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Human Biology III - Cardio Respiratory Performance 100 Hours Certificate Course
Human Biology III - Cardio Respiratory Performance BSC301
Learn to maximise breathing capacity. Breathing is the most important function in the human body, it is the first function that keep us alive. This course provides you with knowledge to improve energy levels and prevent ageing with correct respiration.
Prerequisite:Human Anatomy & Physiology BSC101 or equivalent.
This course covers: blood, blood pressure, pulmonary ventilation, gas exchange & transport, blood flow and gas transport, cardio respiratory control, cardio respiratory disease, & more.
Learning Goals - Human Biology III - Cardio Respiratory Performance BSC301
- Explain the how blood affects human health, including its nature, how it works and its significance.
- Explain blood pressure and its relationship to health and fitness.
- Explain the physiology of pulmonary ventilation.
- Explain the physiology of gas exchange and transport.
- Explain relationship between blood flow and gas transport in the body.
- Explain the physiology of cardio-respiratory control.
- Explain the physiology of cardio-respiratory disease.
Lesson Structure: Human Biology III - Cardio Respiratory Performance BSC301
1 The Science of the Blood
- Components of Blood
- Blood Typing
- Blood Cells
- Blood Cell Function
- The Immune Response
- Clotting Mechanism
- Circulatory Networks
- Blood Testing
- Full blood count
- Cross matching
- Blood cultures
- Arterial blood gas
- Biochemical and Metabolic Tests
- INR (Prothrombin Time)
- Blood Disorders
- Red Blood Cell Disorders
- White Blood Cell Disorders
- Blood Clotting Disorders
- Other Disorders
- The Lymphatic System
2 Blood Pressure and the Cardiac Cycle
- Blood Pressure
- Factors Affecting Blood Pressure
- How blood pressure is taken
- The Cardiac Cycle
- Heart Muscle Cell Contraction
- Electrical Control of the Heart Muscle Cells
- Problems With Blood Pressure
- Systolic hypertension
- Diastolic hypertension
- Blood Pressure and Exercise
- Distribution of Blood Flow (ml/min)
- Regulation of Heart Rate and Blood Pressure
- Problems With Heart Rate
- Variations to Heart Rate
- Other Conditions Affecting the Heart
- Electrocardiograms: Paper, Horizontal Axis, Vertical Axis, Calibration signal, Set up, Interpreting Electrocardiographs
3 Pulmonary Ventilation
- The Respiratory System
- The Respiratory Epithelium
- The Lungs
- Lung Anatomy
- Airway Anatomy
- The Nasal and Oral Cavities
- The Pharynx
- The Larynx
- The Trachea
- The Bronchial Tree
- The Physiology of Breathing
- Physiological Measures of Lung Capacity and Function: Total Lung Capacity (TLC), Tidal Volume (TV), Vital Capacity (VC) and Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Residual Volume (RV), Reserve Volumes (IRV and ERV), Functional Residual Capacity, Dead Space, Minute Ventilation (MV), VO2max
- Formulae for Lung Capacity
- Effect of Exercise on Pulmonary Ventilation
4 Gas Exchange and Transport
- Gas Exchange in the Human Body: Partial pressure
- Alveolar Gas Exchange (External Respiration)
- Oxygen Transport
- Cellular Gas Exchange (Internal Respiration)
- Carbon Dioxide Transport
- The Biochemistry of Gas Exchange: Boyle’s Law, Charles’ Law, Dalton’s Law, Henry’s Law
- Factors Affecting Gas Exchange
- Respiratory Control
5 Blood Flow and Gas TRansport
- Blood Flow: Volume, Target
- Gas Transport
- The Arterial-Alveolar Gradient
- Oxygen Transport
- Factors Effecting Oxygen Release by Haemoglobin
- The Bohr-Haldane Effect
- Cellular Respiration
- Anaerobic Energy Production
- Aerobic Energy Production
- Blood Flow During Exercise and Rest
6 Cardio Respiratory Control
- Cardio Respiratory Control and the Nervous System
- Input sensors
- The CV Centre: Higher brain centres, Baroreceptors and Chemoreceptors
- The Respiratory Centre
- Starling's Law
- Control of the Heart and Lings During Exercise
7 Cardio Respiratory Disease
- Diseases of the Cardiovascular System
- Cardiac Diseases and Injuries
- Cardiovascular Diseases
- Causes of Cardiovascular Disease: A sedentary lifestyle, Diet, Obesity, Hypertension, Tobacco smoking and pollution, Genetics
- Respiratory Disease
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
- Cystic Fibrosis (CF)
- Effects of Cardiopulmonary Disease
- Describe the composition of blood by discussing:
- Explain the functions of blood, including transportation, regulation and protection, including examples of the roles played by some of the different blood components in the performance of these functions.
- List fifteen different substances which are transported by blood.
- Explain the movement of blood through the human body, including:
where it moves
how it moves
- Explain the physiology of three different blood disorders.
- List physical changes which occur in different parts of the body when the heart beats.
- Calculate cardiac output in two different specified situations.
- List factors which can affect blood pressure.
- Explain how blood pressure can be measured, using a gauge and inflatable sleeve.
- Distinguish between systolic and disystolic pressure, in a specific case study.
- Explain how pulse rate and blood pressure indicate different aspects of a subject's condition.
- Label the parts of an electrocardiograph, including:
the p wave
the QRS complex
the S-T segment
the T wave
- Describe in one paragraph each, the phases of the cardiac cycle, including:
- Analyse two electrocardiographs for two different people.
- Draw electrocardiographs to illustrate five different types of heart malfunction, including:
- Compare ventilation during rest, exercise and recovery, for a specific case study.
- Explain lung capacity, for two people of similar demographics except one being a smoker and the other a non
- Explain lung function; including gas movements, and related muscle and bone movements.
- Explain intra pulmonary and interpleural pressure changes during breathing.
- Develop a chart which compares symptoms of breathing disorders, with scientific explanations of different
- Explain the relevance of partial pressure gradients to gas exchange in the body.
- List factors affecting gas exchange in the human body.
- Explain how diffusion capacity is related to exercise.
- Explain one pathway where carbon absorbed as carbon dioxide is transported through the body.
- List factors which may limit effective blood flow and gas transport.
- Explain the way in which stroke volume can indicate a persons state of health.
- Explain how blood flow is redistributed through the body, during exercise.
- List factors which can stimulate cardio respiratory activity.
- Describe factors listed which can stimulate cardio respiratory activity.
- Explain characteristics of cardio respiratory control during rest.
- Explain characteristics of cardio respiratory control during exercise.
- Explain the physiological effects of three different coronary risk factors.
- Explain the anatomical changes to the body caused by atherosclerosis.
- Describe body changes that may occur (anatomical and physiological) during:
a heart attack
- Develop a checklist of indicators of different cardio respiratory complaints.
- Develop guidelines to minimise the risk of heart disease, in an specified person.
Please Note: Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the Academy, marked by the Academy's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.
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Human Biology III - Cardio Respiratory Performance 100 Hours Certificate Course
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