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Cutting Propagation 100 Hours Certificate Course
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Learn About Cutting Propagation
Cutting Propagation course online
Become an expert at cut flower growing with this Cutting Propagation Online Course from ADL
Cut flower growing has experienced rapid expansion in recent decades, resulting in increased demand for training in the skills and knowledge required by this industry in increasingly affluent countries. This course provides a thorough basic training for the commercial cut flower grower.
Lesson Structure: Cutting Propagation BHT211
There are 8 lessons:
- The principles of propagating plants by cuttings
- Importance of cuttings
- Phenotype vs genotype,
- Why choose cutting propagation
- Where to get cuttings from
- Basic cutting technique.
2 Stem cuttings.
- Ease with which tissue forms roots
- Types of stem cuttings (softwood, hardwood, semi hardwood, herbaceous, tip, heel, nodal, cane etc)
- Treatments (eg. basal heat, mist, tent, etc), testing rooting, etc.
3 Non-stem cuttings.
- Leaf cuttings
- Root cuttings (natural suckering with or without division
- Induced suckering
- In situ whole root cuttings
- Ex situ detached root cuttings)
- Bulb cuttings
- Scaling and twin scaling
- Basal cuttage.
4 Materials and equipment.
- Selection and maintenance of stock plants
- Disinfecting cutting material;
5 Growing media.
- Propagation media; biological, chemical and physical characteristics of propagation and potting media
- Testing for toxins
- Air filled porosity
- Potting up cuttings
- Soil-less mixes
- Rockwool, etc.
6 Factors affecting rooting.
- Cutting Treatments (hormones & their application, anti transparents
- Acid/base treatments
- Disinfectants etc)
- Carbon Dioxide enrichment, etc.
7 Setting up a propagation area.
- Creating and managing an appropriate cutting environment in terms of: Water; Disease; Temperature; Light and Air Quality. Greenhouses and other structures
- Watering methods (mist, fog, capillary etc), heating, etc.
8 Management of cutting crops.
- Estimating cost of production; Keeping records, etc.
Learning Goals: Cutting Propagation BHT211
- To familiarise the student with the principles of propagating plants by cuttings
- To develop an understanding of how to propagate plants from stem cuttings
- To develop an understanding of how to propagate plants from non-stem cuttings
- To develop an understanding of the materials and equipment used for propagating plants from stems
- To understand the principles of growing media in relation to cutting propagation
- To understand how and why cuttings form roots. To learn how to manipulate the formation of roots on cuttings
- To understand the principles for establishing successful plant propagation areas
- To understand the principles of nursery crop scheduling
Practical (Set Tasks)
Practicals – What You Will Do In This Course:
- Establish an area near where you live that can be used for the raising of cuttings ,It doesn’t need to be a greenhouse, just a sheltered place where you can raise the cuttings you will be asked to grow for this course.
- Select ten different plants that can be grown by stem cuttings. Practice preparing different types of cuttings until you feel you can do this well.
- Place samples of your cuttings in a propagating mix and place in the propagation area. Keep the mix moist and observe the behaviour of the cuttings. (eg. does it put on new leaves? Do changes in temperature effect growth? Do any cuttings die? etc. )Make notes of your observations. You will be asked questions about your results later in the course.
- Prepare leaf cuttings for five different plant species.
- Prepare root cuttings for five different plant species.
- Prepare bulb cuttings for five different plant species.
- Place samples of cuttings in a propagating mix.
- Visit three plant propagation nurseries and see if you can find out where they obtain their propagation material.
- Test soil samples and name them.
- Go to your local nursery and/or garden supply and find out what rooting hormones they sell. See if you can discover what chemicals the products contain.
- Visit three different commercial greenhouses.
- Prepare a pot of cuttings and estimate the cost of production for each cutting produced.
Assessment is based on a combination of completing all assignments and sitting for a final short one and a half hour exam, in your own location.
If you don’t cope well with exams then you may elect to undertake a project instead. This is a popular option.
In addition, most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson placed before the assignment. This is an opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge and skills and practical experience. This ADL feature is an added bonus not found at most online schools. Set Tasks are not required for assessment.
Some courses also have optional Self-Tests which are available on our online learning platform. These are not available by correspondence or by USB, and do not form part of your overall grade.
How our courses work
- Choose Your Learning Method
You choose how you would like to receive your course material, i.e., Online, USB or Correspondence. The choice is yours. You may also work on online or offline.
- Tutor Allocation
Every student is assigned their own dedicated tutor who is an expert in their subject area. They provide as much or as little individual contact as you require. You can contact your tutor whenever you need – your hours are not limited.
- Feedback and Assignments
Tutor Feedback is an essential component in helping you understand the subject matter. Tutor feedback is given in the form of notes written on the assignment. We encourage you to contact your Tutor where help with clarification and understanding of course material may be required.
Your assignments are located at the end of each lesson. You submit them for marking whenever you are ready. There is no time limit.
- Set Tasks and Self-Tests
Most modules have a Set Task at the end of each lesson before for the assignment. This is where you get the opportunity to undertake practical work to help you acquire knowledge, skills and practical experience. Many modules also have short Self-Tests.
Once all assignments have been completed you may then elect to sit for a one and half hour exam in your own location. If you prefer not to take the exam you do have the option to undertake a project instead.
Once the exam or project part of the course is completed, your Certificate is then processed. Please allow approximately 4 weeks for this.
- Design Your Own Qualification
ADL offers students the flexibility to self-design their own qualification – bundling together a combination of 100-hour modules into a qualification higher than a certificate.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Here is a list of the most often asked FAQ’s.
Q. Why should I enrol with the Academy for Distance Learning?
A. Here at ADL, our students are our priority – we treat everyone as a unique individual.
Q. Do I need to buy text books?
A. No, as each module has been written by highly qualified industry professionals. The content of the material is presented in such a way that text books are not required. However, if you require additional reading your tutor will be able to supply a list.
Q. What happens if I have to stop studying for a while? (eg. become sick, go on holidays, have a baby, move house, etc)
A. It’s OK to take a break and start up your study at a later point in time. Just let us know.
Q. Is there an age limit?
A. There is no maximum age limit. We do however, have a minimum age limit of 18 years. Below that age parental consent would be required.
Q. Are your courses up-to date?
A. Our courses are revised and updated on a rotation system.
Q. Do you have a Cancellation policy?
A. Yes. We have a cancellation policy that is fair and equitable. For further details please click here.
Q. Will I have any opportunity to engage with other students?
A. We have a Student Community group based on facebook! If you don’t have a facebook account already, you could make one just for talking with fellow students on the group.
Q. When can I enrol/start?
A. You may enrol and start at any time of the year – it’s all self- paced.
Q. Can I study from anywhere in the world?
A. Our courses are available to anyone, anywhere in the world from the comfort of your own home. The course content is relevant to any country, culture or economy.
Q. How long do I have to complete the course?
A. You complete the course at any time that is convenient for you.
Q. Completing a 100 hour module – how long will it take?
A. For some students a 100 hour module will take approximately to 3- 6 months to complete. Others take less time and some even longer.
Q. Assessment – how does it work?
A. For each 100 hour module you are assessed by assignments (at the end of each lesson) and a final one and a half hour exam (or you may elect to complete a Project, instead of sitting the exam) – the choice is yours – you sit for the exam in your own location.
Q. I don’t cope well with exams – what can I do?
A. You may elect to undertake a Project (set by your tutor) instead of sitting the exam. Projects are completed from your home and can usually take a couple of weeks to complete.
Q. If my assignment is not up to standard is there an opportunity to resubmit my work?
A. Yes –
Q. How many assignments do I need to complete for each module?
A. At the end of each lesson, there is an assignment – so if a course has say, 10 lessons, there would be 10 assignments.
Q. I am having difficulty attending workshops/industry meetings, what can be done?
A. If your course requires attendance at workshops, conferences, or industry meetings; alternative arrangements can be made in your country.
Q. What qualification will I receive?
A. For individual modules, you would be awarded a Certificate endorsed by TQUK (Training Qualifications, UK), providing you complete all assignments and the exam. If you just want to complete only the assignments and not sit for the exam or finish a Project, then a Letter of Achievement would be awarded. For more details on qualifications available please click here.
Q. Can I customize my diploma/higher qualification?
A. Not all educational institution’s certificates /diplomas meet everyone’s needs. The opportunity to Design Your Own Diploma at the Academy (subject to our approval) is an added bonus, not found at other colleges. You choose modules that you think will help you in achieving your goal.
Q. What do I get when I complete the course? Will I receive a transcript?
A. At the completion of all courses and providing all assignments and exam requirements have been met, you will receive your Award and a Transcript.
Q. Our tutors – who are they?
A. We appoint Tutors and require that they must be currently active in their industry, with at least 5 years’ experience in their chosen profession.
Q. Can I contact my tutor at any time?
A. Yes – you have unlimited access to your tutor via email through our Online Classroom. You can always leave a message with ADL requesting your tutor to contact you. You decide on how much or how little contact you wish to have.
Q. Practical work – How is this done?
A. To find out more about this part of the course please visit the section on How Our Courses Work here.
Excerpt From The Course
You will always improve your success in cutting propagation, if you use the right equipment and materials for the job.
Stock plants are those plants from which you take your cuttings or other vegetative material (e.g. bulbs, layers, divisions). Stock plants are frequently the most under-rated aspect of vegetative production.
Note: ‘Your Cuttings Are Only Ever As Good As The Plants They Come From!’
If your stock plants are in poor condition:
- Your cuttings may have a lower rate of success.
- Your cuttings may be slower to form roots.
- You may transmit pest or disease problems from your stock plants to other plants in your propagation bed or greenhouse.
- Your cuttings may not develop as strong a growth as they might otherwise.
Selecting Stock Plants
- Plants free of disease and pests.
- Plants which are true to type. The stock plants need to be correctly identified and clearly labelled.
- Plants which have been grown under preferred conditions.
- Plants which have been growing well.
- Plants which have been adequately fed, and are free from signs of any nutrient deficiency or leaf burn.
Selection of a ‘true-to-type’ cultivar is something which may require the expert knowledge of a botanist, a taxonomist or a horticulturist. Clonal selection, practised in some countries, involves careful selection of one plant of optimum quality and type. All stock plants are then propagated from this one parent plant.
CRITERIA FOR SELECTING PLANTS
When deciding what plants to grow or stock in a nursery, you should take into consideration the following criteria:
Ease of Propagation
Is it very easy, of average ease or difficult?
Very easy to propagate plants may bring a lower wholesale price, and their supply in the marketplace might be greater. Difficult plants may be more costly to produce, and more risky to get a profit from unless you have better than average skills.
Availability of Stock
Can it always be purchased in the form you want it (i.e. is seed or tube stock of the plant available for purchase). If the propagation material is to be imported you will need to consider quarantine restrictions.
Time to Grow It
Some plants can be ready to sell within months, others take many years. Plants that can be produced and sold quickly will generate income quickly.
Suitability to Your Facilities
Do you have the right buildings, propagation equipment and other facilities to grow the particular plants under consideration?
Do you have the money and the space to provide those facilities?
Suitability of Climate
What plants are most suitable to grow in your climate?
It is always more efficient to work with the environment rather than trying to modify environments.
Distance from Potential Markets
Transport is costly, and can be risky.
Your Staff’s Skills
Don’t try to do what you are not skilled to do.
Someone with more or specialist skills will probably do it better and cheaper.
Stock Plants Must Be Labelled CorrectlyAlways cross-check the spelling with a reputable publication – such as the Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary or Hortus.
Planting Out Stock Plants
Stock plants should be planted and maintained in the very best conditions. Aspect, light conditions, soil type, etc. should be considered carefully. Avoid areas that have been used in recent times for any form of crop production, particularly if crops grown in the area are in any way related to the stock plants you wish to grow, or the pests and diseases that are common to the crops that were grown are likely to be problems also for your stock plants.
Any stock plant area should be cleaned thoroughly before planting. Remove all weeds and rubbish from the area.
Stock plants should be kept apart from the main production area of a nursery, so that disease or pest problems in the nursery can be stopped before they infect the stock area.
Treatment throughout the Year
Pruning may be necessary to control the type of growth as well as the size and shape of the plant. Pruning a few months prior to taking cuttings can stimulate more growth of the type which is best suited for cuttings.
Feeding should be adequate, but be careful ‑ too much nitrogen can stimulate too much soft growth.
Irrigation is important, particularly during the main growing season.
Some types of plants (e.g. those grown from hardwood cuttings) may require very hard annual pruning to encourage suitable cutting material to develop for the next season.
FAQ - RHS Theory Qualifications
If you require further details about any of the RHS industry recognised qualifications please, call one of our friendly RHS Course Advisors on +44 (0)1227 789 649 or email: [email protected]
Q: When can I Enrol/Start My RHS Course With ADL?
A: Anytime, Anywhere. There are no enrolment deadlines.
Q: I live Overseas. Can I Study From Overseas?
A: You can study any of the RHS theory qualifications overseas. All courses are offered in English. You will need to email RHS Qualifications direct to arrange sitting for your examination overseas.
Q: Is There a Time Limit for Completing an RHS Qualification?
A: At present there are no time limits. However, RHS is contemplating in the future, the introduction of course time-lines.
Q: Are There Any Entry Requirements (Pre-Requisites)?
A: The RHS Theory courses do not require prerequisites, previous experience or any knowledge of horticulture. You just need passion for all things horticulture.
Q: What Course Should I Start With First? I Am New To RHS Qualifications.
A: We highly recommend that you start with Level 2 – Principles of Garden Planning, Establishment and Maintenance.
Q: What Does ADL Course Material Include?
A: Includes Power Point Presentations, Videos and written course lessons.
Q: When Do Exams Take Place?
A: Exams are held on fixed dates in February and June of each year. You should register as a candidate at least 3 months before these dates, so please do not leave exam registration to the last minute
Q: Where Do I Take My Exams?
A: UK: You take the exams at the RHS Wisley Centre, located between Cobham and Ripley in Surrey or at other authorised RHS centres around the UK.
Overseas: please email RHS qualifications direct for centre information.
Q: Exam Pass Marks?
A: Module – pass 50%. Commendation 70%.
Qualification: 50% pass for all modules.
Commendation awarded for all modules.
Each question carries a value of 10 marks.
Q: I’m Not Happy With My Exam Results?
A: You have the opportunity to re-sit your exam at the next opportunity.
There are no restrictions on the number of re-sits you can take. The highest mark you achieve will remain.,