal parasites.
If permanent housing is to be used, careful planning is essential if the area immediately adjacent to the house is not to become denuded, overworked and “stale”. The most effective means of achieving this goal is to divide the forage area around the house into small sections, using either fixed netting fences, or moveable electrified netting.
This allows the birds to forage over a single small area at a time, and then move on to a fresh area, allowing the previously “worked” area to recover.
It is advisable to provide the birds with adequate shade away from the house. Not only does this provide for a more suitable environment during periods of hot weather and reduce the potential for certain forms of behavioural dysfunction (e.g. feather picking and cannibalism), it also encourages the birds to move away from the house, thus reducing the forage pressure on the pasture adjacent to the house.
Most extensive poultry operations rely on manual labour to collect the eggs. This is normally done once or twice per day. If only once a day, collection should not commence prior to 10.00am, by which time the majority of the eggs will be laid.
All laying is generally finished by around 2.00pm. It is often necessary to wash some or all of the eggs from extensive systems due to the level of fouling with dirt, faeces and contaminants on the shells of the eggs.
Effective prevention and management of disease is another important consideration for free-range systems, as there are a number of factors that expose birds in these systems to the risk of infection. These include:
• Faecal/oral cycle: This phrase describes the process whereby faecal material containing a potential disease causing agent is re-ingested by an animal. Due to the natural foraging behaviour of poultry, this situation occurs constantly in birds that have access to their own faeces.
• Wild birds: Unless the foraging area of free-range poultry is completely netted and bird proof, it is virtually impossible to prevent some contact with wild birds. This contact can lead to the transfer of disease, including internal and external parasites.
The risk of exposure to exotic diseases such as Avian Influenza is a significant concern for both free-range producers and the poultry industry at large.
• Internal and external parasites: As noted in the points above, a combination of the faecal/oral cycle and potential exposure to wild birds makes control of internal parasites a significant problem for free-range poultry operations.
External parasites can also be carried by wild birds, and once established on a site, can be very difficult to eradicate.
• Behavioural dysfunction: In free-range operations where modern egg laying hybrids have been used, a tendency toward certain negative or damaging behaviours has been observed.
These include feather pecking, vent pecking and cannibalism. It is generally accepted that these behaviours are a result of a number of factors, such as genetics, environment and nutrition.
• Inability to effectively control environment: Due to the relatively simple nature of most houses used in free-range egg production systems, there is little capacity to protect the birds from extremes of climate, particularly heat.
Birds have a tremendous capacity to tolerate cold conditions providing they are protected from wetness and drafts, but have few mechanisms to cope with extreme heat. Provision of adequate shade outside the house is a key welfare measure in areas prone to extreme temperatures.
• Spotty liver: This condition is the cause of loss of production and some mortality across free-range flocks. Whilst the causative agents have not been identified, it is known that the faecal/oral cycle is a factor.
• Bacterial infections of the reproductive tract: Unlike caged poultry, where the egg is deposited onto a relatively clean wire floor, laying birds run under extensive conditions can lay their eggs in a number of places, including the nest boxes provided, the floor of the house, or even the ground outside the house.
When a bird lays an egg, there is a certain amount of eversion of the reproductive tract takes place. If the environment in which the bird is laying its egg is unhygienic, there is the potential for some contaminated material to attach to the everted reproductive tract, which is then taken back into the body, and an infection ensures.
Assessment is based on a combination of completing all assignments and sitting for a final short one and a half hour exam, in your own location.
If you don’t cope well with exams then you may elect to undertake a project instead. This is a popular option.
In addition, most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson placed before the assignment. This is an opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge and skills and practical experience. This ADL feature is an added bonus not found at most online schools. Set Tasks are not required for assessment.
Some courses also have optional Self-Tests which are available on our online learning platform. These are not available by correspondence or by USB, and do not form part of your overall grade.
How our courses work
- Choose Your Learning Method
You choose how you would like to receive your course material, i.e., Online, USB or Correspondence. The choice is yours. You may also work on online or offline.
- Tutor Allocation
Every student is assigned their own dedicated tutor who is an expert in their subject area. They provide as much or as little individual contact as you require. You can contact your tutor whenever you need – your hours are not limited.
- Feedback and Assignments
Tutor Feedback is an essential component in helping you understand the subject matter. Tutor feedback is given in the form of notes written on the assignment. We encourage you to contact your Tutor where help with clarification and understanding of course material may be required.
Your assignments are located at the end of each lesson. You submit them for marking whenever you are ready. There is no time limit.
- Set Tasks and Self-Tests
Most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson before for the assignment. This is where you get the opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge, skills and practical experience. Many modules also have short Self-Tests.
Once all assignments have been completed you may then elect to sit for a one and half hour exam in your own location. If you prefer not to take the exam you do have the option to undertake a project instead.
Once the exam or project part of the course is completed, your Certificate is then processed. Please allow approximately 4 weeks for this.
- Design Your Own Qualification
ADL offers students the flexibility to self-design their own qualification – bundling together a combination of 100-hour modules into a qualification higher than a certificate.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Here is a list of the most often asked FAQ’s.
Q. Why should I enrol with the Academy for Distance Learning?
A. Here at ADL, our students are our priority – we treat everyone as a unique individual.
Q. Do I need to buy text books?
A. No, as each module has been written by highly qualified industry professionals. The content of the material is presented in such a way that text books are not required. However, if you require additional reading your tutor will be able to supply a list.
Q. What happens if I have to stop studying for a while? (eg. become sick, go on holidays, have a baby, move house, etc)
A. It’s OK to take a break and start up your study at a later point in time. Just let us know.
Q. Is there an age limit?
A. There is no maximum age limit. We do however, have a minimum age limit of 18 years. Below that age parental consent would be required.
Q. Are your courses up-to date?
A. Our courses are revised and updated on a rotation system.
Q. Do you have a Cancellation policy?
A. Yes. We have a cancellation policy that is fair and equitable. For further details please click here.
Q. Will I have any opportunity to engage with other students?
A. We have a Student Community group based on facebook! If you don’t have a facebook account already, you could make one just for talking with fellow students on the group.
Q. When can I enrol/start?
A. You may enrol and start at any time of the year – it’s all self- paced.
Q. Can I study from anywhere in the world?
A. Our courses are available to anyone, anywhere in the world from the comfort of your own home. The course content is relevant to any country, culture or economy.
Q. How long do I have to complete the course?
A. You complete the course at any time that is convenient for you.
Q. Completing a 100 hour module – how long will it take?
A. For some students a 100 hour module will take approximately to 3- 6 months to complete. Others take less time and some even longer.
Q. Assessment – how does it work?
A. For each 100 hour module you are assessed by assignments (at the end of each lesson) and a final one and a half hour exam (or you may elect to complete a Project, instead of sitting the exam) – the choice is yours – you sit for the exam in your own location.
Q. I don’t cope well with exams – what can I do?
A. You may elect to undertake a Project (set by your tutor) instead of sitting the exam. Projects are completed from your home and can usually take a couple of weeks to complete.
Q. If my assignment is not up to standard is there an opportunity to resubmit my work?
A. Yes –
Q. How many assignments do I need to complete for each module?
A. At the end of each lesson, there is an assignment – so if a course has say, 10 lessons, there would be 10 assignments.
Q. I am having difficulty attending workshops/industry meetings, what can be done?
A. If your course requires attendance at workshops, conferences, or industry meetings; alternative arrangements can be made in your country.
Q. What qualification will I receive?
A. For individual modules, you would be awarded a Certificate endorsed by TQUK (Training Qualifications, UK), providing you complete all assignments and the exam. If you just want to complete only the assignments and not sit for the exam or finish a Project, then a Letter of Achievement would be awarded. For more details on qualifications available please click here.
Q. Can I customize my diploma/higher qualification?
A. Not all educational institution’s certificates /diplomas meet everyone’s needs. The opportunity to Design Your Own Diploma at the Academy (subject to our approval) is an added bonus, not found at other colleges. You choose modules that you think will help you in achieving your goal.
Q. What do I get when I complete the course? Will I receive a transcript?
A. At the completion of all courses and providing all assignments and exam requirements have been met, you will receive your Award and a Transcript.
Q. Our tutors – who are they?
A. We appoint Tutors and require that they must be currently active in their industry, with at least 5 years’ experience in their chosen profession.
Q. Can I contact my tutor at any time?
A. Yes – you have unlimited access to your tutor via email through our Online Classroom. You can always leave a message with ADL requesting your tutor to contact you. You decide on how much or how little contact you wish to have.
Q. Practical work – How is this done?
A. To find out more about this part of the course please visit the section on How Our Courses Work here.
What your tuition fees include
- All Course Material via Online, USB or Correspondence
- Assignments Marked
- Professional Tutor Feedback
- Set Tasks - Practical Exercises to help you develop skills
- Self-Tests – multiple choice questions at the end of lessons in most modules
- Unlimited Personal Tutor Support – via our student classroom
- Committed and Friendly Admin Support – vital to your success
- All ADL Exam or Project fees (exception RHS exams)
- Qualification Certificate
- Official Transcript with assignment grades
- Student Manual
- Academic Writing course (optional - 10 hours only)
- Critical Thinking course (optional - 10 hours only)
- Job Seekers Careers Guide
- Study Tips on How To Study Better
- Career Counselling by ADL Staff
- CV Writing Help, Tips and Advice
There are no hidden extras
FAQ - RHS Theory Qualifications
If you require further details about any of the RHS industry recognised qualifications please, call one of our friendly RHS Course Advisors on +44 (0)1227 789 649 or email: [email protected]
Q: When can I Enrol/Start My RHS Course With ADL?
A: Anytime, Anywhere. There are no enrolment deadlines.
Q: I live Overseas. Can I Study From Overseas?
A: You can study any of the RHS theory qualifications overseas. All courses are offered in English. You will need to email RHS Qualifications direct to arrange sitting for your examination overseas.
Q: Is There a Time Limit for Completing an RHS Qualification?
A: At present there are no time limits. However, RHS is contemplating in the future, the introduction of course time-lines.
Q: Are There Any Entry Requirements (Pre-Requisites)?
A: The RHS Theory courses do not require prerequisites, previous experience or any knowledge of horticulture. You just need passion for all things horticulture.
Q: What Course Should I Start With First? I Am New To RHS Qualifications.
A: We highly recommend that you start with Level 2 – Principles of Garden Planning, Establishment and Maintenance.
Q: What Does ADL Course Material Include?
A: Includes Power Point Presentations, Videos and written course lessons.
Q: When Do Exams Take Place?
A: Exams are held on fixed dates in February and June of each year. You should register as a candidate at least 3 months before these dates, so please do not leave exam registration to the last minute
Q: Where Do I Take My Exams?
A: UK: You take the exams at the RHS Wisley Centre, located between Cobham and Ripley in Surrey or at other authorised RHS centres around the UK.
Overseas: please email RHS qualifications direct for centre information.
Q: Exam Pass Marks?
A: Module – pass 50%. Commendation 70%.
Qualification: 50% pass for all modules.
Commendation awarded for all modules.
Each question carries a value of 10 marks.
Q: I’m Not Happy With My Exam Results?
A: You have the opportunity to re-sit your exam at the next opportunity.
There are no restrictions on the number of re-sits you can take. The highest mark you achieve will remain.,