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Animal Husbandry III
Animal Husbandry III - Animal Feed & Nutrition 100 Hours Certificate Course
Learn About Animal Husbandry III
Animal Husbandry III (Animal Feed & Nutrition) course online. Animal Husbandry Home Study Course. What balance of nutrients do your animals need? How can you provide this?
You will learn to evaluate feeding, select appropriate feeds (for nutritional content and digestability), and apply this to farming situations. feeding and select appropriate feeds - for digestibility and nutritional content - applicable to real life farming situations.
Lesson Structure: Animal Husbandry III BAG202 (Animal Feed & Nutrition)
- Introduction to Animal Foods
- Terms and Definitions
- Groups of Foods
- Other Terms That Are Used
- Food Processing Terms
- Food Components - Carbohydrates and Fats
- Carbohydrates as a Source Of Energy
- Fats and Oils
- Adipose Tissue Deposits in Animals
- Fat Deposits in Different Animals
- Food Components - Proteins, Minerals and Trace Elements
- Composition of Proteins
- The Build Up Of Proteins
- Biological Value of Protein
- Protein Content of Foods
- The Function of Protein
- Feeding Urea to Ruminants
- Major Minerals
- Trace Elements
- Evaluating Foods and Digestibility
- Analysis of Feed Stuffs
- Calculating Digestibility
- Protein Value
- Energy Value
- Nutrient Value of Some Common Foods
- Classifying Foods Part A
- Cereals and Cereal By-Products
- Brewing By-Products
- Grasses, Legumes and Succulents
- Other Succulent Foods
- Roughage, Hay, Silage and Dried Grass
- Classifying Foods Part B
- Oil and Legume Seeds
- Oil Seeds and Their Products
- Legume Seeds
- Classifying Foods Part C
- Fodder Trees and Animal Products
- Fodder Trees and Shrubs
- Animal Products
- Calculating Rations Part A
- The Object of Rationing
- Nutritional Requirements of the Animal
- Calculating a Maintenance Ration
- Cattle at Pasture
- Working Out Rations for a Herd
- Calculating Rations Part B
- Nutrient Requirements for a Dairy Cow
- Working Out the Total Requirements
- Feeding a Ration to Meet Nutrient Needs
- The Dairy Ration
- Calculating Rations Part C
- Ready Mix Feeds
- Using Protein Contents
- A Summary of Rationing
- Further Considerations in Rationing
Learning Goals: Animal Husbandry III BAG202 (Animal Feed & Nutrition)
- Describe the range of livestock feeds and feeding methods available for animal production, using accepted industry terminology.
- Explain the role of energy foods, including the sources and functions of those foods, in animal diets.
- Explain the function of the major nutritional groups, including proteins, vitamins, minerals and trace elements in animal diets.
- Explain the on-farm methods used to evaluate feeding, including selection of feeds and feed digestibility.
- Evaluate the dietary value of pastures, including grasses, cereals, and other edible plants, and their by-products for animal feeds.
- Explain the dietary value of seeds, including oil seeds, legume seeds and their by-products as food sources for animals.
- Evaluate the dietary value of fodder plants, including trees and shrubs and their by-products, as a food source in animal production.
- Determine suitable feed rations for a farm animal maintenance program.
- Analyse the method(s) to determine suitable feed rations in a farm animal production program.
- Evaluate the dietary value of protein in an animal production program.
- Explain the factors affecting the composition of feed rations in animal production.
Practical (Set Tasks)
- Explain the importance of feed quality in livestock production.
- Describe the various food groups that animal foodstuffs are based upon.
- Define at least fifteen relevant industry terms related to livestock feed, feeding and feed processing.
- Explain the role of water in animal nutrition.
- Describe three different, commercially available, animal feeds, including the composition and appropriate uses for each.
- List the chemical names of at least five different carbohydrates which are of importance to animal production.
- Evaluate the roles of four different carbohydrates in animal metabolism.
- List the important sources of carbohydrates for at least four different types of farm animals.
- List the chemical names of at least five different fats which are important to animal production.
- Compare fat deposition patterns in three different animals.
- Explain the role of two different lipids in animal metabolism.
- List the important sources of fats and lipids used in livestock feeds.
- Explain the importance of proteins to animal production.
- Describe the chemical composition of naturally occurring proteins.
- List the sources of protein commonly used in foodstuffs for two different types of farm animal species.
- Explain the differences in protein requirements for different animals.
- List five vitamins of importance in livestock nutrition.
- List five minerals of importance in livestock nutrition, including their:
- source foods
- requirement levels
- physiological functions
- deficiency symptoms.
- List five trace elements of importance in livestock nutrition, and including their:
- source foods
- requirement levels
- physiological functions
- deficiency symptoms.
- Prepare a one page chart or table comparing the vitamin, mineral, protein and trace elements components of three different commercial animal feeds.
- Explain the function and source of the various nutritional components found in three different commercial livestock nutrient supplements.
- Describe the components of a specified animal feed.
- Distinguish between the 'protein value' and 'energy value' of two specified animal feeds.
- Explain the concept of 'digestibility' as it relates to animal feed.
- Describe the techniques used to calculate digestibility of animal feeds.
- Perform a calculation of digestibility for a specified feed.
- Describe two standard methods used to assess animal feeds.
- Compare five different feeds, in terms of:
- relative digestibility
- List at least five cereal and cereal by-product feeds used in animal production.
- Describe the food value characteristics of five cereals and cereal by-product feeds used in animal production.
- List at least five grasses and forage crops used as farm animal feeds.
- Describe the dietary value of five forage crops, including grasses, used in animal production.
- List at least five harvested feed products, including hay, roughage and silage used as feeds in animal production.
- Explain the dietary value characteristics of five harvested feed products including hays, roughage and silage used in animal production.
- Explain the dietary value of a growing pasture, on a farm visited and studied by you.
- Compare the nutritional value to farm animals, of ten different pasture foodstuffs, including cereals, grasses, hay and their by-products.
- List four oil seeds (or their by-products) used as feeds in animal production.
- Explain the use of oil seeds (or their by-products) as animal feeds.
- List three legume seeds used as feeds in animal production.
- Evaluate the dietary value of three different legume seeds, as animal feeds.
- Collect small samples of three oil seeds and three legume seeds.
- Compare the characteristics of two different oil seed species, with two different legume seed species. List five fodder plants (or their by-products) used as feed in animal production.
- Provide recommendations on how three different fodder plant species may be used as an animal feed source on a specified farm.
- Compare the nutritional value of three different fodder plant species.
- Explain the objective of maintenance rationing in two different farm situations observed by you.
- Explain the differences in feed rations given to maintain the same type of animal on two separate farms.
- Describe the nutritional requirements of two different specified types of livestock.
- Calculate a 'maintenance feed ration' for a specified farm animal.
- Develop a maintenance feeding program, for a group of animals, such as a herd of cattle or flock of sheep.
- Design three different types of animal feeds/rations, for three specified purposes.
- Define, using examples, the concept of 'production rations'.
- Explain the objective of production rationing in two different farm situations observed by you.
- Explain the differences in the production feed ration given to maintain the same type of animal on two different farms.
- Explain the nutritional requirements for a specified type of production livestock.
- Calculate a 'production feed ration' for a specified farm animal.
- Develop a production feeding program for a herd of milking dairy cattle, in a specified locality.
- Explain the uses of ready-mix feeds as protein supplements for farm animals in two specified situations.
- Calculate, using two different methods, the protein requirements of a production feed ration for a specified farm animal.
- Explain the assumptions behind feed ration calculations for farm animals in a specified situation.
- Explain the rationing factors, including food quality and palatability, for three different specified situations.
- Describe the role of acids in two different specified animal diets.
See What Our Students think!
"Have thoroughly enjoyed this course, the support was excellent and I have learnt so much. Very friendly and helpful. Christine B, Certificate in Animal Husbandry III (Feed & Nutrition), UK.
Your learning experience with ADLwill not only depend on the quality of the course, but also the quality of the person teaching it. This course is taught by Vicky Protopapadaki and your course fee includes unlimited tutorial support throughout. Here are Vicky's credentials:
MSc (Distinction) Applied Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare (University of Edinburgh), BSc Business Administration (University of the Aegean), Cert. Companion Animal Behaviour (University of Edinburgh ), Cert. Animal Use and Care (University of Prince Edward Island).
Vickys passion for animals led her to obtain her MSc in Applied Animal Behaviour and Animal Welfare, despite her having a background in business and management. Apart from her personal experience with animals, she volunteers at various animal shelters around Greece and has done research on feline behaviour at the University of Prince Edward Island in Canada and on primate behaviour at Edinburgh Zoo. She is currently researching PhD opportunities in the field of animal ethics and studying entrepreneurship for the purpose of creating her own charity for animal protection in Greece.
Excerpt from the Course
The mitochondrion (plural: mitochondria), is a sub-cellular organelle of eukaryote cells consisting of a central matrix surrounded by a double membrane. The matrix is where the citric acid cycle takes place. The outer membrane is smooth, and permeable to water and soluble ions. The inner membrane is selectively permeable and folded, creating shelf-like projections known as cristae. The walls of the cristae contain carrier compounds to transfer specific metabolites and are where the electron transport system produces ATP. For this reason, mitochondria usually congregate in those parts of cells where ATP demand is highest.
Interestingly, the mitochondrial matrix contains DNA, RNA and ribosomes. Therefore mitochondria are capable of self-replication and also control the synthesis of some of their own proteins.
The electron transport system takes place in the mitochondria and is vital for aerobic respiration. It entails a series of biochemical stages whereby energy is transferred from a higher to a lower level. Each step in the process involves a specific electron carrier with a specific energy level, also known as redox potential.
During aerobic respiration a molecule of NADH (from glycolysis or the citric acid cycle) is transferred to the cristae where it is oxidized by the respiratory electron transport system, ultimately producing H2O and three molecules of ATP (oxidative phosphorylation).
The electron transport chain is a series of 4 complexes.
Electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation are, in effect, parts of the same biochemical process. Oxidative phosphorylation is the process where the phosphorylation is actually associated with electron transport. It takes place in the inner membrane of the mitochondria. It involves a series of complexes. ADP joins with inorganic phosphate to give ATP and water. The way the actual reaction occurs is yet to be clearly understood, however, it is known that the proton gradient established as electrons move from NADH to O2 in the electron transport chain is what results in the phosphorylation of ADP to ATP. This is the Chemiosmotic Hypothesis. The synthesised ATP is then aided out of the mitochondria with the help of an intrinsic membrane protein called the adenine nucleotide translocator; this protein transports ADP to the inside and ATP to the outside.
Assessment is based on a combination of completing all assignments and sitting for a final short one and a half hour exam, in your own location.
If you don’t cope well with exams then you may elect to undertake a project instead. This is a popular option.
In addition, most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson placed before the assignment. This is an opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge and skills and practical experience. This ADL feature is an added bonus not found at most online schools. Set Tasks are not required for assessment.
Some courses also have optional Self-Tests which are available on our online learning platform. These are not available by correspondence or by USB, and do not form part of your overall grade.
How our courses work
- Choose Your Learning Method
You choose how you would like to receive your course material, i.e., Online, USB or Correspondence. The choice is yours. You may also work on online or offline.
- Tutor Allocation
Every student is assigned their own dedicated tutor who is an expert in their subject area. They provide as much or as little individual contact as you require. You can contact your tutor whenever you need – your hours are not limited.
- Feedback and Assignments
Tutor Feedback is an essential component in helping you understand the subject matter. Tutor feedback is given in the form of notes written on the assignment. We encourage you to contact your Tutor where help with clarification and understanding of course material may be required.
Your assignments are located at the end of each lesson. You submit them for marking whenever you are ready. There is no time limit.
- Set Tasks and Self-Tests
Most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson before for the assignment. This is where you get the opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge, skills and practical experience. Many modules also have short Self-Tests.
Once all assignments have been completed you may then elect to sit for a one and half hour exam in your own location. If you prefer not to take the exam you do have the option to undertake a project instead.
Once the exam or project part of the course is completed, your Certificate is then processed. Please allow approximately 4 weeks for this.
- Design Your Own Qualification
ADL offers students the flexibility to self-design their own qualification – bundling together a combination of 100-hour modules into a qualification higher than a certificate.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Due to our years of experience and wide range of online courses, here are a list of our FAQs and Answers asked by Students.
Q. Do I need to buy text books?
A. No, you are not required to purchase expensive text books for any of our courses, since each module has been written by highly qualified tutors and writers, and our courses are updated on a regular basis, adding new information, methods and knowledge. You are supplied with all “essential” references. Extra books are always useful though, especially for special projects. Tutors will advise you what to buy if you decide you would like to have extra reading material, but it is not essential. Check out our eBookstore if you’re looking for a starting point.
Q. What sets the Academy apart from other institutions?
A. A unique feature of our courses is that we combine knowledge of the subject matter with practical tasks (set tasks, found at the end of each lesson). So you get to do practical components in each lesson. The benefits of this approach are immense: – your skills and knowledge are developed to a much higher level not normally found at other distance learning institutions.
Q. How do the practical exercises (set tasks) work?
A. The practical component of each lesson can be in the form of : Field Research, Networking and Analysis, Conducting Surveys, Growing, Collecting, Photographing and Processes.
Q. Can I pay by instalments?
A. Yes, you can view all available payment options here.
Q. Are there any hidden costs?
A. There are no hidden extras – the tuition fee covers all course material, unlimited tutor support, assignment marking/feedback and any text books where specified and exams. The only extras are for the public examinations fees for the ICB Bookkeeping course and the RHS (Royal Horticulture Society) exams.
Q. Are your courses up-to date?
A. Our courses are continually updated. The course content is rapidly updated and improved without the red tape and bureaucracy experienced at other educational institutions.
Q. Do you have a Cancellation policy?
A. We have a cancellation policy that is fair and equitable. For further details please click here.
Q. What Recognition do you have?
A. The Academy for Distance Learning has various forms of recognition:
These include TQUK (Training Qualifications UK) – an Ofqual Awarding Organisation – ADL is an approved TQUK Centre.
IARC – International Approval Registration Centre, approved member. Accredited Training Provider for ICB (Institute of Certified Bookkeepers) and Approved Distance Learning Provider for the RHS (Royal Horticultural Society) and many more. Our graduates come from many parts of the world and have used our qualifications for successful employment and progression onto higher education. To view our full list of recognition and memberships please click here,
Q. Will I have any opportunity to engage with other students?
A. We have a Student Community group based on facebook! If you don’t have a facebook account already, you could make one just for talking with fellow students on the group.
Q. Why should I enrol with the Academy for Distance Learning?
A. Here at the Academy our students are our priority – we treat every student as a unique individual. This philosophy allows us to nurture those who are “slow and steady” learners rather than letting them fall through the cracks, while catering for those who are in a hurry to complete.
Q. Can I study from anywhere in the world?
A. Our courses are available to anyone, anywhere in the world from the comfort of your own home. The course content is relevant to any country, culture or economy.
Q. Completing the course- how long will it take?
A. Completion of modules varies from student to student. Many factors come into play such as work commitments and family life- there are always distractions. Some students work quicker than others. For a 100 hour module many students will take up to 3- 6 months, others take less time and some are even longer. It’s all up to you. There is no pressure to complete or deadline to finish. Naturally, longer courses will take more time.
Q. What learning formats are there?
A. Your enrollment comes with the Online Classroom study option by default. For a small additional cost you also have the options of USB or Correspondence.
USB: Your course is sent to you on a USB stick, so that you can carry it in your pocket. Ideal for those with unreliable internet connections. This option is an additional £5/module
Correspondence: You download the course content and then print your own copy to your requirements. You can then bind the lessons to suit your needs.
Q. Assessment – how does it work?
A. For each 100 hour module you are assessed by assignments (at the end of each lesson) and a final one and a half hour exam (or you may elect to complete a project instead of sitting the exam) – the choice is yours – you sit for the exam in your own location, or you can visit us in Canterbury, England to sit the exam if want to. Exam fees are included in the tuition fee you paid. You can read more about the examination process here. At the end of each lesson, there is an assignment. You submit it to the academy who then submits it to the tutor for marking, comments and feedback. Our policy is to have a grade for you within 5 to 7 days.
Q. How many assignments do I need to complete for each module?
A. At the end of each lesson, there is an assignment – so if a course has say, 10 lessons there would be 10 assignments. The number of lessons per module varies from module to module. See the course content from our website for further details.
Q. When do I have to hand in my first assignment?
A. There is no deadline for handing in the first assignment. Submit when you are ready. There are some students who hand in assignments within the first couple of weeks of enrolment – while there are others who submit their work 6 months later. It’s all at your own convenience to suit you. Everyone has different work and home commitments and we cater to these needs.
Q. I am having difficulty attending workshops/industry meetings, what can be done?
A. If your course requires attendance at workshops, conferences, or industry meetings; alternative arrangements can be made in your country; however, there may be an additional expense. We can appoint an appropriately qualified person anywhere to work through curriculum documentation supplied by us, to satisfy the requirements set down in a course.
Q. What qualification will I receive?
A. For individual modules, you would receive a Certificate (providing you complete all assignments and the exam). If you just want to complete the assignments only, then a Letter of Achievement would be awarded. For more details on qualifications awarded please click here.
Q. Is there a next level to progress to?
A. Yes – you can progress from one module to a combination of many modules and to higher qualifications i.e. Advanced Certificates, Diplomas and Higher Advanced Diplomas. Read more about course levels here.
Q. Can I customize my diploma/higher qualification?
A. Not all educational institution’s certificates /diplomas meet everyone’s needs. The opportunity to design your own diploma at the Academy (subject to our approval) is an added bonus, not found at other colleges. It’s a very popular option and widely used by many students. You quite simply choose the appropriate number of related modules needed to complete the qualification and submit them to us for approval as a custom diploma.
Q. What do I get when I complete the course? Will I receive a transcript?
A. At the completion of a 100-hour Certificate course and providing all assignments and exam have been completed, you will receive a Certificate and Transcript. The Transcript will list your GPA. Each 100-hour module is worth 3 credit hours.
Q. Do I have to sit for an exam?
A. Exams are optional but need to be undertaken in order to receive the Certificate or higher qualification. Exams are one and a half hours long. You appoint an adjudicator (subject to our approval) to supervise the exam. You sit for the exam in your own location. Its that simple.
Q. I don’t cope well with exams – what can I do?
A. If you feel you don’t cope well with exams you may elect to undertake a Project (set by the tutor) instead of sitting the exam. Many students prefer this option as they find researching the material for the project sharpens their research skills.
Q. If I don’t sit for the Exam do I still get a qualification?
A. If you don’t sit for the exam but complete the project alternative, you will still receive your endorsed qualification. If you don’t sit for an exam or complete a final project, providing you have completed all the assignments you will be awarded a Certificate of Achievement.
Q. Do I have to sit for the exam at the Academy?
A. No – whilst you are more than welcome to come to our location in Canterbury, U.K. and sit the exam in our classroom; the more popular option is to sit for the exam in your own location. You appoint an adjudicator to supervise the exam. Click here for more information on that process.
Q. Our tutors – who are they?
A. We only employ tutors who have are currently active in their industry with at least 5 years of real-world experience. Not only are they highly qualified but also experienced, knowledgeable, and professional- experts in their chosen fields from all parts of the world.
Q. Can I contact my tutor at any time?
A. Yes- you have unlimited access to tutors. We strongly encourage students to develop a dialogue with their Tutor. This is why we encourage students to submit their first assignment fairly quickly at the beginning of the course.
Every Academy student is assigned a tutor who supports you throughout your course and beyond. Your tutor is there to guide and facilitate your learning and provides as much or as little individual contact as you would like. When you submit your coursework the tutor will give you feedback that helps you develop your ideas and provides motivation. For those who do like to have interaction with other students, the ADL discussion forum connects you to students from all over the world.
Q. How do I contact my tutor?
A. You have direct contact with your tutor by email through the Online Classroom. Alternatively, you can write, fax, email, or phone the academy. Leave a message if your tutor isn’t available and they will phone, write or fax back; whatever suits you.
Q. If I don’t understand a question or a lesson may I contact the tutor?
A. You may contact a tutor as often as you like. There is no additional charge or restriction on this service. Contact can be made via the Student Zone, email, or by phone.
Q. Practical work – How is this done?
A. To find out more about this part of the course please visit the section on How Our Courses Work here.
What your tuition fees include
- All Course Material via Online, USB or Correspondence
- Assignments Marked
- Professional Tutor Feedback
- Set Tasks - Practical Exercises to help you develop skills
- Self-Tests – multiple choice questions at the end of lessons in most modules
- Unlimited Personal Tutor Support – via our student classroom
- Committed and Friendly Admin Support – vital to your success
- ADL Ebook where relevant
- All ADL Exam or Project fees (exception RHS exams)
- Qualification Certificate
- Official Transcript with assignment grades
- Student Manual
- Academic Writing course (optional - 10 hours only)
- Critical Thinking course (optional - 10 hours only)
- Job Seekers Careers Guide
- Study Tips on How To Study Better
- Career Counselling by ADL Staff
- CV Writing Help, Tips and Advice
There are no hidden extras
FAQ - RHS Theory Qualifications
If you require further details about any of the RHS industry recognised qualifications please, call one of our friendly RHS Course Advisors on +44 (0)1227 789 649 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Q: When can I Enrol/Start My RHS Course With ADL?
A: Anytime, Anywhere. There are no enrolment deadlines.
Q: I live Overseas. Can I Study From Overseas?
A: You can study any of the RHS theory qualifications overseas. All courses are offered in English. You will need to email RHS Qualifications direct to arrange sitting for your examination overseas.
Q: Is There a Time Limit for Completing an RHS Qualification?
A: At present there are no time limits. However, RHS is contemplating in the future, the introduction of course time-lines.
Q: Are There Any Entry Requirements (Pre-Requisites)?
A: The RHS Theory courses do not require prerequisites, previous experience or any knowledge of horticulture. You just need passion for all things horticulture.
Q: What Course Should I Start With First? I Am New To RHS Qualifications.
A: We highly recommend that you start with Level 2 – Principles of Garden Planning, Establishment and Maintenance.
Q: What Does ADL Course Material Include?
A: Includes Power Point Presentations, Videos and written course lessons.
Q: When Do Exams Take Place?
A: Exams are held on fixed dates in February and June of each year. You should register as a candidate at least 3 months before these dates, so please do not leave exam registration to the last minute
Q: Where Do I Take My Exams?
A: UK: You take the exams at the RHS Wisley Centre, located between Cobham and Ripley in Surrey or at other authorised RHS centres around the UK.
Overseas: please email RHS qualifications direct for centre information.
Q: Exam Pass Marks?
A: Module – pass 50%. Commendation 70%.
Qualification: 50% pass for all modules.
Commendation awarded for all modules.
Each question carries a value of 10 marks.
Q: I’m Not Happy With My Exam Results?
A: You have the opportunity to re-sit your exam at the next opportunity.
There are no restrictions on the number of re-sits you can take. The highest mark you achieve will remain.,