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Painting and Decorating
Painting and Decorating 100 Hours Certificate Course
Learn About Painting and Decorating
Painting and decorating involves a range of knowledge, skills and thought processes and this online distance learning course is intended to address those.
Painting and decorating involve applying finishes to the surfaces on buildings, furniture, fences, or anything else. Surfaces are often given their final surface by painting them but there are other ways of doing this too.
For example, interior walls may be tiled, wallpapered, or panelled; exterior walls may be rendered, veneered, pebble-dashed, and so forth.
The work involved requires more than just having the skill to use a paint brush. You must also consider all the options and make appropriate choices about the type of finish you want, then select the appropriate materials, understand what equipment is needed and how to use it, and have knowledge and skills in the techniques which may be used in order to achieve that finish.
More advanced skills may include having an appreciation of design, such as colour matching and colour schemes, using different textures to compliment other surfaces, use of tone, and so on.
You might also need to consider things like longevity, since not all finishes are especially durable. Some might last for many years whereas others might need changing or ‘brushing up’ every so often.
Furthermore, regular maintenance can be expensive so whilst the initial outlay may be reasonable, ongoing costs could make what seems like an astute investment at the time become burdensome.
There are 9 lessons:
- Preparation for Painting
- Painting methods/techniques
- Special paint effects
- Other Surface Treatments
Please Note: Each lesson culminates in an assignment, marked by your tutor and returned with relevant suggestions, comments, and extra reading if required.
- Describe the nature and scope of painting and decorating of buildings, interior and exterior, including (in broad terms) the materials, equipment, and techniques.
- Explain different types of paints used, including their comparative characteristics and appropriate applications.
- Carry out appropriate preparations for painting.
- Explain how to use painting tools, painting techniques and special effects.
- Explain a variety of special paint effects and applications.
- Explain how to use wallpaper.
- Explain how to attach tiles to walls, floors, or other surfaces.
- Explain how to attach panels to walls.
- Explain a range of other ways to finish surfaces inside and outside buildings including stains and protective coatings.
Practical (Set Tasks)
Your choice of paint has a major impact on many things including the appearance of the finished job, the quality of the work, the cost, the lifespan of the job, and the way in which you do the job.
Paints are used for two main reasons:
- Firstly, to protect the surface onto which they are applied. For instance, they provide a seal against air and water which prevents wood from rotting and metal from rusting.
- Secondly, to decorate or provide colour. Paint plays a crucial role in colour schemes and aesthetics.
Paints are sometimes classified as industrial coatings, e.g. those applied to cars and manufactured goods, and decorative paints, e.g. those used to adorn buildings, which we are more interested in.
What are Paints?
Most paints are a mixture of pigments with liquids, binders, and additives.
- Pigments – protect surfaces and add colour.
- Solvents – used to thin the paint and make it more usable.
- Binders – serve to bind the paint to the surface and to help spread it out.
- Additives – mixed in to improve desirable qualities of the paint.
There are two types of pigments: prime or base pigments, and extender pigments.
Different types of prime pigments are used for different types of paints (e.g. metal paint, wood paint, etc.) because they provide protection to the material which is being painted.
Pigments also add colour to the paint. Colour pigments are largely derived from metal compounds, many of which are salts. For example, iron oxide produces reds and browns, and titanium oxide produces white. Pigments are in powder form.
The other pigments, known as extenders, are derived from other materials such as mica, clays, and silicas, and they are generally larger particles.
These are cheaper and can be used to partially replace expensive pigments or binders to keep costs down. However, they also enhance the paint’s adhesion.
Prime pigments include iron oxides which are red or yellow, chrome oxides which are green, and titanium dioxide which is white.
Solvents are liquids which the other components dissolve into. They include mineral turpentine (oil paints) and water (emulsion).
Solvents reduce the viscosity of paints and so they are also known as thinners. By thinning the paint, solvents make it easier to apply.
Better quality and more expensive paints usually have a higher proportion of solvent liquid, compared to the solids in the mix. As such they commonly need to be dissolved in additional liquid before use. That means additional cost.
Binders are adhesives that allow paint to stick to the substrate it is being painted onto. A range of binders may be used including oils, resins, or derivatives of cellulose or bitumen.
In modern paints they are mainly polymers (resins). The three most widely used are alkyd polymers, epoxy polymers, and acrylic polymers.
The choice of binder and the quantity used will affect the quality of the final job. Better quality binders create better quality painted surfaces, which are less susceptible to blisters, cracks, or peeling.
- Latex paints use either acrylics, vinyl acrylics or styrene acrylics as binders.
- Oil paints normally use either linseed oil, soya oil or alkyds. Alkyds are created by mixing an oil modified resins mixed with alcohol and acid. They tend to dry much faster than other oils and produce a hard enamel-like surface. Alkyds are used more in artist paints than house paints.
Sometimes additives are used as fillers to give the paint body without affecting its properties, e.g. calcium carbonate, but often they are added to enhance its properties such as improving resistance to mould, controlling drying, reducing susceptibility to marking, or making the paint easier to apply.
Types of additives include:
- Dispersing agents – m ake pigments spread more evenly over a surface.
- Preservatives – prevent paint spoiling in storage.
- Anti-mildew agents – deter mildew.
- Rheology agents – improve durability, affect the flow of liquids
- Stabilisers – deter damage to paint from a variety of things (e.g. temperature extremes, UV light).
- Plasticisers – make paints spread more evenly.
- Curing additives – enable paint to dry quicker.
- Co-solvents – improve viscosity.
The following are examples of typical paint mixes:
White emulsion (acrylic) – solvent 44%, pigment 25%, binder 14%, extender 12%, additives 5%.
White gloss (alkyd) – solvent 40%, pigment 30%, binder 25%, additives 5%.
How Paints Work
Now that you have seen what paints are made of, it is easier to determine how they are able to provide a finish on surfaces. When the individual constituents of paints are mixed, the individual powdered pigment particles become coated in the binder in a process called wetting out. Solvent produces the preferred consistency, and additives are then mixed in.
Paints work by the liquid acting as a carrier fluid carrying the other (dissolved) components onto the painted surface. After painting, the carrier fluid then evaporates and leaves behind the solid components as a thin residue which provides a solid film over the surface which was painted.
There are broadly four types of painted surfaces:
- Solvent-based – uses organic solvents such as esters, hydrocarbons, alcohols, or ketones.
- Water-borne – uses water as a solvent.
- High solid – have a higher proportion of solids.
- Powder-coated – powder only.
The first three use a carrier fluid; but powder coating applies the paint without any carrier fluid. Instead the pigments, binders and additives are applied in a powdered form.
Solvent-based paints are what might be called conventional paints. They are very versatile and have been widely used. However, you need a lot of paint to cover a small area and they also emit a high level of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) due to the solvent being highly atomised.
The other types of paints produce fewer VOCs and are therefore better for the health of those using the paints, and the environment in general. One drawback with other types of paints is that they usually require more surface preparation before painting since the paints don’t spread as easily.
Assessment is based on a combination of completing all assignments and sitting for a final short one and a half hour exam, in your own location.
If you don’t cope well with exams then you may elect to undertake a project instead. This is a popular option.
In addition, most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson placed before the assignment. This is an opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge and skills and practical experience. This ADL feature is an added bonus not found at most online schools. Set Tasks are not required for assessment.
Some courses also have optional Self-Tests which are available on our online learning platform. These are not available by correspondence or by USB, and do not form part of your overall grade.
How our courses work
- Choose Your Learning Method
You choose how you would like to receive your course material, i.e., Online, USB or Correspondence. The choice is yours. You may also work on online or offline.
- Tutor Allocation
Every student is assigned their own dedicated tutor who is an expert in their subject area. They provide as much or as little individual contact as you require. You can contact your tutor whenever you need – your hours are not limited.
- Feedback and Assignments
Tutor Feedback is an essential component in helping you understand the subject matter. Tutor feedback is given in the form of notes written on the assignment. We encourage you to contact your Tutor where help with clarification and understanding of course material may be required.
Your assignments are located at the end of each lesson. You submit them for marking whenever you are ready. There is no time limit.
- Set Tasks and Self-Tests
Most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson before for the assignment. This is where you get the opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge, skills and practical experience. Many modules also have short Self-Tests.
Once all assignments have been completed you may then elect to sit for a one and half hour exam in your own location. If you prefer not to take the exam you do have the option to undertake a project instead.
Once the exam or project part of the course is completed, your Certificate is then processed. Please allow approximately 4 weeks for this.
- Design Your Own Qualification
ADL offers students the flexibility to self-design their own qualification – bundling together a combination of 100-hour modules into a qualification higher than a certificate.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Due to our years of experience and wide range of online courses, here are a list of our FAQs and Answers asked by Students.
Q. Do I need to buy text books?
A. No, you are not required to purchase expensive text books for any of our courses, since each module has been written by highly qualified tutors and writers, and our courses are updated on a regular basis, adding new information, methods and knowledge. You are supplied with all “essential” references. Extra books are always useful though, especially for special projects. Tutors will advise you what to buy if you decide you would like to have extra reading material, but it is not essential. Check out our eBookstore if you’re looking for a starting point.
Q. What sets the Academy apart from other institutions?
A. A unique feature of our courses is that we combine knowledge of the subject matter with practical tasks (set tasks, found at the end of each lesson). So you get to do practical components in each lesson. The benefits of this approach are immense: – your skills and knowledge are developed to a much higher level not normally found at other distance learning institutions.
Q. How do the practical exercises (set tasks) work?
A. The practical component of each lesson can be in the form of : Field Research, Networking and Analysis, Conducting Surveys, Growing, Collecting, Photographing and Processes.
Q. Can I pay by instalments?
A. Yes, you can view all available payment options here.
Q. Are there any hidden costs?
A. There are no hidden extras – the tuition fee covers all course material, unlimited tutor support, assignment marking/feedback and any text books where specified and exams. The only extras are for the public examinations fees for the ICB Bookkeeping course and the RHS (Royal Horticulture Society) exams.
Q. Are your courses up-to date?
A. Our courses are continually updated. The course content is rapidly updated and improved without the red tape and bureaucracy experienced at other educational institutions.
Q. Do you have a Cancellation policy?
A. We have a cancellation policy that is fair and equitable. For further details please click here.
Q. What Recognition do you have?
A. The Academy for Distance Learning has various forms of recognition:
These include TQUK (Training Qualifications UK) – an Ofqual Awarding Organisation – ADL is an approved TQUK Centre.
IARC – International Approval Registration Centre, approved member. Accredited Training Provider for ICB (Institute of Certified Bookkeepers) and Approved Distance Learning Provider for the RHS (Royal Horticultural Society) and many more. Our graduates come from many parts of the world and have used our qualifications for successful employment and progression onto higher education. To view our full list of recognition and memberships please click here,
Q. Will I have any opportunity to engage with other students?
A. We have a Student Community group based on facebook! If you don’t have a facebook account already, you could make one just for talking with fellow students on the group.
Q. Why should I enrol with the Academy for Distance Learning?
A. Here at the Academy our students are our priority – we treat every student as a unique individual. This philosophy allows us to nurture those who are “slow and steady” learners rather than letting them fall through the cracks, while catering for those who are in a hurry to complete.
Q. Can I study from anywhere in the world?
A. Our courses are available to anyone, anywhere in the world from the comfort of your own home. The course content is relevant to any country, culture or economy.
Q. Completing the course- how long will it take?
A. Completion of modules varies from student to student. Many factors come into play such as work commitments and family life- there are always distractions. Some students work quicker than others. For a 100 hour module many students will take up to 3- 6 months, others take less time and some are even longer. It’s all up to you. There is no pressure to complete or deadline to finish. Naturally, longer courses will take more time.
Q. What learning formats are there?
A. Your enrollment comes with the Online Classroom study option by default. For a small additional cost you also have the options of USB or Correspondence.
USB: Your course is sent to you on a USB stick, so that you can carry it in your pocket. Ideal for those with unreliable internet connections. This option is an additional £5/module
Correspondence: You download the course content and then print your own copy to your requirements. You can then bind the lessons to suit your needs.
Q. Assessment – how does it work?
A. For each 100 hour module you are assessed by assignments (at the end of each lesson) and a final one and a half hour exam (or you may elect to complete a project instead of sitting the exam) – the choice is yours – you sit for the exam in your own location, or you can visit us in Canterbury, England to sit the exam if want to. Exam fees are included in the tuition fee you paid. You can read more about the examination process here. At the end of each lesson, there is an assignment. You submit it to the academy who then submits it to the tutor for marking, comments and feedback. Our policy is to have a grade for you within 5 to 7 days.
Q. How many assignments do I need to complete for each module?
A. At the end of each lesson, there is an assignment – so if a course has say, 10 lessons there would be 10 assignments. The number of lessons per module varies from module to module. See the course content from our website for further details.
Q. When do I have to hand in my first assignment?
A. There is no deadline for handing in the first assignment. Submit when you are ready. There are some students who hand in assignments within the first couple of weeks of enrolment – while there are others who submit their work 6 months later. It’s all at your own convenience to suit you. Everyone has different work and home commitments and we cater to these needs.
Q. I am having difficulty attending workshops/industry meetings, what can be done?
A. If your course requires attendance at workshops, conferences, or industry meetings; alternative arrangements can be made in your country; however, there may be an additional expense. We can appoint an appropriately qualified person anywhere to work through curriculum documentation supplied by us, to satisfy the requirements set down in a course.
Q. What qualification will I receive?
A. For individual modules, you would receive a Certificate (providing you complete all assignments and the exam). If you just want to complete the assignments only, then a Letter of Achievement would be awarded. For more details on qualifications awarded please click here.
Q. Is there a next level to progress to?
A. Yes – you can progress from one module to a combination of many modules and to higher qualifications i.e. Advanced Certificates, Diplomas and Higher Advanced Diplomas. Read more about course levels here.
Q. Can I customize my diploma/higher qualification?
A. Not all educational institution’s certificates /diplomas meet everyone’s needs. The opportunity to design your own diploma at the Academy (subject to our approval) is an added bonus, not found at other colleges. It’s a very popular option and widely used by many students. You quite simply choose the appropriate number of related modules needed to complete the qualification and submit them to us for approval as a custom diploma.
Q. What do I get when I complete the course? Will I receive a transcript?
A. At the completion of a 100-hour Certificate course and providing all assignments and exam have been completed, you will receive a Certificate and Transcript. The Transcript will list your GPA. Each 100-hour module is worth 3 credit hours.
Q. Do I have to sit for an exam?
A. Exams are optional but need to be undertaken in order to receive the Certificate or higher qualification. Exams are one and a half hours long. You appoint an adjudicator (subject to our approval) to supervise the exam. You sit for the exam in your own location. Its that simple.
Q. I don’t cope well with exams – what can I do?
A. If you feel you don’t cope well with exams you may elect to undertake a Project (set by the tutor) instead of sitting the exam. Many students prefer this option as they find researching the material for the project sharpens their research skills.
Q. If I don’t sit for the Exam do I still get a qualification?
A. If you don’t sit for the exam but complete the project alternative, you will still receive your endorsed qualification. If you don’t sit for an exam or complete a final project, providing you have completed all the assignments you will be awarded a Certificate of Achievement.
Q. Do I have to sit for the exam at the Academy?
A. No – whilst you are more than welcome to come to our location in Canterbury, U.K. and sit the exam in our classroom; the more popular option is to sit for the exam in your own location. You appoint an adjudicator to supervise the exam. Click here for more information on that process.
Q. Our tutors – who are they?
A. We only employ tutors who have are currently active in their industry with at least 5 years of real-world experience. Not only are they highly qualified but also experienced, knowledgeable, and professional- experts in their chosen fields from all parts of the world.
Q. Can I contact my tutor at any time?
A. Yes- you have unlimited access to tutors. We strongly encourage students to develop a dialogue with their Tutor. This is why we encourage students to submit their first assignment fairly quickly at the beginning of the course.
Every Academy student is assigned a tutor who supports you throughout your course and beyond. Your tutor is there to guide and facilitate your learning and provides as much or as little individual contact as you would like. When you submit your coursework the tutor will give you feedback that helps you develop your ideas and provides motivation. For those who do like to have interaction with other students, the ADL discussion forum connects you to students from all over the world.
Q. How do I contact my tutor?
A. You have direct contact with your tutor by email through the Online Classroom. Alternatively, you can write, fax, email, or phone the academy. Leave a message if your tutor isn’t available and they will phone, write or fax back; whatever suits you.
Q. If I don’t understand a question or a lesson may I contact the tutor?
A. You may contact a tutor as often as you like. There is no additional charge or restriction on this service. Contact can be made via the Student Zone, email, or by phone.
Q. Practical work – How is this done?
A. To find out more about this part of the course please visit the section on How Our Courses Work here.
What your tuition fees include
There are no hidden extras
FAQ - RHS Theory Qualifications
If you require further details about any of the RHS industry recognised qualifications please, call one of our friendly RHS Course Advisors on +44 (0)1227 789 649 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Q: When can I Enrol/Start My RHS Course With ADL?
A: Anytime, Anywhere. There are no enrolment deadlines.
Q: I live Overseas. Can I Study From Overseas?
A: You can study any of the RHS theory qualifications overseas. All courses are offered in English. You will need to email RHS Qualifications direct to arrange sitting for your examination overseas.
Q: Is There a Time Limit for Completing an RHS Qualification?
A: At present there are no time limits. However, RHS is contemplating in the future, the introduction of course time-lines.
Q: Are There Any Entry Requirements (Pre-Requisites)?
A: The RHS Theory courses do not require prerequisites, previous experience or any knowledge of horticulture. You just need passion for all things horticulture.
Q: What Course Should I Start With First? I Am New To RHS Qualifications.
A: We highly recommend that you start with Level 2 – Principles of Garden Planning, Establishment and Maintenance.
Q: What Does ADL Course Material Include?
A: Includes Power Point Presentations, Videos and written course lessons.
Q: When Do Exams Take Place?
A: Exams are held on fixed dates in February and June of each year. You should register as a candidate at least 3 months before these dates, so please do not leave exam registration to the last minute
Q: Where Do I Take My Exams?
A: UK: You take the exams at the RHS Wisley Centre, located between Cobham and Ripley in Surrey or at other authorised RHS centres around the UK.
Overseas: please email RHS qualifications direct for centre information.
Q: Exam Pass Marks?
A: Module – pass 50%. Commendation 70%.
Qualification: 50% pass for all modules.
Commendation awarded for all modules.
Each question carries a value of 10 marks.
Q: I’m Not Happy With My Exam Results?
A: You have the opportunity to re-sit your exam at the next opportunity.
There are no restrictions on the number of re-sits you can take. The highest mark you achieve will remain.,