Call us: +44 (0)1227 789 649 - Monday to Friday 9am to 5pm
Biochemistry II (Molecules)
Biochemistry II - Molecules 100 Hours Certificate Course (Pre-Medical Program)
Learn About Biochemistry II (Molecules)
Biochemistry II BSC203 course online. Strengthen your biochemical knowledge and further your career ! Learn about the important building blocks of life including: Amino acids, proteins, sugars, polysaccharides, lipids, enzymes, vitamins, hormones, RNA and DNA.
This course focuses on biochemical molecules. Students would normally have completed Plant or Animal Biochemistry , before attempting this module.
This course is included as a module in the Advanced Diploma in Medical Science (Pre-Medical), which has been endorsed by TQUK - Training Qualifications UK, an Ofqual Approved Awarding Organisation.
Lesson Structure: Biochemistry II BSC203
There are 9 lessons:
1 Introduction to Biochemical Molecules
- What is Biochemistry?
- Cells: Prokaryote Cells, Eukaryote Cells, Viruses and Prions
- Biomolecules: Proteins, Carbohydrates, Lipids, Nucleic Acids, Vitamins and Co-enzymes, Hormones and Neurotransmitters
- Metabolic Processes: Catabolism, Anabolism
2 Amino Acids
- Amino Acids: Biochemical Nomenclature
- Amino Acid Properties: Acidic and Basic, Hydrophilic and Hydrophobic, Polarity of the Side Chain, Amino Acid Polarity, Non standard Amino Acids
- Genetic Coding of Amino Acids: Terminology
3 Structure of Proteins
- Proteins: Protein Functions, Primary Structure, Secondary Structure, Tertiary Structure, Quaternary Structure
- What are Fibrous Proteins? Collagen, Elastin, Keratin, Globular Proteins, Albumin
- Cofactors and Conformation
- Post-Translational Modifications
- Protein Denaturation
- Protein Degredation
4 Protein Dynamics
- Protein Folding
- Molecular Chaperones
- Heat Shock Proteins: HSP90, HSP70, HSP60, Small Heat Shock Proteins
- The Importance of Understanding Protein Structure
- Structural Evolution of Proteins
- Dynamics of Haem Proteins
5 Sugars and Polysaccharides
- Saccharides: Monosaccharides, Oligosaccharides, Polysaccharides, Lectins
- Polysaccharide Bonds
- Polysaccharide Function
- Classification of Monosaccharides: Ring or Chain Types
- Complex Sugars: Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides, Cellulose
6 Lipids (Fats) and Membranes
- Lipids: Fatty Acids, Tryacilglicerols, Neutral Lipids, Phospholipids, Glycolipids, Terpenoids
- Cellular Membranes
7 Enzymes, Vitamins and Hormones
- Enzymes: Coenzymes
- Vitamins: Vitamin Classification, Reviewing Vitamin C
8 DNA and RNA
- Nucleic Acids: Structure of DNA, Types of RNA, Messenger RNA, Transfer RNAs, Ribosomal RNA, Terminology
- DNA Replication
- Interesting Facts about DNA
9 Laboratory Techniques
- Laboratory Health and Safety
- Common Experimental Methods: DNA Methods, Protein Methods, General Methods
Learning Goals: Biochemistry II BSC203
- Learn the characteristics of biochemical molecules and to distinguish between different groups of biochemical molecules
- Describe the structural characteristics and other properties that differentiate standard amino acids one from another
- Learn about the structures of different proteins (both covalent and 3-dimensional)
- Describe common protein dynamics including folding, structural evolution and haemoglobin function
- Describe the structure and dynamics of different types of saccharides and polysaccharides
- Understand the composition and structure of both lipids and membranes
- Describe the structure and dynamics of different types of enzymes, vitamins and hormones
- Describe the structure and function of different types of nucleic acids including DNA and RNA
- Become familiar with some of the basic laboratory techniques used in biochemistry and to appreciate the importance of safety in the laboratory
Practical (Set Tasks)
- Describe some of the main differences between prokaryote and eukaryote cells
- Explain mitochondria and why are they important for cellular functioning in eukaryotes
- Explain the difference between dextrorotary and levorotary molecules
- Explain the difference between standard and non-standard amino acids
- Name the bond that is created between two adjacent amino acids in a chain, and state what two chemical groups are involved in forming this bond
- Name some of the methods used today to determine the amino acid sequence of a polypeptide
- State common causes of protein denaturation
- Explain why sickle cell anaemia is called a 'molecular disease'
- List the main types of secondary structure present in proteins and the structural categories of proteinsInclude examples
- Name the bond that can form between cysteine residues in a polypeptide and explain why these are important
- Explain why polypeptide or protein folding is important
- Comment on the statement that 'proteins and enzymes have static structures'
- Describe what might be required for a protein to fold efficiently into its active (or native) conformation
- Define polysaccharides
- Name one polysaccharide important in nature and describe its structure
- Explain glycoproteins
- Classify lipids
- Explain why fats are an efficient form of energy storage
- Draw a saturated and non-saturated hydrocarbon
- State what class of biomolecules enzymes belong to
- Explain the role of enzymes in metabolism
- Explain how the flux of reactants through metabolic pathways can be controlled via enzyme regulation
- Do an Internet search to find out information on the structure of DNA proposed by Watson and Crick in 1953Discuss the significance of their findings
- Name the four nucleotide bases that DNA is composed of and state which bases can pair with each other on opposite strands.
- Describe the structure of DNA (B-DNA) with as many of the essential features as you can list.
- Describe the equipment used for gel and paper electrophoresis and the operation principles.
- List some methods for purifying and studying proteins along with a brief description of each method.
- List some of the properties of proteins that form the basis for their purification and separation from each other.
Assessment is based on a combination of completing all assignments and sitting for a final short one and a half hour exam, in your own location.
If you don’t cope well with exams then you may elect to undertake a project instead. This is a popular option.
In addition, most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson placed before the assignment. This is an opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge and skills and practical experience. This ADL feature is an added bonus not found at most online schools. Set Tasks are not required for assessment.
Some courses also have optional Self-Tests which are available on our online learning platform. These are not available by correspondence or by USB, and do not form part of your overall grade.
How our courses work
- Choose Your Learning Method
You choose how you would like to receive your course material, i.e., Online, USB or Correspondence. The choice is yours. You may also work on online or offline.
- Tutor Allocation
Every student is assigned their own dedicated tutor who is an expert in their subject area. They provide as much or as little individual contact as you require. You can contact your tutor whenever you need – your hours are not limited.
- Feedback and Assignments
Tutor Feedback is an essential component in helping you understand the subject matter. Tutor feedback is given in the form of notes written on the assignment. We encourage you to contact your Tutor where help with clarification and understanding of course material may be required.
Your assignments are located at the end of each lesson. You submit them for marking whenever you are ready. There is no time limit.
- Set Tasks and Self-Tests
Most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson before for the assignment. This is where you get the opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge, skills and practical experience. Many modules also have short Self-Tests.
Once all assignments have been completed you may then elect to sit for a one and half hour exam in your own location. If you prefer not to take the exam you do have the option to undertake a project instead.
Once the exam or project part of the course is completed, your Certificate is then processed. Please allow approximately 4 weeks for this.
- Design Your Own Qualification
ADL offers students the flexibility to self-design their own qualification – bundling together a combination of 100-hour modules into a qualification higher than a certificate.
What your tuition fees include
- All Course Material via Online, USB or Correspondence
- Assignments Marked
- Professional Tutor Feedback
- Set Tasks - Practical Exercises to help you develop skills
- Self-Tests – multiple choice questions at the end of lessons in most modules
- Unlimited Personal Tutor Support – via our student classroom
- Committed and Friendly Admin Support – vital to your success
- ADL Ebook where relevant
- All ADL Exam or Project fees (exception RHS exams)
- Qualification Certificate
- Official Transcript with assignment grades
- Student Manual
- Academic Writing course (optional - 10 hours only)
- Critical Thinking course (optional - 10 hours only)
- Job Seekers Careers Guide
- Study Tips on How To Study Better
- Career Counselling by ADL Staff
- CV Writing Help, Tips and Advice