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Animal Husbandry I
Animal Husbandry I - Animal Anatomy And Physiology 100 Hours Certificate Course
Learn About Animal Husbandry I
Animal Husbandrycourse online - Home Study - Distance Learning. Working with animals? Get back to basics! Gain a thorough foundation knowledge of animal anatomy and physiology.
This is essential for careers requiring good animal care and management. An excellent starting point for working with animals in any situation (farms, pets, zoos, wildlife, animal protection). Learn at your own pace through distance learning.
Lesson Structure: Animal Anatomy and Physiology (Animal Husbandry I)
There are eleven lessons in this course
1 Introduction to cells & tissues;
- Livestock classes
- Livestock products
- Interrelationship between crops and livestock
- Cells and tissues
- Special properties of cells
- Nutrient waste
2 The Digestive System;
- Digestive system
- Simple stomach
- Small intestine
- Large intestine
- Ruminant stomach
- Accessory organs of the digestive system
- Digestion, absorption and utilisation in the simple stomach
- Breakdown by microorganisms
- Digestion, aborption and utilisation in the ruminant stomach
- Mechanical action
- Action of micro-organisms
- Utilisation of the end products of digestion
3 The Circulatory System;
- Circulatory system
- Composition of blood
- Functions of blood
- Clotting mechanism
- Blood vessels
- Arteries, veins, cappillaries
- Physiology of the circulatory system
- Rates of heart beats
- Lympathic system
- Circulatory networks
4 The Urinary System;
- Anatomy of the urinary system,
- Kidneysureter, bladder
- physiology of urinary system
- Excretion in different animals.
5 The Nervous System;
- Central and peripheral nervous system
- Main parts of the nervous system
- Nneurones, sensory neurones, motor neurones
- Central nervous system
- The brain
- Spinal cord
- Peripheral nervous system
- Cranial nerves
- Spinal nerves
- Aautonomic nervous system
- Reflex actions
- Endocrine system
- Structure and function of the ear:Hearing
- Structure and function of the eye:The iris
- Structure and function of the nose.
- Anatomy of respiration
- Bronchial tree
- Physiology of respiration
- Gaseous exchange Rate and depth of breathing.
7 The Reproductive System;
- Anatomy of the male reproductive system: testes, accessory organs, penis, physiology of male reproductive system, hormone production, sperm production, erection, ejaculation, fertility problems in males, Venereal diseases
- Other diseases
- Physical immaturity Emotional immaturity
- Poor handling
- Anatomy of female reproductive system, ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, physiology of the female reproductive system, ovulation, oestrus cycle, fertility problems, difficulties conceiving,
- Venereal and other diseases
- Physical abnormalities
- Inability to carry a foetus to full term
- Pregnancy and parturition
- Birth process
- Difficult births
- Structure of the mammary glands
- Secretion of milk
- Milk ejection
- Reproduction data for cows, sows and ewes.
8 Muscles & Meat;
- Muscles and meat
- Smooth muscle
- Striated voluntary muscle
- Cardiac muscleStructure of meat
- Dressing out percentage
- Composition of the beef animal
- Meat quality and tenderness
- Juiciness, flavour, cuts and joints of meat.
9 The Skeleton;
- How bones are formed
- Anatomy of bones
- Fractures and fracture healing
- Five types of bone
- Joints of bone
- The skeleton
- The dental formula
- Cattle, dental formula of an ox and cow
- Eruption of permanent teeth
10 Animal Growth, Development, and the Endocrine System;
- Growth and development
- Growth curve
- Prenatal growth
- Post-natal growth
- Factors which affect the size of newborns
- Factors affecting post-natal growth
- Early maturing
- Compensatory growth
- Endocrine system
- Pituitary gland
- Adrenal bodies
- Pineal body
- Mucous membrane of the stomach
11 Comparing Different Animals;
- Incubating eggs
- Natural incubation
- Symptoms of a broody hen
Learning Goals: Animal Anatomy And Physiology (Animal Husbandry I ) BAG101
- Differentiate and describe the basic structure and function of cells and tissues of animals.
- Explain the digestive system, in terms of both structure and function, of animals.
- Explain the circulatory systems, in terms of both structure and function, of animals.
- Explain the urinary system, in terms of structure and function, of animals.
- Explain the nervous system, in terms of structure and function, of animals.
- Explain the respiratory system, in terms of structure and function, of animals.
- Explain the reproductive system, including structure and function, of animals.
- Explain the skeletal system, in terms of structure and function of animals.
- Explain the biological mechanisms underlying the growth and development of specified animal species.
- Explain the endocrine system, in terms of structure and function, of animals.
- Explain the muscular system, including the structure, function, and meat quality of animals.
- Explain the differences between various types of farm animals, in terms of structure and function.
- Explain the nature of animals in the primary production industry, with specific reference to your locality.
Practical (Set Tasks)
- Identify parts of an animal cell on an unlabelled diagram.
- Describe the major features of a living animal cell, including structure and function.
- Describe one example, of cell interaction in live animals.
- Describe the cell functions for three different types of cells in animals.
- Differentiate between the cellular composition, using illustrations, of animal tissues.
- Explain the functions of four different animal tissue types.
- Describe the processes of nutrient and waste exchange in animal cells.
- Label a diagram of the digestive system of three different animals.
- Describe the processes occurring in digestion, in each section of the digestive system.
- Compare the digestive systems of different farm animals.
- Describe the action of enzymes and micro-organisms in animal digestion.
- Explain the role of accessory organs, including: *the liver *the pancreas.
- Explain the components of blood in animals.
- Explain the biological functions of blood in animals.
- Label on unlabelled illustrations, the parts of the circulatory system in a chosen farm animal.
- Explain the structure of an artery by illustrating and labeling a diagram of its five layers.
- Distinguish the characteristics of the various types of blood vessels in animals.
- Explain the role of the lymphatic system in a specified farm animal.
- Dissect an animal heart, and identify the parts of the heart on a photograph or the dissection.
- Label on an unlabelled diagram, the parts of the urinary system of an animal.
- Explain the role of the urinary system farm animals, including comments on urinary malfunction.
The term anatomy refers to the science that deals with the form and structure of animals. Physiology deals with the study of functions of the animal body or any of its parts. A thorough knowledge of the structure of an animal imparts a lot of information about the various functions it is capable of performing. This course is intended to give an overview of both the anatomy and physiology of many animals. It can be used as an introductory course to further studies; to help you understand how to diagnose disease or determine if an animal has sustained an injury; to help understand the physical capabilities or limitations of particular species; to understand what happens in the nutrition and growth processes; and to assist you to get better performance from your animals.
Your learning experience with ADLwill not only depend on the quality of the course, but also the quality of the person teaching it. This course is taught by Vicky Protopapadaki and your course fee includes unlimited tutorial support throughout. Here are Vicky's credentials:
MSc (Distinction) Applied Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare (University of Edinburgh), BSc Business Administration (University of the Aegean), Cert. Companion Animal Behaviour (University of Edinburgh ), Cert. Animal Use and Care (University of Prince Edward Island).
Vickys passion for animals led her to obtain her MSc in Applied Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare, despite her having a background in business and management. Apart from her personal experience with animals, she volunteers at various animal shelters around Greece and has done research on feline behaviour at the University of Prince Edward Island in Canada and on primate behaviour at Edinburgh Zoo. She is currently researching PhD opportunities in the field of animal ethics and studying entrepreneurship for the purpose of creating her own charity for animal protection in Greece.
Excerpt from the Course
THE COMPOSITION OF BLOOD
Blood is a connective tissue that transports substances throughout the body. The following components of blood can be identified:
This is a straw coloured fluid containing 90% water and 10% solids. The solids are:
- Proteins: Serum albumin, Fibrinogen (concerned with blood clotting)
- Globulin (deals with disease immunity)
- Lipids or fats
- Inorganic chemicals: these are the ions of salts and acids, some of which are essential in cell metabolism and others which act as buffers, reducing strong acids and alkalis to weaker acids/alkalis and neutral salts.
- Nitrogenous compounds: amino acids, urea, uric acid and ammonium salts.
Red Blood Cells
The red blood cells are called erythrocytes, and there are five million in a single millilitre of blood. They are dish-shaped discs (concave on either side) which specialise in transporting oxygen. Oxygen is bound to haemoglobin so it can be carried in the blood. Haemoglobin also gives blood its characteristic red colour. Red blood cells are produced in the marrow of bones and they have a life span of three to four months. After that they disintegrate and the pigments produced by their destruction are excreted in bile.
These are small irregular shaped fragments of protoplasm which are formed in the marrow of bones and which play an important role in the clotting of blood and the prevention of blood-loss from a wound. They do this by sticking to each other and to the walls of blood vessels at the place of an injury. Platelets also release a substance called serotonin, which causes the blood vessels in the area to constrict in order to produce a drop in blood pressure.
White Blood Cells
These are called leucocytes and there are between 4000 and 11000 per ml of blood. There are various types of leucocytes of different shapes and sizes. They play an extremely important part in the defence mechanism of the body. They can form barriers against disease and can also engulf harmful material such as bacteria. They play a role in the formation of antibodies and in the immunity mechanism of the body. They are formed in the bone marrow and in the lymph tissues, the spleen, the tonsils and lymph nodes.
THE FUNCTIONS OF THE BLOOD
The main functions of the blood are as follows:
- Transport nutrients from the digestive tract to the body tissues and organs
- Transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and to carry carbon dioxide from the tissues back to the lungs
- Carry waste products from the tissues to the kidneys
- Transport hormones from the endocrine glands
- Regulate the body temperature by transporting heat from the deeper organs in the body up to the surface at the skin
- Maintain the water balance of the body
- Maintain the pH (acidity/alkalinity) balance of the tissues and organs
- Prevent too much blood loss by clotting factors
- Provide immunity
Clotting Mechanism (coagulation)
When a blood vessel is injured, a substance called thromboplastin is released which is converted to active thrombin.
Thrombin reacts with fibrinogen in blood plasma, forming a substance called fibrin. Fibrin is in the form of fine, thread-like filaments which wrap around the red blood cells, the white blood cells and the platelets to form a clot which stops further bleeding.
Immunity is the most important innate defence mechanism of the animal. It develops when the animal is exposed to the invasion of any foreign protein or protein-like substance. Such foreign proteins are known as antigens.
Once inside the body, antigens eventually end up in the bloodstream where they produce poisons called toxins. Bacteria have proteins on their surfaces and so act as antigens.
The presence of antigens in the blood stimulates the production of antibodies which kill the invading antigens and sometimes destroy the toxins they have produced.
These antibodies are very specific, i.e. they act only against one particular antigen so that each disease stimulates its own antibodies. This fact is used in such precautions as vaccinations and immunisation.
EBOOK TO COMPLIMENT THIS COURSE
A complete guide to caring for animals, designed for anyone involved in their day to day care, including farmers, pet owners and students.
By the Staff of ACS Distance Learning
Animal Health eBook course online.Animal welfare and wellbeing has become increasingly important in recent times and is a major social issue in developed countries.
"For the past 10,000 years, people all over the world have domesticated animals for various purposes. Some animals such as dogs and cats were domesticated as pets to provide company to humans. Livestock animals such as cattle and sheep were kept to provide products such as meat, wool or milk, or kept as working animals. No matter what the reason, animals and humans have been connected over an extended period of time.
Optimum health is essential to the wellbeing and longevity of all animals. It is the responsibility animal owners to ensure the welfare of the animals within their care. As part of the general care of animals, we need to be able to identify diseases. The first step in recognising diseases in animals is to understand when an animal is unwell. This generally requires three things: information on the history of the animal, a physical examination and specialized testing to identify the cause of the illness."
Understanding Animal Health Issues
Preventing Disease and Injury
Inspecting for Health
Some Common Illnesses in Animals
Assessment is based on a combination of completing all assignments and sitting for a final short one and a half hour exam, in your own location.
If you don’t cope well with exams then you may elect to undertake a project instead. This is a popular option.
In addition, most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson placed before the assignment. This is an opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge and skills and practical experience. This ADL feature is an added bonus not found at most online schools. Set Tasks are not required for assessment.
Some courses also have optional Self-Tests which are available on our online learning platform. These are not available by correspondence or by USB, and do not form part of your overall grade.
How our courses work
- Choose Your Learning Method
You choose how you would like to receive your course material, i.e., Online, USB or Correspondence. The choice is yours. You may also work on online or offline.
- Tutor Allocation
Every student is assigned their own dedicated tutor who is an expert in their subject area. They provide as much or as little individual contact as you require. You can contact your tutor whenever you need – your hours are not limited.
- Feedback and Assignments
Tutor Feedback is an essential component in helping you understand the subject matter. Tutor feedback is given in the form of notes written on the assignment. We encourage you to contact your Tutor where help with clarification and understanding of course material may be required.
Your assignments are located at the end of each lesson. You submit them for marking whenever you are ready. There is no time limit.
- Set Tasks and Self-Tests
Most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson before for the assignment. This is where you get the opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge, skills and practical experience. Many modules also have short Self-Tests.
Once all assignments have been completed you may then elect to sit for a one and half hour exam in your own location. If you prefer not to take the exam you do have the option to undertake a project instead.
Once the exam or project part of the course is completed, your Certificate is then processed. Please allow approximately 4 weeks for this.
- Design Your Own Qualification
ADL offers students the flexibility to self-design their own qualification – bundling together a combination of 100-hour modules into a qualification higher than a certificate.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Due to our years of experience and wide range of online courses, here are a list of our FAQs and Answers asked by Students.
Q. Do I need to buy text books?
A. No, you are not required to purchase expensive text books for any of our courses, since each module has been written by highly qualified tutors and writers, and our courses are updated on a regular basis, adding new information, methods and knowledge. You are supplied with all “essential” references. Extra books are always useful though, especially for special projects. Tutors will advise you what to buy if you decide you would like to have extra reading material, but it is not essential. Check out our eBookstore if you’re looking for a starting point.
Q. What sets the Academy apart from other institutions?
A. A unique feature of our courses is that we combine knowledge of the subject matter with practical tasks (set tasks, found at the end of each lesson). So you get to do practical components in each lesson. The benefits of this approach are immense: – your skills and knowledge are developed to a much higher level not normally found at other distance learning institutions.
Q. How do the practical exercises (set tasks) work?
A. The practical component of each lesson can be in the form of : Field Research, Networking and Analysis, Conducting Surveys, Growing, Collecting, Photographing and Processes.
Q. Can I pay by instalments?
A. Yes, you can view all available payment options here.
Q. Are there any hidden costs?
A. There are no hidden extras – the tuition fee covers all course material, unlimited tutor support, assignment marking/feedback and any text books where specified and exams. The only extras are for the public examinations fees for the ICB Bookkeeping course and the RHS (Royal Horticulture Society) exams.
Q. Are your courses up-to date?
A. Our courses are continually updated. The course content is rapidly updated and improved without the red tape and bureaucracy experienced at other educational institutions.
Q. Do you have a Cancellation policy?
A. We have a cancellation policy that is fair and equitable. For further details please click here.
Q. What Recognition do you have?
A. The Academy for Distance Learning has various forms of recognition:
These include TQUK (Training Qualifications UK) – an Ofqual Awarding Organisation – ADL is an approved TQUK Centre.
IARC – International Approval Registration Centre, approved member. Accredited Training Provider for ICB (Institute of Certified Bookkeepers) and Approved Distance Learning Provider for the RHS (Royal Horticultural Society) and many more. Our graduates come from many parts of the world and have used our qualifications for successful employment and progression onto higher education. To view our full list of recognition and memberships please click here,
Q. Will I have any opportunity to engage with other students?
A. We have a Student Community group based on facebook! If you don’t have a facebook account already, you could make one just for talking with fellow students on the group.
Q. Why should I enrol with the Academy for Distance Learning?
A. Here at the Academy our students are our priority – we treat every student as a unique individual. This philosophy allows us to nurture those who are “slow and steady” learners rather than letting them fall through the cracks, while catering for those who are in a hurry to complete.
Q. Can I study from anywhere in the world?
A. Our courses are available to anyone, anywhere in the world from the comfort of your own home. The course content is relevant to any country, culture or economy.
Q. Completing the course- how long will it take?
A. Completion of modules varies from student to student. Many factors come into play such as work commitments and family life- there are always distractions. Some students work quicker than others. For a 100 hour module many students will take up to 3- 6 months, others take less time and some are even longer. It’s all up to you. There is no pressure to complete or deadline to finish. Naturally, longer courses will take more time.
Q. What learning formats are there?
A. Your enrollment comes with the Online Classroom study option by default. For a small additional cost you also have the options of USB or Correspondence.
USB: Your course is sent to you on a USB stick, so that you can carry it in your pocket. Ideal for those with unreliable internet connections. This option is an additional £5/module
Correspondence: You download the course content and then print your own copy to your requirements. You can then bind the lessons to suit your needs.
Q. Assessment – how does it work?
A. For each 100 hour module you are assessed by assignments (at the end of each lesson) and a final one and a half hour exam (or you may elect to complete a project instead of sitting the exam) – the choice is yours – you sit for the exam in your own location, or you can visit us in Canterbury, England to sit the exam if want to. Exam fees are included in the tuition fee you paid. You can read more about the examination process here. At the end of each lesson, there is an assignment. You submit it to the academy who then submits it to the tutor for marking, comments and feedback. Our policy is to have a grade for you within 5 to 7 days.
Q. How many assignments do I need to complete for each module?
A. At the end of each lesson, there is an assignment – so if a course has say, 10 lessons there would be 10 assignments. The number of lessons per module varies from module to module. See the course content from our website for further details.
Q. When do I have to hand in my first assignment?
A. There is no deadline for handing in the first assignment. Submit when you are ready. There are some students who hand in assignments within the first couple of weeks of enrolment – while there are others who submit their work 6 months later. It’s all at your own convenience to suit you. Everyone has different work and home commitments and we cater to these needs.
Q. I am having difficulty attending workshops/industry meetings, what can be done?
A. If your course requires attendance at workshops, conferences, or industry meetings; alternative arrangements can be made in your country; however, there may be an additional expense. We can appoint an appropriately qualified person anywhere to work through curriculum documentation supplied by us, to satisfy the requirements set down in a course.
Q. What qualification will I receive?
A. For individual modules, you would receive a Certificate (providing you complete all assignments and the exam). If you just want to complete the assignments only, then a Letter of Achievement would be awarded. For more details on qualifications awarded please click here.
Q. Is there a next level to progress to?
A. Yes – you can progress from one module to a combination of many modules and to higher qualifications i.e. Advanced Certificates, Diplomas and Higher Advanced Diplomas. Read more about course levels here.
Q. Can I customize my diploma/higher qualification?
A. Not all educational institution’s certificates /diplomas meet everyone’s needs. The opportunity to design your own diploma at the Academy (subject to our approval) is an added bonus, not found at other colleges. It’s a very popular option and widely used by many students. You quite simply choose the appropriate number of related modules needed to complete the qualification and submit them to us for approval as a custom diploma.
Q. What do I get when I complete the course? Will I receive a transcript?
A. At the completion of a 100-hour Certificate course and providing all assignments and exam have been completed, you will receive a Certificate and Transcript. The Transcript will list your GPA. Each 100-hour module is worth 3 credit hours.
Q. Do I have to sit for an exam?
A. Exams are optional but need to be undertaken in order to receive the Certificate or higher qualification. Exams are one and a half hours long. You appoint an adjudicator (subject to our approval) to supervise the exam. You sit for the exam in your own location. Its that simple.
Q. I don’t cope well with exams – what can I do?
A. If you feel you don’t cope well with exams you may elect to undertake a Project (set by the tutor) instead of sitting the exam. Many students prefer this option as they find researching the material for the project sharpens their research skills.
Q. If I don’t sit for the Exam do I still get a qualification?
A. If you don’t sit for the exam but complete the project alternative, you will still receive your endorsed qualification. If you don’t sit for an exam or complete a final project, providing you have completed all the assignments you will be awarded a Certificate of Achievement.
Q. Do I have to sit for the exam at the Academy?
A. No – whilst you are more than welcome to come to our location in Canterbury, U.K. and sit the exam in our classroom; the more popular option is to sit for the exam in your own location. You appoint an adjudicator to supervise the exam. Click here for more information on that process.
Q. Our tutors – who are they?
A. We only employ tutors who have are currently active in their industry with at least 5 years of real-world experience. Not only are they highly qualified but also experienced, knowledgeable, and professional- experts in their chosen fields from all parts of the world.
Q. Can I contact my tutor at any time?
A. Yes- you have unlimited access to tutors. We strongly encourage students to develop a dialogue with their Tutor. This is why we encourage students to submit their first assignment fairly quickly at the beginning of the course.
Every Academy student is assigned a tutor who supports you throughout your course and beyond. Your tutor is there to guide and facilitate your learning and provides as much or as little individual contact as you would like. When you submit your coursework the tutor will give you feedback that helps you develop your ideas and provides motivation. For those who do like to have interaction with other students, the ADL discussion forum connects you to students from all over the world.
Q. How do I contact my tutor?
A. You have direct contact with your tutor by email through the Online Classroom. Alternatively, you can write, fax, email, or phone the academy. Leave a message if your tutor isn’t available and they will phone, write or fax back; whatever suits you.
Q. If I don’t understand a question or a lesson may I contact the tutor?
A. You may contact a tutor as often as you like. There is no additional charge or restriction on this service. Contact can be made via the Student Zone, email, or by phone.
Q. Practical work – How is this done?
A. To find out more about this part of the course please visit the section on How Our Courses Work here.
What your tuition fees include
- All Course Material via Online, USB or Correspondence
- Assignments Marked
- Professional Tutor Feedback
- Set Tasks - Practical Exercises to help you develop skills
- Self-Tests – multiple choice questions at the end of lessons in most modules
- Unlimited Personal Tutor Support – via our student classroom
- Committed and Friendly Admin Support – vital to your success
- ADL Ebook where relevant
- All ADL Exam or Project fees (exception RHS exams)
- Qualification Certificate
- Official Transcript with assignment grades
- Student Manual
- Academic Writing course (optional - 10 hours only)
- Critical Thinking course (optional - 10 hours only)
- Job Seekers Careers Guide
- Study Tips on How To Study Better
- Career Counselling by ADL Staff
- CV Writing Help, Tips and Advice
There are no hidden extras
FAQ - RHS Theory Qualifications
If you require further details about any of the RHS industry recognised qualifications please, call one of our friendly RHS Course Advisors on +44 (0)1227 789 649 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Q: When can I Enrol/Start My RHS Course With ADL?
A: Anytime, Anywhere. There are no enrolment deadlines.
Q: I live Overseas. Can I Study From Overseas?
A: You can study any of the RHS theory qualifications overseas. All courses are offered in English. You will need to email RHS Qualifications direct to arrange sitting for your examination overseas.
Q: Is There a Time Limit for Completing an RHS Qualification?
A: At present there are no time limits. However, RHS is contemplating in the future, the introduction of course time-lines.
Q: Are There Any Entry Requirements (Pre-Requisites)?
A: The RHS Theory courses do not require prerequisites, previous experience or any knowledge of horticulture. You just need passion for all things horticulture.
Q: What Course Should I Start With First? I Am New To RHS Qualifications.
A: We highly recommend that you start with Level 2 – Principles of Garden Planning, Establishment and Maintenance.
Q: What Does ADL Course Material Include?
A: Includes Power Point Presentations, Videos and written course lessons.
Q: When Do Exams Take Place?
A: Exams are held on fixed dates in February and June of each year. You should register as a candidate at least 3 months before these dates, so please do not leave exam registration to the last minute
Q: Where Do I Take My Exams?
A: UK: You take the exams at the RHS Wisley Centre, located between Cobham and Ripley in Surrey or at other authorised RHS centres around the UK.
Overseas: please email RHS qualifications direct for centre information.
Q: Exam Pass Marks?
A: Module – pass 50%. Commendation 70%.
Qualification: 50% pass for all modules.
Commendation awarded for all modules.
Each question carries a value of 10 marks.
Q: I’m Not Happy With My Exam Results?
A: You have the opportunity to re-sit your exam at the next opportunity.
There are no restrictions on the number of re-sits you can take. The highest mark you achieve will remain.,