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Biochemistry II (Molecules)
Biochemistry II - Molecules 100 Hours Certificate Course (Pre-Medical Program)
Learn About Biochemistry II (Molecules)
Biochemistry II BSC203 course online. Strengthen your biochemical knowledge and further your career ! Learn about the important building blocks of life including: Amino acids, proteins, sugars, polysaccharides, lipids, enzymes, vitamins, hormones, RNA and DNA.
This course focuses on biochemical molecules. Students would normally have completed Plant or Animal Biochemistry , before attempting this module.
This course is included as a module in the Advanced Diploma in Medical Science (Pre-Medical), which has been endorsed by TQUK - Training Qualifications UK, an Ofqual Approved Awarding Organisation.
Lesson Structure: Biochemistry II BSC203
There are 9 lessons:
1 Introduction to Biochemical Molecules
- What is Biochemistry?
- Cells: Prokaryote Cells, Eukaryote Cells, Viruses and Prions
- Biomolecules: Proteins, Carbohydrates, Lipids, Nucleic Acids, Vitamins and Co-enzymes, Hormones and Neurotransmitters
- Metabolic Processes: Catabolism, Anabolism
2 Amino Acids
- Amino Acids: Biochemical Nomenclature
- Amino Acid Properties: Acidic and Basic, Hydrophilic and Hydrophobic, Polarity of the Side Chain, Amino Acid Polarity, Non standard Amino Acids
- Genetic Coding of Amino Acids: Terminology
3 Structure of Proteins
- Proteins: Protein Functions, Primary Structure, Secondary Structure, Tertiary Structure, Quaternary Structure
- What are Fibrous Proteins? Collagen, Elastin, Keratin, Globular Proteins, Albumin
- Cofactors and Conformation
- Post-Translational Modifications
- Protein Denaturation
- Protein Degredation
4 Protein Dynamics
- Protein Folding
- Molecular Chaperones
- Heat Shock Proteins: HSP90, HSP70, HSP60, Small Heat Shock Proteins
- The Importance of Understanding Protein Structure
- Structural Evolution of Proteins
- Dynamics of Haem Proteins
5 Sugars and Polysaccharides
- Saccharides: Monosaccharides, Oligosaccharides, Polysaccharides, Lectins
- Polysaccharide Bonds
- Polysaccharide Function
- Classification of Monosaccharides: Ring or Chain Types
- Complex Sugars: Monosaccharides, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides, Cellulose
6 Lipids (Fats) and Membranes
- Lipids: Fatty Acids, Tryacilglicerols, Neutral Lipids, Phospholipids, Glycolipids, Terpenoids
- Cellular Membranes
7 Enzymes, Vitamins and Hormones
- Enzymes: Coenzymes
- Vitamins: Vitamin Classification, Reviewing Vitamin C
8 DNA and RNA
- Nucleic Acids: Structure of DNA, Types of RNA, Messenger RNA, Transfer RNAs, Ribosomal RNA, Terminology
- DNA Replication
- Interesting Facts about DNA
9 Laboratory Techniques
- Laboratory Health and Safety
- Common Experimental Methods: DNA Methods, Protein Methods, General Methods
Learning Goals: Biochemistry II BSC203
- Learn the characteristics of biochemical molecules and to distinguish between different groups of biochemical molecules
- Describe the structural characteristics and other properties that differentiate standard amino acids one from another
- Learn about the structures of different proteins (both covalent and 3-dimensional)
- Describe common protein dynamics including folding, structural evolution and haemoglobin function
- Describe the structure and dynamics of different types of saccharides and polysaccharides
- Understand the composition and structure of both lipids and membranes
- Describe the structure and dynamics of different types of enzymes, vitamins and hormones
- Describe the structure and function of different types of nucleic acids including DNA and RNA
- Become familiar with some of the basic laboratory techniques used in biochemistry and to appreciate the importance of safety in the laboratory
Practical (Set Tasks)
- Describe some of the main differences between prokaryote and eukaryote cells
- Explain mitochondria and why are they important for cellular functioning in eukaryotes
- Explain the difference between dextrorotary and levorotary molecules
- Explain the difference between standard and non-standard amino acids
- Name the bond that is created between two adjacent amino acids in a chain, and state what two chemical groups are involved in forming this bond
- Name some of the methods used today to determine the amino acid sequence of a polypeptide
- State common causes of protein denaturation
- Explain why sickle cell anaemia is called a 'molecular disease'
- List the main types of secondary structure present in proteins and the structural categories of proteinsInclude examples
- Name the bond that can form between cysteine residues in a polypeptide and explain why these are important
- Explain why polypeptide or protein folding is important
- Comment on the statement that 'proteins and enzymes have static structures'
- Describe what might be required for a protein to fold efficiently into its active (or native) conformation
- Define polysaccharides
- Name one polysaccharide important in nature and describe its structure
- Explain glycoproteins
- Classify lipids
- Explain why fats are an efficient form of energy storage
- Draw a saturated and non-saturated hydrocarbon
- State what class of biomolecules enzymes belong to
- Explain the role of enzymes in metabolism
- Explain how the flux of reactants through metabolic pathways can be controlled via enzyme regulation
- Do an Internet search to find out information on the structure of DNA proposed by Watson and Crick in 1953Discuss the significance of their findings
- Name the four nucleotide bases that DNA is composed of and state which bases can pair with each other on opposite strands.
- Describe the structure of DNA (B-DNA) with as many of the essential features as you can list.
- Describe the equipment used for gel and paper electrophoresis and the operation principles.
- List some methods for purifying and studying proteins along with a brief description of each method.
- List some of the properties of proteins that form the basis for their purification and separation from each other.
Assessment is based on a combination of completing all assignments and sitting for a final short one and a half hour exam, in your own location.
If you don’t cope well with exams then you may elect to undertake a project instead. This is a popular option.
In addition, most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson placed before the assignment. This is an opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge and skills and practical experience. This ADL feature is an added bonus not found at most online schools. Set Tasks are not required for assessment.
Some courses also have optional Self-Tests which are available on our online learning platform. These are not available by correspondence or by USB, and do not form part of your overall grade.
How our courses work
- Choose Your Learning Method
You choose how you would like to receive your course material, i.e., Online, USB or Correspondence. The choice is yours. You may also work on online or offline.
- Tutor Allocation
Every student is assigned their own dedicated tutor who is an expert in their subject area. They provide as much or as little individual contact as you require. You can contact your tutor whenever you need – your hours are not limited.
- Feedback and Assignments
Tutor Feedback is an essential component in helping you understand the subject matter. Tutor feedback is given in the form of notes written on the assignment. We encourage you to contact your Tutor where help with clarification and understanding of course material may be required.
Your assignments are located at the end of each lesson. You submit them for marking whenever you are ready. There is no time limit.
- Set Tasks and Self-Tests
Most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson before for the assignment. This is where you get the opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge, skills and practical experience. Many modules also have short Self-Tests.
Once all assignments have been completed you may then elect to sit for a one and half hour exam in your own location. If you prefer not to take the exam you do have the option to undertake a project instead.
Once the exam or project part of the course is completed, your Certificate is then processed. Please allow approximately 4 weeks for this.
- Design Your Own Qualification
ADL offers students the flexibility to self-design their own qualification – bundling together a combination of 100-hour modules into a qualification higher than a certificate.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Here is a list of the most often asked FAQ’s.
Q. Why should I enrol with the Academy for Distance Learning?
A. Here at ADL, our students are our priority – we treat everyone as a unique individual.
Q. Do I need to buy text books?
A. No, as each module has been written by highly qualified industry professionals. The content of the material is presented in such a way that text books are not required. However, if you require additional reading your tutor will be able to supply a list.
Q. What happens if I have to stop studying for a while? (eg. become sick, go on holidays, have a baby, move house, etc)
A. It’s OK to take a break and start up your study at a later point in time. Just let us know.
Q. Is there an age limit?
A. There is no maximum age limit. We do however, have a minimum age limit of 18 years. Below that age parental consent would be required.
Q. Are your courses up-to date?
A. Our courses are revised and updated on a rotation system.
Q. Do you have a Cancellation policy?
A. Yes. We have a cancellation policy that is fair and equitable. For further details please click here.
Q. Will I have any opportunity to engage with other students?
A. We have a Student Community group based on facebook! If you don’t have a facebook account already, you could make one just for talking with fellow students on the group.
Q. When can I enrol/start?
A. You may enrol and start at any time of the year – it’s all self- paced.
Q. Can I study from anywhere in the world?
A. Our courses are available to anyone, anywhere in the world from the comfort of your own home. The course content is relevant to any country, culture or economy.
Q. How long do I have to complete the course?
A. You complete the course at any time that is convenient for you.
Q. Completing a 100 hour module – how long will it take?
A. For some students a 100 hour module will take approximately to 3- 6 months to complete. Others take less time and some even longer.
Q. Assessment – how does it work?
A. For each 100 hour module you are assessed by assignments (at the end of each lesson) and a final one and a half hour exam (or you may elect to complete a Project, instead of sitting the exam) – the choice is yours – you sit for the exam in your own location.
Q. I don’t cope well with exams – what can I do?
A. You may elect to undertake a Project (set by your tutor) instead of sitting the exam. Projects are completed from your home and can usually take a couple of weeks to complete.
Q. If my assignment is not up to standard is there an opportunity to resubmit my work?
A. Yes –
Q. How many assignments do I need to complete for each module?
A. At the end of each lesson, there is an assignment – so if a course has say, 10 lessons, there would be 10 assignments.
Q. I am having difficulty attending workshops/industry meetings, what can be done?
A. If your course requires attendance at workshops, conferences, or industry meetings; alternative arrangements can be made in your country.
Q. What qualification will I receive?
A. For individual modules, you would be awarded a Certificate endorsed by TQUK (Training Qualifications, UK), providing you complete all assignments and the exam. If you just want to complete only the assignments and not sit for the exam or finish a Project, then a Letter of Achievement would be awarded. For more details on qualifications available please click here.
Q. Can I customize my diploma/higher qualification?
A. Not all educational institution’s certificates /diplomas meet everyone’s needs. The opportunity to Design Your Own Diploma at the Academy (subject to our approval) is an added bonus, not found at other colleges. You choose modules that you think will help you in achieving your goal.
Q. What do I get when I complete the course? Will I receive a transcript?
A. At the completion of all courses and providing all assignments and exam requirements have been met, you will receive your Award and a Transcript.
Q. Our tutors – who are they?
A. We appoint Tutors and require that they must be currently active in their industry, with at least 5 years’ experience in their chosen profession.
Q. Can I contact my tutor at any time?
A. Yes – you have unlimited access to your tutor via email through our Online Classroom. You can always leave a message with ADL requesting your tutor to contact you. You decide on how much or how little contact you wish to have.
Q. Practical work – How is this done?
A. To find out more about this part of the course please visit the section on How Our Courses Work here.
What your tuition fees include
- All Course Material via Online, USB or Correspondence
- Assignments Marked
- Professional Tutor Feedback
- Set Tasks - Practical Exercises to help you develop skills
- Self-Tests – multiple choice questions at the end of lessons in most modules
- Unlimited Personal Tutor Support – via our student classroom
- Committed and Friendly Admin Support – vital to your success
- All ADL Exam or Project fees (exception RHS exams)
- Qualification Certificate
- Official Transcript with assignment grades
- Student Manual
- Academic Writing course (optional - 10 hours only)
- Critical Thinking course (optional - 10 hours only)
- Job Seekers Careers Guide
- Study Tips on How To Study Better
- Career Counselling by ADL Staff
- CV Writing Help, Tips and Advice
There are no hidden extras
FAQ - RHS Theory Qualifications
If you require further details about any of the RHS industry recognised qualifications please, call one of our friendly RHS Course Advisors on +44 (0)1227 789 649 or email: [email protected]
Q: When can I Enrol/Start My RHS Course With ADL?
A: Anytime, Anywhere. There are no enrolment deadlines.
Q: I live Overseas. Can I Study From Overseas?
A: You can study any of the RHS theory qualifications overseas. All courses are offered in English. You will need to email RHS Qualifications direct to arrange sitting for your examination overseas.
Q: Is There a Time Limit for Completing an RHS Qualification?
A: At present there are no time limits. However, RHS is contemplating in the future, the introduction of course time-lines.
Q: Are There Any Entry Requirements (Pre-Requisites)?
A: The RHS Theory courses do not require prerequisites, previous experience or any knowledge of horticulture. You just need passion for all things horticulture.
Q: What Course Should I Start With First? I Am New To RHS Qualifications.
A: We highly recommend that you start with Level 2 – Principles of Garden Planning, Establishment and Maintenance.
Q: What Does ADL Course Material Include?
A: Includes Power Point Presentations, Videos and written course lessons.
Q: When Do Exams Take Place?
A: Exams are held on fixed dates in February and June of each year. You should register as a candidate at least 3 months before these dates, so please do not leave exam registration to the last minute
Q: Where Do I Take My Exams?
A: UK: You take the exams at the RHS Wisley Centre, located between Cobham and Ripley in Surrey or at other authorised RHS centres around the UK.
Overseas: please email RHS qualifications direct for centre information.
Q: Exam Pass Marks?
A: Module – pass 50%. Commendation 70%.
Qualification: 50% pass for all modules.
Commendation awarded for all modules.
Each question carries a value of 10 marks.
Q: I’m Not Happy With My Exam Results?
A: You have the opportunity to re-sit your exam at the next opportunity.
There are no restrictions on the number of re-sits you can take. The highest mark you achieve will remain.,