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Pruning- ebook

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Pruning- ebook

Pruning mystifies many people. Some people never prune plants and still expect them to perform their best others constantly have a pair of pruners in their hands! Some plants do perfectly well without pruning – for example many trees are best left alone, unless they are damaged or have diseased limbs. Shrubs are best pruned because it improves appearance (makes them bushier and less woody) and also increases their longevity - because new growth appears as a response to pruning. Fruit trees are pruned to improve fruit size, to contain them and make harvesting easier and to encourage light and air through the plant which discourages fungal disease. 


There are many reasons for pruning and inside this book you will find:


•    Why, when, and what to prune and how pruning affects plants

•    General pruning guidelines 

•    Information on pruning tools and equipment

•    How to prune hedges and shape plants e.g. espaliers, topiary, bonsai

•    How to manage pruning material – chipping, compost, mulch 

•    Information on pruning for fruit 

•    How to prune roses 

•    A directory of plants – how to prune what



Table of Contents:

Chapter 1 introduction 

  • Why, when and what to prune: how pruning affects plants
  • Removing broken branches, dead or diseased wood
  • Controlling the type of growth
  • Controlling the plant’s shape and size
  • Promoting healthy, bushy growth
  • Rejuvenating a plant
  • Why prune?
  • Pruning different species
  • Timing for pruning
  • What is compartmentalisation? 

Chapter 2 types of pruning

  • Cleaning out dead wood
  • Stopping
  • Disbudding
  • Deadheading
  • Pollarding
  • Removing branches
  • Crown cleaning
  • Crown thinning
  • Crown reduction
  • Crown lifting
  • Crown renewal
  • Root pruning
  • Pruning trees in general
  • Pruning larger shrubs
  • Pruning tropical plants
  • Pruning container plants

Chapter 3 pruning tools and equipment

  • Secateurs
  • Pruning knife
  • Loppers
  • Pole pruners
  • Hand saws
  • Trimmers
  • Chainsaws
  • Gloves

Chapter 4 pruning hedges

  • Selecting hedging plants
  • Establishing a hedge
  • Types of hedge
  • Pruning or trimming an established hedge
  • Rejuvenating old and overgrown hedges
  • Pruning conifers
  • Other hedging techniques
  • Pleaching
  • Tapestry hedges
  • Mazes

Chapter 5 shaping plants

  • How to develop an espalier
  • Horizontal espalier
  • Oblique palmette espalier
  • Topiary
  • Portable topiary
  • Other plants suitable for topiary
  • Single-stem topiary
  • Verdant sculptures
  • Bonsai
  • Creating bonsai
  • Pruning bonsai to shape it
  • Chapter 6 managing prunings
  • Composting waste
  • Choosing plants for composting
  • Using compost to improve soils
  • Composting in home gardens
  • Indore method
  • Using lawn clippings
  • Mulching
  • How to lay mulch
  • Biochar
  • Chipping

Chapter 7 pruning for fruit production

  • Before buying plants consider the shape
  • Before pruning
  • Points to consider when pruning
  • Pruning specific fruits
  • Citrus spp.
  • Pruning a bush shape
  • Pruning a standard shape
  • Renovating an old citrus tree
  • Open vase shape formative pruning
  • Plum tree pruning
  • Pruning apricots
  • Knowing your buds

Chapter 8 pruning roses

  • When to prune roses
  • Pruning techniques for different types of roses
  • Pruning climbers and ramblers at a glance
  • Pruning roses as standards 
  • Dead heading roses
  • Rejuvenating an old rose plant

Chapter 9 compendium of plants: how to prune what and when

  • Summary: basic pruning guide
  • Glossary


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